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genetics

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
...Jaehwan Hyun This article examines the interaction between human population genetics and the reconstruction of national identities and histories. Since the first use of mitochondrial DNA analysis of human origins in 1987, scientific research on population history using genetic technologies, or...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473349–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.349
Published: 01 June 2017
... who served as public scientists or the role gender played in gaining public trust and influencing policy makers. This paper examines two women, both trained in genetics, who became activists in the 1950s and 1960s to educate the public about the dangers radiation and wartime chemicals posed to the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 47176–106 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.1.76
Published: 01 February 2017
... unions, both for producing and distributing varieties of cork oak and for controlling the seeds and plants forest owners used. Portugal played a very special role in the international development of Mediterranean forest genetics during the first half of the twentieth century. Forestry genetics were...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 4511–13 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.1
Published: 01 February 2015
...María Jesús Santesmases; Edna Suárez-Díaz © 2015 by the Regents of the University of California 2015 MARI´A JESU´S SANTESMASES AND EDNA SUA´REZ-DI´AZ* A Cell-Based Epistemology: Human Genetics in the Era of Biomedicine The compilation of papers included in this special Issue of Historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 451147–173 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.147
Published: 01 February 2015
...Ana Barahona In this paper, I explore the origins of medical cytogenetic knowledge and practices in the 1960s and 1970s in Mexico, focusing on the work of the group headed by Salvador Armendares, who spent two years in Oxford, England, with human genetics expert Alan C. Stevenson. Upon Armendares...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404429–456 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.429
Published: 01 November 2010
...Bernd Gausemeier During the Third Reich, the biological institutes of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (KWG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft) underwent a substantial reorganization and modernization. This paper discusses the development of projects in the fields of biochemical genetics, virus research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404419–428 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.419
Published: 01 November 2010
.... Please direct all requests for permission to photocopy or reproduce article content through the Univer- sity of California Press s Rights and Permissions website, httpwww.ucpressjournals.com/reprintinfo. asp. DOI: 10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.419. TIAGO SARAIVA AND M. NORTON WISE Autarky/Autarchy: Genetics...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404499–531 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.499
Published: 01 November 2010
...Lino Camprubíí This paper aims to show the links between rice genetics and the corporatist political economy of early Francoism. After investigating the transition from prewar rice producers' associations to a new federation embedded in a vertical union, I identify three main novelties of the new...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 393367–376 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.3.367
Published: 01 August 2009
...Myles W. Jackson ©© 2009 by The Regents of the University of California Parthasarathy Shobita . Building Genetic Medicine: Breast Cancer, Technology, and the Comparative Politics of Health Care . Cambridge, MA : MIT Press , 2007 . x + 271 pp., illus. ISBN 978-0-262-16242-5. $35.00...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 393300–355 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.3.300
Published: 01 August 2009
...Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis This paper explores the research and administrative efforts of Ernest Brown Babcock, head of the Division of Genetics in the College of Agriculture at the University of California, Berkeley, the first academic unit so named in the United States. It explores the rationale...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 4811–23 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.1
Published: 01 February 2018
...Matthew Holmes Somatic hybridization is the particle collider of the biological world: where plant cells stripped of their cell wall are fused to create interspecific crosses containing a huge range of genetic information. This paper charts the origins of somatic hybridization and its rise and fall...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 451174–197 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.174
Published: 01 February 2015
...Andrew J. Hogan Historians of science, reflecting the disciplinary divides of their actors, have largely examined cytogenetics and molecular biology in separate contributions. In recent years, however, as the historical analysis of postwar genetics has begun to shift toward a focus on the late...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454549–576 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.549
Published: 01 September 2015
... Mendelian genetics, the idea that careful breeding of thoroughbreds would result in improved horses resonated with Americans worried about racial degeneration. Scientists committed to racial ideologies looked to thoroughbreds—whose owners and breeders maintained extensive pedigree records—to understand the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
... history problems informed his scientific career as he sought to capture the variations he recognized in the natural populations. He used graphical tools to examine hybridization as an evolutionary mechanism and to use the taxonomic data from these variations to study the underlying genetic forces at work...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404532–568 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.532
Published: 01 November 2010
...Christophe Bonneui; Frederic Thomas This article argues that "genetic modernism" in seeds was simultaneously a technoscientific and a political project that materialized under wartime Vichy's proto-fascist regime and that contributed to shaping and legitimizing Vichy as a "planner state." The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 45149–84 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.49
Published: 01 February 2015
... chromosomes and called it the “sex chromatin.” This hypothesis inspired the development of the chromatin into a technology that could indicate “chromosomal” or “genetic” sex, which supposedly established male and female sex difference as a binary and fundamental characteristic of humans and other animals at...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 451115–146 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.115
Published: 01 February 2015
... questions surrounding it by considering the chromosome images it contained. Paying attention to the images, including especially the photomicrograph that has come to represent the new chromosome count, offers the opportunity to study the history of an iconic image of genetics. In the course of this history...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2004; 342207–232 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2004.34.2.207
Published: 01 March 2004
...UTE DEICHMANN ABSTRACT: Avery's et al.'s 1944 paper provides the first direct evidence of DNA having gene-like properties and marks the beginning of a new phase in early molecular genetics (with a strong focus on chemistry and DNA). The study of its reception shows that on the whole, Avery's...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 45114–48 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.14
Published: 01 February 2015
... against the health hazards of ionizing radiation. Radiological protection guidelines focused on preventing the somatic effects of radiation—leukemia, cancer, and life-shortening—for which experts postulated a safety threshold. By contrast, the genetic effects of ionizing radiation on an individual’s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444364–412 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.364
Published: 01 September 2014
... biophysical research developed at Chicago, and how the IRB formed the locus for early work in photosynthesis, phage genetics, and nucleic acid chemistry. The discontinuation of this institution in 1954 did not, however, terminate such work, but led to its dispersal into other entities within the university...