1-20 of 262 Search Results for

optics

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... atmosphere. Along the way, in a mix of classified discussions and reports, and through a series of important publications in the open literature, the consultants laid the foundations of a new field: nonlinear optics. Nonlinear optics is the science of the interaction between matter and intense light, and it...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463313–359 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.313
Published: 01 June 2016
...Marta Jordi Taltavull One model, the resonance model, shaped scientific understanding of optical dispersion from the early 1870s to the 1920s, persisting across dramatic changes in physical conceptions of light and matter. I explore the ways in which the model was transmitted across these...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 4911–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.1
Published: 01 February 2019
..., and Liebig invoked proto-energetic arguments to address particular problems concerning wave optics, electromagnetism, theory of electric batteries, heat motors, and animal heat. Thereby they extended the realm of applicability of arguments based on the conservation of “power” beyond non-frictional...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434453–491 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.453
Published: 01 September 2013
... analyzes a major event which led to the revival of this debate, namely, the experiment carried out by Robert Hanbury Brown and Richard Quentin Twiss (HBT) in 1956 in the context of low-intensity interferometry. As part of their work to build a new kind of interferometer to measure the diameter of optical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472200–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.200
Published: 01 April 2017
... make optical use of his particular conception of the human mind. © 2017 by the Regents of the University of California 2017 Anton Pannekoek epistemic virtues scientific persona statistical astronomy Milky Way appearance historical materialism left radicalism Jacobus Kapteyn CHAOKANG...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-211–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.11
Published: 02 April 2020
... Newtonian-force approach, such as its inability to handle the circular force lines of electrically induced magnetic fields in Hans Christian Ørsted s 1820 landmark experiment, or numerous challenges in optics. These, however, were not sufficient to displace Laplace s framework without turnover in journal...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... emerging fields and actors of chemical and electrical engineering, and their troubled relationship to organic chemistry, electrodynamics, and optics, in particular in the distinctive landscape of industrial research, corporations, and academic scientists in nineteenth-century Germany. Such historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
... Technology in the Global Cold War, ed. Naomi Oreskes and John Krige (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014), 273 316; Benjamin Wilson, The consultants: Nonlinear optics and the social world of Cold War science, Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 45, no. 5 (2015): 758 804. For an insightful review, see...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... (Jun 1909): 225 37, on 228. 37. A. E. Douglass, A Photographic Periodogram of the Sun-Spot Numbers, The Astro- physical Review 40, no. 3 (Oct 1914): 326 31; A. E. Douglass, An Optical Periodograph, The Astrophysical Review 41, no. 3 (Apr 1915): 173 86. 38. Patricia Craig, Centennial History of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... ngstro¨m-scale resolution reached down to the high double digits by the 1950s, the identification of the cell membrane was as much an epistemological and conceptual problem as it was one of optics and resolution: Where does the cell membrane begin if indeed there is any sharp boundary? one biologist...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... the first to explain Schiaparelli s canals as optical illusions. For more on the canals as visual and later photographic controversy, see Jennifer Tucker, Nature Exposed: Photography as Eyewitness in Victorian Science (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 194 233, and Martin Willis...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
.... H. Compton, X-rays as a Branch of Optics, Nobel Lecture (1927): 174 90, Fig. 10. Copyright 1927 by The Nobel Foundation. 34. W. Bothe and H. Geiger, U¨ber das Wesen des Compton-effekts; ein experimenteller Beitrag zur Theorie der strahlung, Zeitschrift fu¨r Physics 32 (1925): 639 63. 134 | B E R...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482123–179 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.123
Published: 01 April 2018
... of nature remained preferably reserved for select, particularly fundamental statements such as the law of inertia, one can observe a general liberalization of the concept as signaled by the appearance of terms such as laws of optics and even laws of electric and magnetic phenomena41 The law...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2005; 36135–70 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2005.36.1.35
Published: 01 September 2005
...SEAN F. JOHNSTON ABSTRACT Dennis Gabor devised a novel concept for optical imaging in 1947 that went by a variety of names over the following decade: holoscopy, wavefront reconstruction, interference microscopy, diffraction microscopy, and Gaboroscopy. A well-connected and creative research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48124–55 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.24
Published: 01 February 2018
... possible trajectories of the moving body are identical to the possible rays of the wave. . . .We think that this idea of a deep relationship between the two great principles of Geometrical Optics and Dynamics could be a valuable guide in realizing the synthesis of waves and quanta.18 An important subplot...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474529–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.529
Published: 01 September 2017
... ont justifie´ mon voyage a` Oxford45 He argued that although the optical spectrum of celtium was very clear, it was quite possible that the x-rays were just too faint. In the same letter, he suggests that Moseley write a paper about how he examined the fractionations of ytterbium up to and including...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473443–449 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.443
Published: 01 June 2017
... attention the presence and importance of women in science. Leandra Swanner s essay focuses not on chemists, physicists, and biologists, but rather on astronomers who study stellar galaxies and the intergalactic medium. Her history of the ongoing attempt to build a thirty-meter optical telescope on the Hawai...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473293–319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.293
Published: 01 June 2017
... Hawai i, CalTech, the University of California, and astronomy interests in China, Japan, India, and Canada, the TMT as it s known to astronomers is Big Science at its biggest.1 When completed, the TMT Corporation boasts that the adaptive optics system will permit more than twelve times the spatial...