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organic-chemistry

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... synthesis organic chemistry artificial intelligence method pedagogy computing LHASA E. J. Corey EVAN HEPLER-SMITH* A Way of Thinking Backwards Computing and Method in Synthetic Organic Chemistry ABSTRACT This article addresses the history of how chemists designed syntheses of complex molecules...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1967; 12171–181 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757280
Published: 01 January 1967
... 79. 22 Chem. Zeit. 1900, No 99. 23 A. Stähler - Handbuch der Arbeitsmethoden in der anorganisehen Chemie, 1913, I Band, pp. 217, 333, 334, 348, 471,495, 571, 610, 695. P. N. RAIKOV?FOUNDER OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY IN BULGARIA S. TCHORBADJIEV* mong the many honored figures that played an...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1965; 10199–253 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757251
Published: 01 January 1965
...–329 (1961) Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniya i Tekhniki, 7, 43–57 (1959) 11, 11–19 (1961). G. V. Bykov, History of the Electron Theories of Organic Chemistry, Moscow, 1963. 3 G. J. Stoney, Phil. Mag., [5], 11, 381–390 (1881). 4 G. J. Stoney, Sci. Trans. Roy. Dublin Soc, [2], 4, 563–608...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1953; 485–114 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757164
Published: 01 January 1953
... Nickles, op. cit., p. 103. AUGUSTE LAURENT, FOUNDER OF MODERN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY CLARA deMILT* A UGUSTE LAURENT, the centenary of whose death falls on /\ April 15, 1953, was the most important single figure in / % the reform movement1 in chemistry which led to the develop JL JL-ment of modern organic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444319–363 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.319
Published: 01 September 2014
...Catherine M. Jackson This essay provides the first historical account of the origins of synthetic organic chemistry, one of the most powerful and productive of late nineteenth-century sciences. It builds on a revised understanding of the program of organic analysis instituted in the early 1830s by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434391–452 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.391
Published: 01 September 2013
... analysis and synthesis in industrial organic chemistry, almost a decade after their invention by a German physicist. Was this symptomatic of a broader pattern of neglect of quantum chemistry in Nazi Germany? To answer this question this paper examines the origins of such models, and their appearance (or...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484441–474 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.441
Published: 01 September 2018
... engagement with agricultural chemistry’s longstanding perception of microbes—as alchemists of the environment, with the ability to transform resource scarcity into productive abundance—organized the knowledge by which penicillin scientists made the domestic environment work, and deeply shaped antibiotic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... understood educational needs at the time, was conducted under the auspices of the Sa o Paulo Communion (Comunha o Paulista), a small organization made up of members of the Group of the State. The Communion set the target of creating a university to educate those whom they hoped would become the country s new...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
... elements and The Principles of Chemistry, Bulletin for the History of Chemistry 27, no. 1 (2002): 4 16. Masanori Kaji, Mendeleev s discovery of the periodic law: The origin and the reception, Foundation of Chemistry, no. 5 (2003): 189 214. 20. Michael D. Gordin, The organic roots of Mendeleev s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
...-Nielsen on climate modeling and politics, Evan Helper-Smith on computing in synthetic organic chemistry, and Ksenia Tatarchenko on algorithmic thinking in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. Matt Jones has opened up profoundly important new terrain for computational statistics and predictive analytics.12 And yet...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... emerging fields and actors of chemical and electrical engineering, and their troubled relationship to organic chemistry, electrodynamics, and optics, in particular in the distinctive landscape of industrial research, corporations, and academic scientists in nineteenth-century Germany. Such historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... Hufbauer on the social support for chemistry in the German states, Robert Fox on the rise and fall of Laplacian physics, and Henry Guerlac on chemistry as a branch of physics. 3 The next three volumes, to which Lewis Pyenson and R. Steven Turner contributed as co-editors, provided additional essays on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... issue entitled Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50, edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. WhenHistorical Studies in the Physical Sciences (HSPS) first appeared, in 1969, it replaced Chymia, a history of chemistry annual published from 1948 to 1967. Given the ascendance of the history of modern...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-217–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.17
Published: 02 April 2020
... Urbana in 1969.10 In the same vein, one of the authors publishing in HSPS, John H. Brooke, chided philosophically inclined scholars for applying vague and usually anachronistic labels such as positivist, conventionalist, empiricist to nineteenth-century chemistry. - but see Lawrence Badash...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-211–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.11
Published: 02 April 2020
... of science and technology, the discourse of national styles is most conspicuous in its absence. There are still, to be sure, plenty of pieces that concentrate on science in some specific place. This is how archives and the networks of our historical actors are principally organized, so it stands to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... be, well, physics (sometimes including astrophysics) and very occasionally chemistry. The place of science was regarded as Central and Western Europe, with some sorties to the United States and Japan.2 The articles within the pages ofHSPS depicted science as an enterprise having little to do with...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... matter deprived of all agency, was replaced by theories of matter that empha- sized the unique agency, capacities, even the vitality of specific lifeless sub- stances. Ursula Klein has shown that this shift began in chemistry in the 1830s: as organic chemists synthesized and analyzed organic substances...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494459–469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.459
Published: 01 September 2019
..., enter the shaping of texts. 8 Through his analysis of Paracelsian texts produced in the Renaissance era, the historian of chemistry Allen Debus established that alchemy (often considered pseudo-science) played a crucial role in the development of chemistry as a field of scientific inquiry.9 Through a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
..., Sociological Perspectives 38, no. 1 (1995): 15 26; Jan Frercks, Demonstrating the Facticity of Facts: University Lectures and Chemistry as a Science in Germany around 1800, Ambix 57, no. 1 (2010): 64 83; Maria Pia Donato, A Science of Facts? Classifying and Using Records in the French Imperial Archives...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493338–349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.338
Published: 01 June 2019
... scientific institute boasting a two-story chemistry institute, an inoculations division, a physiology division, and a building for pathology and anatomy. Against the backdrop of rapid industrial development, modernization, and entrepreneurship, Pavlov inevitably absorbed ideals of industrial systems and...