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mendelian-genetics

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454549–576 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.549
Published: 01 September 2015
... Mendelian genetics, the idea that careful breeding of thoroughbreds would result in improved horses resonated with Americans worried about racial degeneration. Scientists committed to racial ideologies looked to thoroughbreds—whose owners and breeders maintained extensive pedigree records—to understand the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 491104–115 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.104
Published: 01 February 2019
... before the emergence of Mendelian genetics. Although it comes as no great surprise that the significance of heredity did not come out of nowhere in the early twentieth century, Genetics in the Madhouse andHeredity Explored offer impor- tant evidence for the relevance of hereditary presumptions and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
... together in one jump and gradually break up. In a few generations they would be following regular Mendelian rules. I suspect that the chief effect of the other isolators (besides linkage) would be to release them more slowly (inversions) and to preserve some of them in the heterozygous condition.70 Wright...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485659–672 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.659
Published: 01 November 2018
... Health; NGS, next generation sequencing; OMIM, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man; UDN, Undiagnosed Disease Network. 1. In 2016, the total revenue of the company was over $2.3 billion, and their income before taxes was over $560 million; Illumina, Earnings, Press Releases, and Other Financial In...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473320–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.320
Published: 01 June 2017
... philosophy should be the leading discipline, he conceded that there were still open scientific questions and a definitive judgment on contemporary physics would have to be deferred.45 He even skirted the notorious debates over Mendelian genetics (identified with Trofim Lysenko) without committing himself...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473349–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.349
Published: 01 June 2017
... and without the use of checkerboard diagrams and Mendelian ratios55 In this she succeeded. The text of Genetics in the Atomic Age was certainly couched in terms that were easily understandable by laymen, but it was the illustrations that par- ticularly made the book more accessible to the non-expert...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 47176–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.1.76
Published: 01 February 2017
... heredity and breeding activity. But the deployment of genetics among forestry scientists and breeders remains underestimated. What really changed in the experimental practices of these researchers, and to what extent did private and public cork oak plant breeders apply or develop Mendelian strategies? This...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 4711–41 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.1.1
Published: 01 February 2017
..., group selection was between pure altruistic and pure selfish colonies. Maynard Smith s model did not allow mixed colonies to reap benefits from the presence of altruists. See also David SloanWilson, Altruism in Mendelian Populations Derived from Sibling Groups: The Haystack Model Revisited Evolution...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 462154–206 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.2.154
Published: 01 April 2016
... California 2016 Science Society of China nationalism plant taxonomy comparative anatomy Mendelian genetics goldfish evolution Republican China Compendium of Materia Medica LIJING JIANG* Retouching the Past with Living Things: Indigenous Species, Tradition, and Biological Research in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 461110–118 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.1.110
Published: 01 February 2016
... have fostered new knowl- edge successfully, sometimes deliberately seeking and often eliciting significant ideological relations between knowledge and particular politics, from Lysenko s infamous fight against Mendelian genetics (316 18), to Vannevar Bush s depic- tion of science as capital (304 08...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452273–302 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.273
Published: 01 April 2015
... centrality of scientific research for Califor- nia s progress; a harsh critique of Weismann s biology, Mendelian genetics, and eugenics; the elucidation and diffusion of what Ritter dubbed organismal philosophy (which implied a renewed form of German developmentalism); and finally but no less important...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 445509–513 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.5.509
Published: 01 November 2014
... since the 1980s on genomics.4 The promise of genomic research was at first presented overwhelmingly in terms that recalled traditional hopes for Mendelian genetics, that of finding genes for basic human charac- teristics. Davenport s genes for nomadism and for feeblemindedness were no longer mentioned...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 451147–173 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.147
Published: 01 February 2015
... and the Science of Genetics in Bashford and Levine, eds., Oxford Handbook (ref. 22), 80 97. 34. In the 1930s, Mexican eugenicists tended not to support Mendelian genetics, but rather the inheritance of acquired characteristics. After the international discrediting of Lamarckism in the late 1930s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 45185–114 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.85
Published: 01 February 2015
.... Public Health Service approved the research grant submitted by Hauschka and Levan for their research on mouse cancer cells. In April, Levan presented early results of his work with Hauschka at a meeting of the Swedish Mendelian Society in Lund. On this occasion, cancer cytogenetics became visible to a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 445503–508 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.5.503
Published: 01 November 2014
... sterilization. Moreover, by the 1950s it was abundantly clear that the vast majority of human traits could not be reduced to Mendelian unit characters Inheritance patterns were complex; phenotypic expression was the result of myriad inter- acting genetic and environmental factors. Yet, at the same time that...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 445521–530 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.5.521
Published: 01 November 2014
... arising from single genes. But the commitment was only partially to the end of objectification. It arose also from the available methods. At the time, biologists tended to identify genes from traits e.g., physical diseases that deviated from pheno- typical norms and conformed to a Mendelian pattern of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 445514–520 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.5.514
Published: 01 November 2014
.... 1), x. 6. Ibid., 69. 7. See, for example, Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, The Formation of the American Scientific Community: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1848 1860 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1976); Paolo Palladino, Wizards and Devotees: On the Mendelian Theory of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425590–600 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.590
Published: 01 November 2012
... Mendelian genetics and promoted plant-breeding practices based on a theory that organisms could inherit the ac- quired characteristics of their parents. Lysenko s rise accompanied the persecution of geneticists and the stifling of research in genetics. Though very worthy of study, this episode has dominated...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425527–531 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.527
Published: 01 November 2012
... little word, he called it, an expression for the unit factors, elements or allelomorphs in the gametes, demonstrated by modern Mendelian researches. As to the nature of these ele- ments, he continued, it is as yet of no value to propose any hypothesis. 6 To be sure, most users of the term...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404532–568 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.532
Published: 01 November 2010
..., Between Craft and Science: Plant Breeding, Mendelian Genetics, and British Universities, 1900 1920, Technology and Culture 34, no. 2 (1993), 300 23. HSNS4004_05.indd 542 9/29/10 4:33 PM V i chy an d th e G e n et i c Mode rn i zat i on o f f r ance | 543 wheat seed trade decree limited the use of the...