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instrumentalism

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 293–319.
Published: 01 June 2017
...* Instruments of Science or Conquest? Neocolonialism and Modern American Astronomy ABSTRACT This essay is indebted to Mary Jo Nye s scholarship spanning the history and phi- losophy of the modern physical sciences, particularly her efforts to situate scientists within their social, political, and cultural...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 117–150.
Published: 01 April 2019
...Eugenio Bertozzi This paper retraces the biography of a milestone instrument in the history of physics—the cloud chamber—introduced by Charles Thomson Rees Wilson in 1911 and vastly adopted in successive studies on particle physics. It offers a comprehensive reading where the development of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 151–193.
Published: 01 April 2019
... article situates the discovery in the sort of explanatory context more familiar from histories of Cold War nuclear and electronics research, where funds flowed freely across a broad front of institutions and subject fields, underwriting innovation and exchange, and incentivizing the instrumentalization of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (3): 190–234.
Published: 01 June 2012
...Chen-Pang Yeang While the discovery of the ionosphere through wireless communications technology in the mid-1920s had built a close connection between atmospheric science and radio, the full-fledged use of radio waves as a geophysical probe did not start until an instrumental development occurred a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 403–440.
Published: 01 September 2018
... platform of instruments able to meet an ensemble of varied needs. Battery failures just before the launch of the joint mission meant that the mission had to focus on the essentials (notably El Niño effects). Subsequently, the discovery of a significant rise in sea levels due to global warming resulted in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2009) 39 (4): 418–443.
Published: 01 November 2009
... would come to include over three hundred instruments of both American and European manufacture, was the attempt by Barnard, born and educated in the North, to bring Big Science to the South and challenge the dominance of Northern schools in science education. In this respect it failed, and the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (3): 325–352.
Published: 01 August 2008
...Joan Lisa Bromberg Historians tracing the development of research into the foundations of quantum mechanics have yet to factor in the role of new scientific instrumentation. Yet physicists repeatedly stress its importance when they write about recent work. This paper looks at two experiments done...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 70–103.
Published: 01 February 2019
... state. In this context, consensus became associated with depersonalized and objective knowledge. As it reinforces the notion of a divide between science and politics, consensus has remained an instrumental part of the relationship between the NRC and its patrons. © 2019 by The Regents of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
... computational statistics data mining data sciences big data pattern recognition instrumentalism Leo Breiman MATTHEW L. JONES* How We Became Instrumentalists (Again): Data Positivism since World War II ABSTRACT In the last two decades, a highly instrumentalist form of statistical and machine learning...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 302–310.
Published: 28 May 2020
... Sen . Astronomy in India, 1784–1876 . London : Pickering & Chatto , 2014 . xiii + 268 pp., illus., index. ISBN 978-1-781-44078-0 . $99.00 (hardcover). Pankaj Sekhsaria . Instrumental Lives: An Intimate Biography of an Indian Laboratory . Abingdon : Routledge , 2018 . xxii + 126...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... Wataghin scientific transnationalism Brazil cosmic rays scientific instruments education, university HERA´CLIO D. TAVARES, ALEXANDRE BAGDONAS, AND ANTONIO A. P. VIDEIRA* Transnationalism as Scientific Identity: Gleb Wataghin and Brazilian Physics, 1934 1949 ABSTRACT This analysis of the scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (4): 459–493.
Published: 01 September 2017
... instrumentation, providing new experimental opportunities and uniting disciplinarily disparate research activities around common goals, as crucial in the process. Also, the role of entrepreneurially minded individuals is evident in the story: materials science was developed in Sweden largely by a new generation...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (5): 389–431.
Published: 01 November 2012
... variety of interpretive strategies. Their choice of strategies depended upon what task they were trying to perform, and what instrument they were using. It is argued that different strategies could be employed using the same instrument, that the same strategy could be used with different instruments, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... computational deci- sion making; deployed in systems of vigilance, it is the groundwork of surveil- lance regimes. And, of course, a tide of data is seen as washing over the sciences. Scientists are pervasively instrumenting whatever can imaginably be instrumented, creating systems of data collection and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 5–10.
Published: 02 April 2020
... recruitment, training, and employment of the members of the sciences. They might compare methods, concepts and instruments. They might compare the growth of specialist societies, academic posts, research facilities and other institutional factors. They might look at the boundaries of the knowledge domains of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 209–216.
Published: 02 April 2020
... California Press s Reprints and Permissions web page, httpswww. ucpress.edu/journals/reprints-permissions. DOI: httpsdoi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209. the universe. These new instruments and discoveries, in turn, justified the expansion of a sprawling system of national laboratories. In 1993, the story...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 58–66.
Published: 02 April 2020
... (1989): 107 78; and Nielsen, Another Kind of Light . . . , Part 2, HSPS, 21, no. 2 (1991): 317 97. 62 | P ANCALD I the life sciences ca. 1800, and attributed a distinct place to experimenters and instrument makers such as Volta and Nicholson.13 The pages of HSPS, as it was still referred to, rarely...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 74–80.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... Heilbron, Foreword (ref. 5), ii. 8. Timothy Lenoir, Models and Instruments in the Development of Electrophysiology, 1845 1912, HSPS 17, no. 1 (1986): 1 54. 9. Heilbron, Foreword, HSPS 16, no. 1 (1986): i. In that issue, Daniel Kevles was listed as Associate Editor for Twentieth-century science in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... briskly replaces the quantitative idiom with a language of morality, concluding that Cold War physicists in the United States had fallen prey to their own false consciousness : On the one hand they focused so narrowly on immediate cognitive goals of their work as to miss its instrumental significance...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 41–49.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Chemistry, 1905 1917, HSNS 47, no. 4 (2017): 494 528; Leandra Swanner, Instruments of Science or Conquest? Neocolonialism and Modern American Astronomy, HSNS 47, no. 3 (2017): 293 319. 18. David Edgerton, The Shock of the Old: Technology and Global History since 1900 (London: Profile Books, 2006...