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optical-dispersion

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463313–359 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.313
Published: 01 June 2016
...Marta Jordi Taltavull One model, the resonance model, shaped scientific understanding of optical dispersion from the early 1870s to the 1920s, persisting across dramatic changes in physical conceptions of light and matter. I explore the ways in which the model was transmitted across these...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482123–179 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.123
Published: 01 April 2018
... of nature remained preferably reserved for select, particularly fundamental statements such as the law of inertia, one can observe a general liberalization of the concept as signaled by the appearance of terms such as laws of optics and even laws of electric and magnetic phenomena41 The law...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
... dispersal of the research environments in the United States visited by scientists from Chalmers reflects the well-established international networks of senior scientists at Chalmers in the 1960s, through which younger scholars came into contact with leading U.S. specialists within various fields of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463261–269 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.261
Published: 01 June 2016
... investigations into the relationship between light and matter. The long research tradition on optical dispersion transformed in response to changes in late nineteenth and early twentieth-century physics and chemistry. By following a single phenom- enon across the classical-quantum divide and scrutinizing a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... atmosphere. Along the way, in a mix of classified discussions and reports, and through a series of important publications in the open literature, the consultants laid the foundations of a new field: nonlinear optics. Nonlinear optics is the science of the interaction between matter and intense light, and it...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455641–702 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.641
Published: 01 November 2015
... Karl Ma¨rker, eds., Arnold Sommerfeld: Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel. Band 2: 1919 1951 (Berlin: GNT Verlag, 2004), 47 48, on 48. The other problem that Sommerfeld would have been happy to see Born address was dispersion, the importance of which and its connection to the problem of molecular...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455631–640 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.631
Published: 01 November 2015
...- burgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984); Peter Galison, How Experiments End (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987); Peter Galison, Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1997). 19. David Kaiser, Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434539–549 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.539
Published: 01 September 2013
... visual skepticism a distrust of the evidence provided by glances and first optical impressions alone (68). A rather unremarkable American painter, Thayer invented elaborate multimedia productions (in painting, pho- tography, and taxidermy) as active modes of eschewing detection in an envi- ronment...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432162–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.162
Published: 01 April 2013
... Light: The Sources of Dispersive Spectroscopy 1800 1930 (Luxembourg: Gordon and Breach, 1995), for a broad treatment; Charlotte Bigg, Spectro- scopic Metrologies Nuncius 18, no. 2 (2003): 765 77, on metrology; George Sweetnam, The Command of Light: Rowland s School of Physics and the Spectrum...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 423190–234 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.3.190
Published: 01 June 2012
... calibrate magneto-optical, polarimetric, and spectroscopic devices conveyed an impression of astrophysical experiments. See Simon Schaffer, Where Experiments End: Tabletop Trials in Victorian Astronomy, in Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics, ed. Jed Buchwald (Chicago: University of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 413303–343 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.3.303
Published: 01 August 2011
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 402225–258 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.2.225
Published: 01 May 2010
... the early 1960s to the mid-1980s; and a dispersed cluster regime from the late 1980s onward. The body of the narrative will successively consider these three organiza- tional regimes, and for each era, draw a detailed picture of the community. This case study is important for at least three reasons...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 394377–417 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.4.377
Published: 01 November 2009
..., magnetism, and optics. Spectroscopic observations and experiments with discharge tubes, areas of research both dating from the 1860s, were of particular importance. It was also in this period that the first elaborate electrical theories of the origin of the aurora appeared, soon to be transformed into...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 39132–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.1.32
Published: 01 February 2009
... emphasis on calculations and their pedagogical implications, are David Kaiser, Drawing The- ories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005), and Andrew Warwick, Masters of Theory: Cambridge and the Rise of Mathematical Physics (Chicago...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 383353–404 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.3.353
Published: 01 August 2008
...- entius Basilica were called, in a carefree optical analogy, cosmic-ray telescopes. Still, not all observations made with them were regarded as equal. The exper- iment that included the measurements in the basilica was an acknowledged case of indirect observation, while other experiments aiming at same...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2007; 372205–246 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2007.37.2.205
Published: 01 March 2007
...? To answer this question it is necessary to look not only at published research papers that often simply use a hypothesis without explaining why but also at reviews, monographs, and textbooks. What reasons did authors of publications on quantum theory, optics, and general physics give for treating the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2007; 37suppl73–120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2007.37.s.73
Published: 01 March 2007
... though the source was quite weak. He pointed out that this could lead to errors, 16. On the Michelson interferometer, Grant E. Fowles, Introduction to modern optics New york, 1989 , 63 66; on its historical uses, see Michel Janssen and John Stachel, The optics and electrodynamics of moving bodies...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 37187–125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.37.1.87
Published: 01 September 2006
... (grandiosi) local events, like volcanic eruptions, could have an influence on global climate, but pointed out that it was also difficult to disprove the idea, as Krakatau had provided an excellent case for the global presence of at least optical phenomena. He provided a chronological list of volcanic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 3713–25 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.37.1.3
Published: 01 September 2006
..., and using nanotechnology to create clouds of microscopic computer particles that could block an enemy s optical sensors or guide smart weapons to their targets; the cost of developing these clouds to be borne by the private sector. In a recurring theme, the military points out that weather...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2003; 341115–149 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2003.34.1.115
Published: 01 September 2003
..., Infrared and optical masers, Physical re- view, 112 (1958), 1940-1949. 116 MYERS AND DIXON clude that although there was no single inventor of the laser, Townes, Schawlow, and, somewhat surprisingly, Bloembergen made the most fundamental U.S. con- tributions. We also describe several of the many little...