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friedrich-hund

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455641–702 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.641
Published: 01 November 2015
... making problem solving quantum theory quantum mechanics quantum statistics quantum chemistry molecular physics molecular structure Max Born Werner Heisenberg Friedrich Hund J. Robert Oppenheimer Walter Heitler Fritz London JEREMIAH JAMES AND CHRISTIAN JOAS* Subsequent and Subsidiary...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434391–452 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.391
Published: 01 September 2013
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 394377–417 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.4.377
Published: 01 November 2009
... = 0.1 nm = 10 10 m). During the following couple of decades dozens of researchers, many of them amateurs, extended the auroral spectrum and determined the wavelengths of its lines with greater precision. Among the scientists who engaged in this line of observational research were Karl Friedrich Zöllner...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 39132–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.1.32
Published: 01 February 2009
... individuality. But they did not adopt the mo- lecular orbital method either, an alternative way of approximating the molec- ular orbital as a linear combination of atomic orbitals that had been developed by John Edward Lennard-Jones, Robert S. Mulliken, and Friedrich Hund around 1930.38 Instead of using atomic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2007; 372337–354 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2007.37.2.337
Published: 01 March 2007
... discussions in Copenhagen that raised serious doubts about the existence of a neutron core in any star for which both the luminosity and mass had been observed. Bohr referred specifically to major review articles by Friedrich Hund on the thermodynamics of ultradense matter and Bengt Strömgren on stellar...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1999; 292363–406 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757814
Published: 01 January 1999
.... Mulliken, Life of a scientist—An autobiographical account of the development of molecular orbital theory with an introductory memoir by Friedrich Hund, ed. B.J. Ransil (Berlin, 1989), on 86-87. 26 C.A. Coulson, "Recent developments in valence theory," Symposium, "Fifty years of valence theory," PAC...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1995; 252269–300 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757746
Published: 01 January 1995
... experimentalists worked together with the theoretical physicists within the framework of quantum theory. The joint appointment of Born and Franck to Gottingen in 1921 opened this new age in the history of physics there. Friedrich Hund vividly recalled the situation:25 In May '22 a student gave a lecture on the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1994; 25147–110 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757735
Published: 01 January 1994
... introductory memoir by Friedrich Hund, ed. B.J. Ransil (Berlin, 1989). 16 Kemble et al. (ref. 13), 238. 17 Arnold Sommerfeld, Atomic structure and spectral lines, trans. Henry L. Brose (New York, 1923) Irving Langmuir, "The arrangement of electrons in atoms and molecules," JACS, 41 (1919), 868–934...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1994; 242237–263 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757724
Published: 01 January 1994
... choose Farkas to be his personal assistant. In 1929, a new field in physical chemistry opened when Bonhoeffer and Paul Harteck isolated one of two different forms of molecular hydrogen whose existence Werner Heisenberg and Friedrich Hund had suggested in 1927.24 Heisenberg proposed that in analogy to the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1992; 222339–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757685
Published: 01 January 1992
... group of National Socialist scientists who attempted to seize control of Ger man physics. As Heisenberg's colleague in Leipzig, Friedrich Hund, explained to their rector, the specific purpose of the attack was to abort the call to a professorship at the University of Munich, which Heisenberg wanted very...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1988; 182349–375 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757606
Published: 01 January 1988
...' experimentally determined magneton. In 1925, developments in quantum theory and spectroscopy, together with the formulation of an empirical law by Friedrich Hund, led for the first time to plausible calculated values for magnetic moments within ions. Hund used the quantum formula x = Ng2nlJ(J+l)/3kT, which...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1989; 192403–413 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757629
Published: 01 January 1989
..., 1988. xiii, 586 p. Hund, Friedrich. Die Geschichte der G?ttinger Physik. G?ttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1987. 75 p.: illus. (G?ttinger Universit?tsreden, 80.) Iaglom, Isaak Moiseevich. Felix Klein and Sophus Lie: Evolution of the idea of symmetry in the nineteenth century. Ed. Hardy Grant and Abe...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1987; 172191–233 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757582
Published: 01 January 1987
... Sommerfeld, 16 May 1929 (WP, 1, 503). 104 Heisenberg to Pauli, 1 Aug 1929 (WP, 1, 517). 106 Heisenberg Nachlass (AHQP, 45/7) "Vorlesungsverzeichnis," PZ, 33 (1932), 790 F. Hund, "WissenSchaftliches Tagebuch," Deutsches Museum. 107 Sommerfeld to Markwald (Deutsche Chemische Gesellschaft...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1984; 142317–355 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757536
Published: 01 January 1984
... Frenkel," Uspekhifizicheskikh nauk, 76 (1962), 397–401. 45 J. G. Crowther, Soviet science (Harmondsworth, 1936), 41. 46 Frenkel, Ioffe (ref. 10), 14. 47 Abram F. Ioffe, Vstrechi zjizikami (Moscow, 1960), 141. 48 Friedrich Hund, "Höhepunkte der Göttinger Physik," PB, 25 (1969), 145–163...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1987; 172235–270 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757583
Published: 01 January 1987
... and Carl Voit, "Über die Producte der Respiration des Hundes bei Fleischnährung und über die Gleichung der Einnahmen und Ausgaben des Körpers dabei," Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie, suppl. vol. 2, 1863, 361–377. 49 Carl Vogt, "Untersuchungen über die Absonderung des Harnstoffs und deren...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1986; 162371–377 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757570
Published: 01 January 1986
... of modern geography: An annotated bibliography of selected works. New York: Garland Publications, 1985. xvi, 386 p., [8] p. of plates: ill. Gardner, Howard. The mind's new science: A history of the cognitive revolution. New York: Basic Books, 1985. xv, 423 p. Gauss, Carl Friedrich. Mathematisches...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1981; 121117–160 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757491
Published: 01 January 1981
..., 64 (1921), 513-540 66 (1921), 546-558 72 (1923), 345-352. Jammer, Quantum mechanics (ref. 74), 250-251. 88 M. Born, 17 Oct 1962 J. Franck, 12 Jul 1962 F. Hund, 25 Jun 1963 (AHQP). 89 R. Minkowski and H. Sponer, "Ober den Durchgang von Elektronen duch Atome," Ergebnisse der exakten...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1979; 10187–224 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757390
Published: 01 January 1979
.... There is no evidence that Heisenberg or Land? knew of the suggestion before 1922. Friedrich Hund dis cusses only the Roschdestwensky work in his account of multiplet structure before Land? (ibid.) (Geschichte der Quantentheorie [Mannheim, 1967], pp. 89-90). 21The "magneto-mechanical effects" indicated...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1979; 10123–186 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757389
Published: 01 January 1979
... Bohr, Göttingen lectures (BSC), 21 June 1922. 68 H. A. Kramers, "Das Korrespondenzprinzip und der Schalenbau des Atoms," Naturwissenschaften, 27 (1923), 550–559. 69 F. Hund, Geschichte der Quantentheorie (Mannheim, 1967), 94–103 J. L. Heilbron, "A His- tory of the Problem of Atomic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1974; 43–38 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757326
Published: 01 January 1974
... naturwissenschaftliche Zeitalter," Idee und Wirklichkeit einer Universität. Documente zur Geschichte der Friedrich- Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin, ed. Wilhelm Weischedel, 2 vols. (Berlin, 1960), 2, 420 Eden and Cedar Paul, Treitschke's History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century, 4 vols. (London, 1918), 4, 568-569...