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international-geophysical-year-igy

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 293–319.
Published: 01 June 2017
... informal- ity of erecting instruments on the sacred mountain Haleakala¯ during the International Geophysical Year.17 As University of Hawai i (UH) at Ma¯noa 13. On postwar American astronomy, see Ronald E. Doel, Solar System Astronomy in America: Communities, Patronage, and Interdisciplinary Research, 1920...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (4): 429–459.
Published: 01 September 2016
... Oceanograf´ a; IGY, International Geophysical Year; MAE, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Madrid; NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; SACLANT, Supreme Allied Command for the Atlantic; SACLANTCEN, NATO Anti-Submarine Warfare Research Center, La Spezia; TNA, The National Archives, United Kingdom; UNESCO...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (4): 283–321.
Published: 01 September 2012
..., Las Vegas, NV; DDE, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presi- dential Library, Abilene, KS; DNA, Defense Nuclear Agency, CIC/DOE; DOD, Department of Defense; IGY, International Geophysical Year; JCAE, Joint Committee on Atomic Energy; LLNL/ DOE, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory/Department of Energy Livermore...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 183–224.
Published: 01 May 2010
... collection in biology. It also helped to create a new mode of contemporary science of the Long Term Ecological Research (LTER Network), used by ecologists today. ©© 2010 by The Regents of the University of California Big Science International Geophysical Year (IGY) International Biological Program...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (1): 1–47.
Published: 01 February 2010
...; ICES, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea; IDOE, International Decade of Ocean Exploration; IGY, International Geophysical Year; IOC, Intergovernmental Oceano- graphic Commission; LTER, Long-Term Ecological Research; MSY, Maximum Sustainable Yield; NATO, North Atlantic Treaty...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 259–267.
Published: 01 May 2010
... sophisticated instru- mentation. In the 1950s, astronomer Fred Whipple fought hard to get scientists to appreciate how a vast network of amateur eyes could provide data as reliably as expensive telescopes or radio receivers. Expecting to put up a satellite during the International Geophysical Year (1957 58...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2007) 37 (2): 435–452.
Published: 01 March 2007
... old puzzle of the cause of ice ages. Perhaps it might also say something about global warming in future centuries. By fortunate chance, Revelle and Suess were able to command enough money to launch such a project. The International Geophysical Year (IGY, 1957 1958) was just being planned to give the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (2): 173–221.
Published: 01 May 2008
... (who considered weather modeling to be one of the most challenging tests for the electronic computer), and Lloyd Berkner (a key organizer of the International Geophysical Year), and their report urged serious consideration of a national effort in atmos- pheric research. A subsequent study by top...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2003) 33 (2): 237–260.
Published: 01 March 2003
.... Several other Pacific surveys followed that of the Shunkotsu Maru. The Ameri- cans conducted Operation Troll in 1955 and two others in 1956. The same year EQUAPAC, an international survey organized by the Japanese in which France and Peru participated, showed, as had the others, that water masses differ...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2000) 30 (2): 393–415.
Published: 01 January 2000
... orbit, of the dimensions and shape of the earth, and of irregularities in the earth's rotation."40 As the International Geophysical Year (IGY) approached, and then got underway, Markowitz' dual-rate moon-position cameras were described as the "key to continental positions." Twenty of these instruments...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1997) 27 (2): 319–356.
Published: 01 January 1997
... early United States space policy. A critique of the historiography of space (Bloomington, IN, 1991), 89–103, 176–177 Sydney Chapman, IGY: Year of discovery. The story of the international geophysical year (Ann Arbor, 1959), 101–102. 91 National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1999) 30 (1): 249–277.
Published: 01 January 1999
... national Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957-1958, and the 1958 Geneva Conference of Ex perts on a nuclear test ban illustrate the tension between international science and national security concerns. See Walter McDougall, The heavens and the earth: A political history of the space age (New York, 1985), 118-121...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1995) 25 (2): 185–239.
Published: 01 January 1995
... developments in the Soviet Union without creating an international uproar, Eisenhower wanted first to establish the precedent that outer space, unlike airspace, be considered international territory. Finding the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957 an ideal pretext, he decided to place his bet not on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1987) 18 (1): 89–109.
Published: 01 January 1987
... volume, and Alex Roland's bibliographical essay, "Science and war," Osiris, 1 (1985), 263-267. On the IGY, see W. Sullivan, Assault on the unknown: The international geophysical year (New York, 1961). 19. J.A. Van Allen, Origins of magnetospheric physics (Washington, D.C., 1983), 31 32; J.A. Simpson, A.A...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1987) 18 (1): 1–24.
Published: 01 January 1987
... Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, 97th Congress Kevles (ref. 33) Steven L. Rearden, The formative years, 1947–1950 (Washington, 1984) Alfred Goldberg, ed., History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, vol. 1 Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C., 1984...