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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475589–601 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.589
Published: 01 November 2017
...Lynn K. Nyhart; Florence Vienne © 2017 by the Regents of the University of California 2017 LYNN K. NYHART* AND FLORENCE VIENNE Introduction to Special Issue: Revolutionary Politics and Biological Organization in Nineteenth-Century France and Germany Nineteenth-century Europe was riven with...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493241–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.241
Published: 01 June 2019
..., population, and economy. The French regime enrolled Algerian fruit in biopolitical interventions on rural ways of life in Algeria and urban standards of living in France. Technical manuals written by state-affiliated agronomists articulated racial distinctions between French settlers and Algerian peasants...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404532–568 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.532
Published: 01 November 2010
... towards superseding a nexus of biocultural crop evolutionary processes under farmers' management with centralized planning of genetic progress. This turned Vichy France into a huge biopolitical laboratory. It also left major legacies in the post––World War II decades. ©© 2010 by The Regents of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 402225–258 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.2.225
Published: 01 May 2010
...Pierre Teissier This paper tells the history of solid-state chemistry in France from 1945 to the present. There, the chemical study of solids was carried out by a national, academic community of solid-state chemists, which went through three successive organizational regimes. It was first framed by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475653–677 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.653
Published: 01 November 2017
...Marion Thomas In this paper, I examine the intertwined science, politics, and religion of a major figure of nineteenth-century French biology, the Parisian professor of histology Charles Robin (1821–1885). Historiography generally associates his name with France’s rejection of the cell theory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484403–440 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.403
Published: 01 September 2018
... Antonio Machado, 31058, Toulouse Cedex 9, France; jerome.lamy@laposte.net. The following abbreviations are used: CLS, Collecte Localisation Satellites; CNES, Centre National d E´tudes Spatiales; ENSO, El Nin o Southern Oscillation; GPS, Global Positioning System; GRGS, Groupe de Recherche en Ge´ode´sie...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473268–292 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.268
Published: 01 June 2017
... for a fresh perspective on an understanding of Duhem’s philosophy of science. We show, inter alia, that he closely followed the work and ideas of the principal champion of atomist-structural chemistry in France, Adolphe Wurtz, while also strongly condemning the work of the leader of the anti-atomist...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463392–427 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.392
Published: 01 June 2016
... conception of disciplinary formation through leadership transfers in research among France, Germany, and Britain. This focus has provided the history of physics with a periodization, a geography, and a fundamental goal commonly considered to be conceptual and theoretical unification. In this paper, I suggest...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1998; 282301–336 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757797
Published: 01 January 1998
... 329. 60 Bibliotheque de l'lnstitut de France, MSS 2222, 72–73. 61 Franklin to Perkins, 13 Aug 1752 in Smyth (ref. 29), 3, 96 Franklin to abte Soulavie, 22 Sep 1782, ibid., 8, 597–603, on 601 Franklin to unknown correspondent, 14 June 1783, ibid., 9, 52–53. 62 Franklin (ref. 18), 214...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475629–652 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.629
Published: 01 November 2017
..., humankind, society, and the role of religion in science. This essay is part of a special issue entitled REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS AND BIOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY FRANCE AND GERMANY edited by Lynn K. Nyhart and Florence Vienne. © 2017 by the Regents of the University of California 2017...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475602–628 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.602
Published: 01 November 2017
... REVOLUTIONARY POLITICS AND BIOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY FRANCE AND GERMANY edited by Lynn K. Nyhart and Florence Vienne. © 2017 by the Regents of the University of California 2017 analogy and metaphor in science Carl Vogt revolutions of 1848 biological individuality animal states...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463360–391 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.360
Published: 01 June 2016
... figures of Clausius and Williamson legitimized and valorized investigations at the borderlands of physics and chemistry in a context of increased specialization. *Centre Franc¸ois Vie`te, Universite´ de Nantes, 2 rue de la Houssinie`re BP 92208 Ba timent 25, UFR Sciences et Techniques Nantes cedex 3...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1992; 23135–152 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757692
Published: 01 January 1992
... service des poudres et salpetres en France, 2 vols., 1st vol. text; 2nd plates (1811). 6 Rapport à la Convention, le 13 brumaire an 2 (3 Nov 1793), Archives parlemen- taires, Premiere Serie, LXXVIII (1911), 207–217, on 211. 7 Michelle Sadoun—Goupil, Le chimiste, Claude—Louis Berthollet, 1748...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465669–709 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.669
Published: 01 November 2016
... Uruguay, Leopoldo Nachbin of Brazil, and Laurent Schwartz of France. The interlocking efforts of mathematicians and bureaucrats in universities, governments, philanthropies, and new postwar formations like the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization to build mathematical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... 231; Robert Fox, The Rise and Fall of Laplacian Physics, HSPS 4 (1974): 89 136; Henry Guerlac, Chemistry as a Branch of Physics: Laplace s Collaboration with Lavoisier, HSPS 7 (1976): 193 276. 4. Eugene Frankel, J. B. Biot and the Mathematization of Experimental Physics in Napo- leonic France...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-211–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.11
Published: 02 April 2020
... University of Jerusalem and then the University of Chicago. His magnum opus figuratively speaking: it was under 200 pages compared the structures of science in Eng- land, Germany, and France (among others) unfavorably with that of the United States. It served as an inspiration for a generation of historians...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2199–208 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.199
Published: 02 April 2020
... the front lines in Italy, France, and Germany. In addition, their units made occasional expeditions to what was still enemy territory to secure valuable resources this included records, equipment, and scientists. Goudsmit was a good (but also suspect) candidate for the job because the Dutch-American...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-217–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.17
Published: 02 April 2020
... scientific advance- ment, the historicist philosophers in the 1970s and 1980s had little use for studies of Weimar Culture of physics, Cambridge Mathematics, Prussian Chemistry, Experimental Physics in Napoleonic France, or the birth of Caltech. In turn, those professional historians of science who were...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... the Era of Biomedicine, HSNS 45 (2015): 1 97; Revolutionary Politics and Biological Organization in Nineteenth- Century France and Germany, HSNS 47 (2017): 589 677. 22. Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, The Plant Drosophila : E. B. Babcock, the Genus Crepis, and the Evolution of a Genetics Research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1986; 16159–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757557
Published: 01 January 1986
... milieux transparents," CR, 30 (1850), 551-560. 4 A. Comte, The positive philosophy, trans. H. Martineau [1855] (New York, 1974), 240. 5 C.C. Gillespie, Science and polity in France at the end of the old regime (Princeton, 1980), 196. 6 M.G. Bigourdan, "Le Bureau des Longitudes. Son histoire...