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global-warming

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (1): 109–152.
Published: 01 February 2008
... the early 1980s, a consensus emerged among climate scientists that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels would lead to mean global warming of 2––3°°C, probably by the mid-twenty-first century, and would have serious deleterious effects, including sea level rise of at least...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1997) 27 (2): 319–356.
Published: 01 January 1997
... historical climatology," in Pearson, Climate and evolution (London, 1978), chapt. 2 Stephen Schneider and Randi S. Londer, The co-evolution of climate and life (San Francisco, 1984) Spencer R. Weart, "The discovery of the risk of global warming," Physics today, 50:1 (Jan 1997), 34–40. 5 Paul Forman...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 403–440.
Published: 01 September 2018
... platform of instruments able to meet an ensemble of varied needs. Battery failures just before the launch of the joint mission meant that the mission had to focus on the essentials (notably El Niño effects). Subsequently, the discovery of a significant rise in sea levels due to global warming resulted in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2007) 37 (2): 435–452.
Published: 01 March 2007
...Spencer R. Weart C.D. Keeling's measurements of the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere since 1957, tracking a rise that threatens global warming, form one of the most important scienti.c data sets ever created. Yet the relatively small funding Keeling required was rarely secure. He...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 3–25.
Published: 01 September 2006
..., from 1946 to 1978 involved ““cloud seeding,”” commercial rainmaking, and the attempted weaponization of the clouds. Recently, discussion of weather and climate modification has returned to the science-policy agenda, framed as seemingly inevitable responses to killer storms and global warming. The long...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 67–73.
Published: 02 April 2020
... entitled Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50, edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. In 1997, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences (HSPS) put global warming on the agenda for historians. An article by Spencer Weart deplored the complete absence of studies of the greenhouse...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 311–322.
Published: 28 May 2020
... instance where science and religion complemented each other for the wrong reasons (221). The closing chapter suggests that the crisis of global warming has its roots in both science (led by postwar industrialization) and religion (led by the belief that humans have dominion over the earth) because both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010). 12. Janet Martin-Nielsen, Computing the Climate: When Models Became Political, HSNS 48, no. 2 (2018): 223 45; Evan Hepler-Smith, A Way of Thinking Backwards : Computing and Method in Synthetic Organic Chemistry, HSNS 48, no. 3 (2018): 300 37...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 90–128.
Published: 02 April 2020
... posited that there were global climatic cycles that correlated to the waxing and waning of various civilizations. 34. A. E. Douglass, A Method of Estimating Rainfall by the Growth of Trees, Bulletin of the American Geographical Society 46, no. 5 (1914): 321 35, on 321. 35.Donald J. McGraw, Andrew...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
..., thereby, constituted a conscious effort to delegitimize an emerging scientific consensus about anthro- pogenic global warming, this scholarly debate overlooks a key dimension in the evolution of American climate policy during the late 1970s and early 1980s.6 Historians have yet to evaluate how scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 194–225.
Published: 01 April 2019
... nation-state, with approaches from Critical Algorithm Studies, to question the algorithm’s role in the global “computer revolution.” It traces the algorithm’s trajectory across several geographical, political, and discursive spaces to argue that its mutable cultural valences made the algorithm a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 549–556.
Published: 01 November 2018
... to 2. Paul Edwards, A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010); Hallam Stevens, Life out of Sequence: A Data- Driven History of Bioinformatics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013); Sabina Leonelli, Data-Centric Biology: A...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 557–567.
Published: 01 November 2018
... Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010), 84; Paul N. Edwards, Matthew S. Mayernik, Archer L. Batcheller, Geoffrey C. Bowker, and Christine L. Borgman, Science Friction: Data, Metadata, and Collaboration, Social Studies of Science 41, no. 5 (Oct 2011): 669. | 557 Historical Studies in the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
.../MIT Press, 1996), 1 34. 25. Compare computation and data friction as discussed in Paul Edwards, A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010). 26.Matthew L. Jones, Querying the Archive: Database Mining from Apriori to Page-Rank, in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 223–245.
Published: 01 April 2018
... Climate Modeling WIREs Climate Change 2 (2011): 128 39; Paul N. Edwards, A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010); Spencer Weart, The Development of General Circulation Models of Climate Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 180–222.
Published: 01 April 2018
... for the visual inspection of the vegetational cover, although with restrictions.2 Troll 1. Peder Anker, Imperial Ecology: Environmental Order in the British Empire (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001); Sebastian Grevsmu¨hl, La terre vue d en haut: L invention de l environnement global...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 110–122.
Published: 01 February 2018
... that knowledge and technology, applied with wisdom, might allow for a good, or even great, Anthropocene12 They also possess a blind faith that human inventiveness will be capable of overcoming any obstacle global warming, ocean acidification, or mass extinction. Stemming from this ontology, geoen...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 24–55.
Published: 01 February 2018
... and the failure of early climate models. For more about the problems and failures of early climate modeling, see Spencer Weart, The Discovery of Global Warming, rev. ed. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008), chap. 1; and Kristine Harper,Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (4): 578–587.
Published: 01 September 2017
... rising temperatures, as they are warming at double (Alps) and even triple (Rocky Mountains) the average global rate. Thus, Price concludes, the most remote environments on earth are both where the clearest evidence of climate change is being tallied and where the most devastating effects are being felt...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 268–292.
Published: 01 June 2017
... and language, in whose creation his discoveries have played almost no role.23 Throughout his life, Duhem was renowned not just for his true scientific brilliance, but also for his firm beliefs, sharp tongue, and occasional arrogant sarcasm. Although invariably warm and generous to those around him, he...