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particle-accelerators

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362297–309 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.297
Published: 01 March 2006
...MARÍÍA DE LA PAZ RAMOS LARA ABSTRACT The first Van de Graaff particle accelerator in Latin America was installed at the Universidad Nacional Autóónoma de Mééxico (UNAM) in 1952. This event marked the beginning of experimental nuclear physics, exclusively for peaceful purposes, in Mexico. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
...” will see the attempt to overcome the limitations of a fully developed apparatus by flexibly intervening in the geometry of the experiment, moving it up to the mountains or at different distances from the particle accelerator by stressing at maximum, and then exhausting, the generation of new knowledge...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2004; 351115–152 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2004.35.1.115
Published: 01 September 2004
...ROLAND WITTJE ABSTRACT: Johan Holtsmark at the Norwegian Institute of Technology (N.T.H.) in Trondheim, Norway, built a Van de Graaff generator for nuclear disintegration between 1933 and 1937. This is believed to be the second Van de Graaff generator in Europe and the first particle accelerator in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362213–241 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.213
Published: 01 March 2006
...R. W. HOME ABSTRACT From the mid-1930s, Australian physicists, though few in number, sought to join the exciting new field of research then opening up in experimental nuclear physics. Such research was already, however, largely based on the use of particle accelerators, and to acquire one demanded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362311–327 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.311
Published: 01 March 2006
...ANA M. RIBEIRO DE ANDRADE; R.P.A. MUNIZ ABSTRACT Early efforts to bring particle accelerators into Brazil exemplify the interactions between advanced scientific countries and the periphery in the years 1948––1956 and between the history of science and the history of foreign affairs. The physicists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453447–492 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.447
Published: 01 June 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454513–548 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.513
Published: 01 September 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 39163–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.1.63
Published: 01 February 2009
... huge scientific proj- ects. The emergence of accelerators contributed to the birth of big science in particle physics, but the G-Stack itself can be considered an example of big sci- ence. Finally, the G-Stack collaboration is interesting because it represented a culmination of the Italian scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 384508–534 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.4.508
Published: 01 November 2008
... traditions within the laboratory. Focusing on how a particular study of charmed particles (experiment E-516) at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory gave rise to one of the laboratory's earliest experiment strings (E-516-691-769-791), we explore why such strings evolved and how they led to new research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2005; 352293–340 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2005.35.2.293
Published: 01 March 2005
... abundance in nuclei was moreover reviewed. Positive ββ-radioactivity induced by αα-particles was eventually announced, having been foreseen some weeks before. Accelerated deutons and protons shortly afterwards revealed to be efficient in inducing radioactivity. The physics institute in Rome got ready to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... Particle Physics, 1930 1950, HSNS 42, no. 5 (2012): 389 431. CLOUDS OF DATA | 85 suggested. The dynamic of more that sometimes came to feel intrinsic and natural could be historically questioned as well. THE DATABASE And yet there was data before particle accelerators; there was data before...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
.... Clearly, not every physicist emerged fromWorldWar II motivated by the desire to build ever larger accelerators and discover ever smaller particles. This last point is made definitively by Joseph Martin in Solid State Insur- rection. Martin tells the largely untold story of a group of physicists drawn to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
...), 261 326. 36 | M ENZE L AND KA I S ER attention toward the national security contexts of quantum electronics. . . . My thesis is that here American physics, accelerating in historic quanti- tative growth, underwent a qualitative change in its purposes and char- acter, an enlistment and integration of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
...- scope, the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array, and the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory which have afforded a remarkable power of sight into both macrocosmic processes and the elemen- tary particles that set the parameters for cosmic history, it was not ever thus.2 1. Derek...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 4911–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.1
Published: 01 February 2019
... is its mass; is the displacement integral on the forces impressed on the body (each force by its own displacement), assuming that its differential is integrable, [which] is always the case with accelerating forces directed at fixed centres, or with bodies of the same system, that are proportional...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
... reservation systems in the 1960s, industry began accumulating data about customers at a rapidly accelerating rate. Much of the interesting data is big in two different ways: it involves observations about, say, a large number of people or a large number of pur- chases; and it involves, for each one of those...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
... risen to 98 percent.7 The federal windfall drove a big science boom in particle accelerators and nuclear reactors, which in turn steered ever more researchers toward subfields like nuclear physics and solid-state physics subjects that policymakers and scientific advisors deemed most relevant to the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482123–179 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.123
Published: 01 April 2018
... towards the several particles of which the body of the sun is composed; and in receding from the sun decreases accurately as the inverse square of the distances as far as the orbit of Saturn, as evidently appears from the quiescence of the aphelion of the planets; nay, and even to the remotest aphelion of...