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nuclear-power

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 3815–44 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.5
Published: 01 February 2008
... Project, to divert the resources of Western European states, notably France and Germany, into a civilian nuclear power program undertaken by a new supranational organization, Euratom. The determination on the continent to re-launch the European integration process in 1955, the Suez crisis in 1956, and the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 445470–502 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.5.470
Published: 01 November 2014
... explore the peaceful uses of atomic energy, in particular with regard to building nuclear reactors. One of the committee’s goals was to use nuclear power to make the country less reliant on foreign energy provisions. Yet, this paper reveals that the atomic energy project resulted in actually increasing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 382259–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.2.259
Published: 01 May 2008
... political pressure on the nuclear power industry and regulatory agencies. Gofman's bitter struggle with the Atomic Energy Commission, which funded his research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, partly accounts for this view. However, my analysis of Gofman's involvement in the low-level radiation...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 331107–129 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.107
Published: 01 September 2002
... practical route to the development of a nuclear arsenal, improvement of nuclear power plants, and the growth of South Korea's semiconductor industry. This article attempts to answer how and why this strange conflict between the image and role of physics emerged and continued in South Korea during the last...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 33161–86 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.61
Published: 01 September 2002
...Kenji Ito This paper discusses Nishina Yoshio's attitude toward World War II and scientific research during the war. Nishina was the leading Japanese physicist in interwar Japan and the chief scientist of Japan's wartime nuclear power project. The paper describes how Nishina was caught between...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453397–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.397
Published: 01 June 2015
... scientists at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in California, was designed to utilize nuclear explosions for peaceful purposes, such as excavating harbors and canals, releasing mineral and gas deposits, generating electrical power, and producing radionuclides. The early focus of the Plowshare Advisory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... using lasers to defend against nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles. A few academic consultants for IDA (among them physicists Nicolaas Bloembergen, Charles Townes, Keith Brueckner, and Norman Kroll) began to think about how to generate laser pulses of enormous power and propagate them through the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2199–208 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.199
Published: 02 April 2020
...., illus., index. ISBN 978-1-4214-2439-2. $39.95 (hardcover). It is encouraging to see several books recently released on the exploitation of German science and technology after WorldWar II. Our previous understand- ing of the exploitation of German technology by the Allied powers was dom- inated by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
..., Insiders and Outsiders: Nuclear Arms Control Experts in Cold War America (PhD dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014), chap. 5; and Sarah Bridger, Scientists at War: The Ethics of Cold War Weapons Research (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2015), chap. 9. 19. Cf. Lorraine Daston...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... of HEP advocates prevailed, it seemed ineluctable that the future would be one of ever bigger machines, larger datasets, and more sophisticated signal processing. That sense of inevitability was politically conditioned by postwar regimes of funding, power, and prestige, as HSPS scholarship might have...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... system in 1918.32 Clements promoted paleoecology because he saw incredible explanatory power in the deep past. He believed that historical analyses could synthesize techniques and questions from multiple disciplines to offer systematic theoretical statements about how climate influenced biological...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495556–565 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.556
Published: 01 November 2019
.... Thus, the very tensions between individual bodies and data surveillance serve as a new locus of historical inquiry, as these dynamics sustain the powerful his- torical forces: empire, colonialism, bureaucracy, slavery, science, and everyday life. This essay illuminates recent works that exemplify this...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... change, these linguistic cues of moderation became powerful heuristics that helped shape and anchor assessments of climate risk, calibrate scientists’ advice to policy makers, and regulate public apprehension about climate risk. Ultimately, officials within and outside the science community concluded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
... population geneticists claimed the scientific objectiveness of their work reconstructing national, regional, and global histories of human popula- tions using DNA technologies and its power to dispute cultural prejudices such as racism and nationalism, historians have shown that cultural and his- torical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493241–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.241
Published: 01 June 2019
... colonial government.2 Trained and often employed at state institutions, colonial agronomists contributed to what philosopherMichel Foucault might have described as the governmentalization of French rule in Algeria, influencing the behavior of landowners, farmworkers, and consumers through the power of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
..., evolution of experimental technique, production of knowledge *University Museum Network and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Via Zamboni 33, 40126, Bologna, eugenio.bertozzi2@unibo.it. The following abbreviation is used: CERN, European Council for Nuclear Research. | 117...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... article situates the discovery in the sort of explanatory context more familiar from histories of Cold War nuclear and electronics research, where funds flowed freely across a broad front of institutions and subject fields, underwriting innovation and exchange, and incentivizing the instrumentalization of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... two related episodes to demonstrate how the notion of “algorithmic thinking” became explicitly associated with a range of politicized agendas, each claiming the algorithm’s power. On one hand, the coupling of “algorithm” and “thinking” was used to describe a naturalized cognitive capacity shared among...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492226–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.226
Published: 01 April 2019
... Schro¨dinger with Einstein as a powerful ally, and later by Bohm, Everett, Bell, and others. How this debate evolved between 1950 and 1990 is the subject of Olival Freire s authoritative and meticulously researched book, The Quan- tum Dissidents. In a seminal 1935 paper, Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... American Commercial Nuclear Power 1945 1975 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991); Gregg Herken, Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to SDI (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000); Daniel Kevles, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in...