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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2003; 341115–149 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2003.34.1.115
Published: 01 September 2003
...ROBERT A. MYERS; RICHARD W. DIXON ABSTRACT: The laser and the transistor are two of the most important inventions of the 20th century. Basic agreement exists that Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley invented the transistor. Inventorship priority over the laser has been contested. By mobilizing patent...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1987; 181111–147 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757598
Published: 01 January 1987
...Robert W. Seidel Copyright 1987 The Regents of the University of California [Footnotes] 1 Barry Miller, "Services to push optical maser effort," AW, 76 (15 Jan 1962), 92– 104. 2 Sy Vogel and Leon Dulberger, "Laser: Devices and systems—Part III," Electronics, 34:45 (10 Nov 1961), 81...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1988; 182203 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757610
Published: 01 January 1988
... preprints of his laser paper were circulated in August, 1958". 116 15 Delete "Columbia and". 118 11 Insert "and" after "in-house". 119 8 For "thermodiffusion" read "thermal diffusion". 140 18 Delete "and Columbia". 178 8 After "agencies" add "the operative". 191 The labels for the ordinates of Figure 6...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
...Benjamin Wilson After the laser was first demonstrated in 1960, many American defense officials hoped it would become a revolutionary new weapon. At the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), a nonprofit advisory corporation contracted to the Defense Department, experts studied the possibility of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454513–548 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.513
Published: 01 September 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453447–492 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.447
Published: 01 June 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434453–491 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.453
Published: 01 September 2013
... and Twiss themselves. The building of this device in astronomy thus renewed the old controversy about the nature of light. Later on, with the invention of lasers, the HBT experimental results played a role in developments leading to the creation of quantum optics and currently play a role in various...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-225–30 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.25
Published: 02 April 2020
... during the Cold War era. These included David DeVorkin s paper on early space research under military sponsorship, Hoddeson s on the Fermilab, Stuart W. Leslie s on military research at Stanford, Needell s on space research in universities, Seidel s on military laser R&D, and, mostly notably, Forman s on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... technologies such as the laser and transistor.7 Why did the tide suddenly turn in 1981 (with some articles likely written the previous year)? I do not have a comprehensive answer, but it is important to note that some do. Elsewhere in this special issue David Kaiser and Julia Menzel discuss Forman 1 and 2...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... Atomic Energy Commission to the new Department of Energy. Although the laboratory s main mission was still defense, at this point Livermore worked less on weapons and developed a more diversified program. Research with lasers was a particular focus, but Livermore physicists also collaborated with those...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
...- scope, the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array, and the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory which have afforded a remarkable power of sight into both macrocosmic processes and the elemen- tary particles that set the parameters for cosmic history, it was not ever thus.2 1. Derek...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484403–440 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.403
Published: 01 September 2018
... meteorology. . . . 6 The timeline was decided: a satellite equipped with a space altimeter would be launched in 1973. CNES engineers successively developed the Pre´liminaire a` EOLE (PEOLE), International Satellite Geodetic Experiment (ISAGEX), and Starlette satellites with laser tracking.7 French attempts...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473389–422 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.389
Published: 01 June 2017
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455631–640 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.631
Published: 01 November 2015
... reimagines this tradition by returning a measure of agency to the scientists involved. He builds on studies of laser research by Joan Bromberg and Robert Seidel to challenge some basic assumptions about how military patronage relationships func- tioned.29 Focusing on the distinctive social spaces such...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455703–757 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.703
Published: 01 November 2015
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452217–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.217
Published: 01 April 2015
... Research and Development Administration; EXAFS, Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure; FEL, free electron laser; Fermilab, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory; GeV, giga electron volts; HEP, high-energy physics; HEPL, High Energy Physics Laboratory (at Stanford University); LBL, Lawrence Berkeley...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 433243–280 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.3.243
Published: 01 June 2013
... illumination market. As new types of communication and consumer electronic devices emerged, gal- lium nitride technologists identified other markets for their diodes such as cell phones and blue lasers employed in compact disks. It was this market logic that drove research on gallium nitride for many decades...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432162–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.162
Published: 01 April 2013
..., and then only in the context of the redefinition of the foot as a derivative of metric length. 164 | K ER SHAW comparison. And the velocity of light standard of 1983 is described as resulting from another new technology of precision, the frequency stabilized laser.9 Practitioners at the Bureau...