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materiality

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
...Johan Gribbe; Olof Hallonsten The cross-disciplinary field of materials science emerged and grew to prominence in the second half of the twentieth century, drawing theoretical and experimental strength from the rapid progress in several natural sciences disciplines and connecting to many industrial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473320–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.320
Published: 01 June 2017
...Michael D. Gordin The Prague-born philosopher and historian of science Arnošt Kolman (1892–1979)—who often published under his Russian name Ernest Kol’man—has fallen into obscurity, much like dialectical materialism, the philosophy of science he represented. From modest Czech-Jewish origins, Kolman...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
...Petr A. Druzhinin This study explores the full set of handwritten and printed materials associated with the 1869 publication of the first version of Dmitrii Mendeleev’s periodic system of elements: “An Attempt at a System of Elements Based on Their Atomic Weight and Chemical Affinity.” Using...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 46144–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.1.44
Published: 01 February 2016
... laboratories of allied industries and especially in state-funded academic networks. Notable in this regard was materials science and engineering, which exerted an important epistemic influence on advanced power source and electric vehicle research and development. Materials researchers tended to select...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444424–433 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.424
Published: 01 September 2014
...., index. ISBN: 978-2-200-25563-3 . 25.40€ (paper). Material Enlightenments BY MI GYUNG KIM* BRUNO BELHOSTE. Paris savant: Parcours et rencontres au temps des Lumie`res. Paris: Armand Colin, 2011. 311 pp., illus., index. ISBN: 978-2-200-25563-3. 25.40 (paper). EMMA C. SPARY. Eating the Enlightenment...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474529–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.529
Published: 01 September 2017
... several rare earth elements provided by Georges Urbain. Moseley failed to publish his conclusions before his death in the First World War. Despite the efforts of his mother and colleagues, a posthumous publication never materialized. This essay explores the question of why. An in-depth evaluation of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 433243–280 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.3.243
Published: 01 June 2013
...Christophe Lécuyer; Takahiro Ueyama This article examines the rise of gallium nitride as a major semiconductor material at the center of a new industry, solid-state lighting. It argues that the development of gallium nitride was shaped by the interplay of three contextual logics: material logic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432121–161 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.121
Published: 01 April 2013
... funded by the Advanced Research Projects Agency in 1960. The novelty of the IDL program was that it created a peer group of university laboratories with sustained funding to ensure their institutional stability. The Cornell Materials Science Center, one of the first three Interdisciplinary Laboratories...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... article redefines the relative contributions of luck, skill, and circumstance to the discovery by thickening the contexts in which it occurred. In its emphasis upon the material conditions of scientific enquiry, the development of technical expertise, and the permeability of disciplinary boundaries, the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485557–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.557
Published: 01 November 2018
... of its own categories can illuminate the specific materiality of data, distinct from the things in the world it claims to represent. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472164–199 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.164
Published: 01 April 2017
... process of claim-making. The expedition operated in and made claims on many spaces, both material and rhetorical, or, put differently, in several natural and discursive spaces. In making claims for science, the explorer-scientists navigated competing demands on their commitments and activities from their...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485648–658 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.648
Published: 01 November 2018
... are biological things turned into data? What organizes and limits the combination, querying, and re-use of data? And how does the work on data link back to the organismic or biological world? Considering the life cycle of data, the essay suggests that data remain linked to the biological material and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475629–652 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.629
Published: 01 November 2017
... research agendas of Raspail and Schwann, and contrasts the philosophical and political beliefs and incentives behind them. Whereas Raspail was a proponent of republicanism and materialism, Schwann opposed the modernist agenda of explaining nature and humankind without God, as well a democratic reshaping of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484441–474 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.441
Published: 01 September 2018
...Victoria Lee The domestication of penicillin production in Japan was a priority for the Allied occupation government (1945–1952) immediately after World War II, since manufacturing the drug using raw materials available locally would lower the cost of the occupation. In place of employing the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483259–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.259
Published: 01 June 2018
... communities of scholars together across disparate geographies and fields of study. Material limits and linguistic ambiguity, here, offered important resources for asserting relevance and unity in a fragmented and heterogeneous discipline. I show in particular how reinterpretations and puns of the calculus...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
..., might look at, and might offer us future insights.2 Reading over the five forewords McCormmach wrote over the ten years of his editorship, I am most struck by how radical and prescient was his approach to the social and intellectual history of science.3 A Marxist tradition connecting material...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... bourgeoisie at Caltech. Recent contributions in HSNS speak to, for example, the symbiotic activity of a range of scientists and engineers in Materials Science and Engineering Physics, space science policy and NASA, Peak Oil, algorithms and computing, and the battery-powered automobile all of which provide...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... possible. They built ever bigger accel- erators capable of discovering ever smaller constituents of matter, which, in turn, provided the raw material for ever subtler and more unified theories of *Lyman Briggs College, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, westfa12@ msu.edu | 209 Historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-21–4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.1
Published: 02 April 2020
..., no. 2 (2007): 409 34; Gregory Radick, The Exemplary Kuhnian: Gould s Structure Revisited, HSNS 42, no. 2 (2012): 143 57; and Michael D. Gordin, The Trials of Arnos t K.: The Dark Angel of Dialectical Materialism, HSNS 47, no. 3 (2017): 320 48. T EMPORAL HOR I ZONS | 3 chosen to test the bounds of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
... came to predominate in the history of science, ranging from the turn to practice in the 1990s to more recent concerns with materiality.25 Forman s arresting conclusion in Behind quantum electronics therefore points to a theoretical question that is still very much with us, raised anew by recent calls...