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nuclear-physics

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 153–172.
Published: 01 September 2006
... impossible for the group to continue these activities in Rome, and in 1938 the promulgation of racial laws forced them to migrate abroad. ©© 2006 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. 2006 nuclear physics intellectual property fascism radioactive elements...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 36 (2): 213–241.
Published: 01 March 2006
...R. W. HOME ABSTRACT From the mid-1930s, Australian physicists, though few in number, sought to join the exciting new field of research then opening up in experimental nuclear physics. Such research was already, however, largely based on the use of particle accelerators, and to acquire one demanded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1986) 17 (1): 175–181.
Published: 01 January 1986
... REVIEWS AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL ESSAYS Nuclear Physics under Rutherford at Cambridge david wilson. Rutherford: Simple genius. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1983. t.e. allibone and guy hartcup. Cockcroft and the Atom. Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1984. Stewart cockburn and david ellyard. Oliphant. Adelaide: Axiom Books, 1981...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1984) 14 (2): 357–377.
Published: 01 January 1984
... nuclear physics in Montreal, 1935-1950 The brightest star in Canadian physics was Ernest Rutherford, who worked at McGill University from 1898-1907. Although his discoveries in the field of radioactivity changed the course of science, Rutherford failed to entrench his discipline in a self-perpetuating...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (5): 389–431.
Published: 01 November 2012
... periodizations to be developed in the history of particle physics. In the timeframe considered, it is argued that inferential strategies were used to interpret single images of particle tracks, that evidence aggregation was crucial using all kinds of detectors, and that it was also common to use nuclear physics...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2011) 41 (3): 303–343.
Published: 01 August 2011
... by the training of some of its members in European research centers, followed by research activity on x-ray spectrography, radioactivity, and nuclear physics at home. This project was supported by grants awarded by the Board for National Education created in 1929, and then the Institute for High...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 36 (2): 343–364.
Published: 01 March 2006
...DIEGO HURTADO DE MENDOZA; ANA MARIA VARA ABSTRACT Experimental nuclear physics in Argentina entered the era of so-called ““big science”” with a project to build a 20 MeV tandem-type accelerator for heavy ions. Promoted by the group of nuclear physicists of Argentina's National Atomic Energy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 36 (2): 311–327.
Published: 01 March 2006
... nuclear physics research aimed at the development of nuclear technology in Brazil. The decision-making process involved science, politics, secret agreements, and international affairs. ©© 2006 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. 2006 Brazilian history of particle...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (4): 535–568.
Published: 01 November 2008
...Robert P. Crease The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory was the first facility to move the subfield of nuclear physics into the relativistic (very high-energy) regime. From the time of its formal proposal in 1984 to the start of its operation in 2000, it...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 36 (2): 297–309.
Published: 01 March 2006
...MARÍÍA DE LA PAZ RAMOS LARA ABSTRACT The first Van de Graaff particle accelerator in Latin America was installed at the Universidad Nacional Autóónoma de Mééxico (UNAM) in 1952. This event marked the beginning of experimental nuclear physics, exclusively for peaceful purposes, in Mexico. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 389–422.
Published: 01 June 2017
...Carsten Reinhardt Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been and continues to be one of the most widely spread research techniques in the physical and life sciences, including medicine, since the technique’s invention in 1945. There is no basis, however, to account for a linear success...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (4): 283–321.
Published: 01 September 2012
...Lisa M. Mundey In 1958 the United States secretly conducted a low-yield, high-atmosphere nuclear weapon effects test in the South Atlantic code-named ARGUS. It tested a theory devised by Nicholas Christofilos that an anti-missile shield could be created around the planet by trapping high-energy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (5): 758–804.
Published: 01 November 2015
... from his work as a defense consultant. This essay presents an origin story of nonlinear optics and the people who made it. It reveals a pattern of connections between this prominent field of modern physics and the U.S. government s efforts to manage the conundrum of nuclear weapons in the missile age...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2009) 39 (1): 63–103.
Published: 01 February 2009
... interested in cosmic rays as a source of particles. The network was established in the mid-1950s in order to carry out a balloon flight aimed at using nuclear emulsions to investigate the nature of K mesons. The experiment was significant for the physics of the period, not only because of the scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 36 (2): 275–296.
Published: 01 March 2006
... went ahead and the Institute of Nuclear Study (INS) opened in 1955. Within a few years, physicists sought to establish a second major accelerator facility. Sectionalism among physicists and shortage of funds plagued attempts to establish the National Laboratory for High Energy Physics (KEK) which...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (4): 569–609.
Published: 01 November 2008
..., paving the way for ALS funding and a retooling of the national laboratories and materials science: in the 1990s and 2000s the largest Department of Energy accelerators were devoted to materials science, not nuclear or high-energy physics. ©© 2008 by The Regents of the University of California...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2002) 33 (1): 107–129.
Published: 01 September 2002
... practical route to the development of a nuclear arsenal, improvement of nuclear power plants, and the growth of South Korea's semiconductor industry. This article attempts to answer how and why this strange conflict between the image and role of physics emerged and continued in South Korea during the last...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2005) 35 (2): 293–340.
Published: 01 March 2005
... absorption and scattering. All the main laboratories then active in nuclear physics reorganized after the discovery of the neutron. The subject fl ourished in rapid succession in France, England, and Ger- many starting in February 1932. The United States entered slightly later but soon was making substantial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... of theoretical physics, such as nuclear physics and astrophysics. Many of these events were organized by Niels Bohr in Copenhagen, where young men many of whom went on to become great exponents of quantum mechanics, like Werner Heisenberg, Paul Dirac, and Wolfgang Pauli participated in convivial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 209–216.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... Indeed, Condon was a quantum theorist who rubbed shoulders with Ernest Lawrence and others active in the development of nuclear physics before WWII. During the war, he aided in the effort to develop radar by helping to organize MIT s Radiation Laboratory and by devising equipment to isolate fissionable...