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idealism

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
..., the Martian and Panamanian canal narratives intersected at points that reveal mutual values relating to the use of political rhetoric in science and the idealization of science and scientists. Some of those shared values include the dichotomy of old and new, the emphasis on technoscientific progress...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
... of American masculinity. Adding to the challenge, if mathemati- cians encoded their professional identity in the ideal of modern abstraction, it would require different forms of gendering than mathematics learned through the military or other applied fields. The section Mathematics and Manhood...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... ideal to be attained, took concrete measures to actualize, and passed on to his students during his years at the head of the Department of Physics that he created at the University of Sa o Paulo (Universidade de Sa o Paulo, USP). Analyses of human relationships within the boundaries of nation-states...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
... ideal, synthetic construct of concepts and theorems that ultimately encompass all physical phenomena. One could then ask about the bidirectional connections between worldviews and worldpictures, each conditioning and conditioned by the other. At the same time, one could ask about the relation between...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... applied physics switched from the name solid state to condensed matter when describing their subfield, in part to emphasize intellectual achievements in advancing the fundamental understanding of the complex behavior of liquids as well as solids. At the same time, as Martin makes clear, the ideal of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-267–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.67
Published: 02 April 2020
... dioxide. He addressed the issue of the increasing politicization of some scientific decisions, regretting the unequalled rise to power in America of right-wing anti-intellectual anti-elite attitudes. 16 Weart himself, by defending an ideal of disinterested scientific expertise, had now directly joined...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... their aim.15 My view, then, is that there is so much more engineering and technology in HSNS than there was inHSPS not so much due to the ascendance of post-1980 13. David A. Hounshell, Edison and the Pure Science Ideal in 19th-Century America, Science 207, no. 4431 (1980): 612 17. 14. Steven Shapin...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... that overgrazing and poor farming practices had deteriorated the Western grasslands, they also assessed farming and grazing practices to determine how the land should be used.13 Nebraska, where Clements had completed his doctoral training, was the ideal laboratory to attune ecologists to unfavorable...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2183–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.183
Published: 02 April 2020
... our infantile and literary fascination for monsters into a clinical matter. The change from teratology to dysmorphology meant a relocation of emphasis, from struc- ture to function. Ideal anatomies and bodies have not disappeared from our culture, imposing certain models and causing discrimination to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
... fight against physical idealism, but in chemistry. The situation in chemistry was entirely unlike that in biology and physics, where the Communist Party was leading ideological campaigns against progressive trends in science, accusing scientists of idealism, formalism, and servility before the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465669–709 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.669
Published: 01 November 2016
... these undertakings in the mechanics and ideals of twentieth-century scientific colonialism, development, and modernization. I explain how the seemingly nontechnical bases for such exchanges related to the specific mathematics being taught and researched by accounting for the particular success of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... objects down to about 250 nm, and then only under ideal conditions.1 In hindsight the cell membrane was essentially invis- ible until the 1930s, when x-ray diffraction and polarized light microscopy were used to provide indirect signs of its existence and structure. Even as the electron microscope s a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... creation of these diasporic islands meant that the values and ideals volunteers had brought with them from principles of organization, to notions of leadership, to soldierly identity and sociality could shape the - W. Norton & Company, 2017). See also Roberta Grossman, dir., Above and Beyond (Playmount...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493338–349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.338
Published: 01 June 2019
... progression and the important role of self-disciplined individuals in driving Russia s mod- ernization. Appealed by the significance of science and the notions that repre- sented scientific knowledge production, namely, rationality and discipline, the BOOK REV I EWS | 339 thinking proletariat the ideal...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... interpretation of the cate- gory of fact, which corresponded on crucial points, reveals the strong connec- tion between the scholarly ideals and practices of the physicist Lichtenberg and the historian Schlo¨zer. FACTS IN THE GO¨TTINGEN SCHOOL OF HISTORY August Ludwig Schlo¨zer and Johann Christoph Gattterer...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493241–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.241
Published: 01 June 2019
... improve productivity, since Algerian workers would still prefer taking time for sunbathing (boire le soleil) to earning extra money. Robert advocated instead expert surveillance and enhanced discipline, ideally funded by the colonial government. The Arboriculture Service had begun a pilot program for...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
..., and portable professional ideal was articulated.44 Ironically, the power of location was mobilized by both Ershov and Knuth to create a mythologized past for the new discipline. Searching for the ancient roots of algorithm acquired an important significance for spelling out the algorithmic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... modern fundamental theoretical physics, but if the experimenter contents himself with asking how they happen, then these pictures, and the attached commentaries, are an ideal guide to the world of elementary particles.4 In the wake of its predecessor,5 the second volume of the atlas is a collection of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019