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fluid-dynamics

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 475–525.
Published: 01 September 2018
...Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze This paper investigates scientific, institutional, and political conflict and collaboration between two different disciplines in the first part of the 20th century: applied mathematics and fluid dynamics. It argues for the catalytic role of Richard von Mises (1883–1953...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 58–66.
Published: 02 April 2020
... s essay on The Fluid Concept of Fact and the Common Origins of German Physics and Historiography. 22 Sepkoski and Tamborini explore how nineteenth-century paleontology adopted the techniques of visual representation of the timeline developed in the eighteenth century to concep- tualize collective...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 504–555.
Published: 01 November 2019
... respiration physiology in the 1840s.50 In the 1840s and 50s, he tried to repeat that success in liquids, only to be lost in what his biographer called a wilderness of facts about fluids, diffusion, and osmosis.51 Attempting to move forward, Graham set up a simple experiment, whereby [a] sheet of very thin...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
... evolved understand- ing of models (and climate) prior to their application. Joseph Smagorinsky, a well-respected meteorologist and head of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory in Princeton, New Jersey, expressed his own optimism that the future could be adequately understood in approximately ten...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 300–337.
Published: 01 June 2019
... physics and historiography. During this process of discipline formation, the concept of fact remained fluid. I reveal this fluidity by unearthing different interpretations and roles of facts in different German contexts around 1800. I demonstrate how a fact-based epistemology emerged at the University of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 1–40.
Published: 01 February 2019
... the analogous problem of determining the intensities of the reflected and the transmitted sound waves at the surface of two elastic fluids in a cylindrical pipe. Yet, Poisson followed a different deduction based on the dynamic laws of elasticity. After he had deduced the intensities, however, he...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 390–401.
Published: 01 June 2018
... fuzzy and fluid disciplinary borders that allegedly separate disciplines. Furthermore, expanding the focus means also seeing natural history as a kind of technoscience: as a discipline in which science and technology cannot be separated. Indeed, following the insights of Ursula Klein, Bernadette...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 223–245.
Published: 01 April 2018
... and Corby spent much of the mid-to-late 1960s crisscrossing the Atlantic to use computers at the IBM complex in Poughkeepsie, New York, and at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) in Princeton, New Jersey. Accompanied by David Dent, one of the Meteorological Office s best programmers, the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 123–179.
Published: 01 April 2018
... techniques, but also that perhaps gravity did not provide the entire picture and had to be supple- mented by other physical hypotheses, for example, the existence of an all- pervasive imponderable fluid, whose action had to be added to planetary perturbations. Since the early 1740s, Leonhard Euler was among...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 24–55.
Published: 01 February 2018
... omitted the pilot wave theory and any reference to the fluid interpretational debates of the past. Over the next two decades, quantum interpretational debates found themselves on the fringe of the physics com- munity s discourse, primarily due to the success of pragmatically applying quantum mechanics...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 56–109.
Published: 01 February 2018
... visual convention the image of data as graphical narrative was his most striking singular contribu- tion, but it was developed in a fluid context where a variety of distinctive practices and visual cultures some of which have not been linked in previous scholarship in the history of statistics and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (5): 653–677.
Published: 01 November 2017
... for the integrity of life, as the organism, produced through the interactions of its parts. In his theory of the organization of life, body fluids were no longer understood as accessory parts but as the main loci of the molecular exchanges between formed anatomical elements and what Robin called...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 389–422.
Published: 01 June 2017
... story. Although NMR was used for decades in biochemistry and molecular biology, it had not contributed substantially to solving the big scientific problems in these areas. The goal set by its early proponents—to find out about the dynamics and functions of large biomolecules—was not successfully tackled...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 633–668.
Published: 01 November 2016
... and technology through the case study of Ludwig Prandt, see Michael Eckert, The Dawn of Fluid Dynamics: A Discipline between Science and Technology (Weinheim: WILEY- VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2006). 30.Michael Eckert, Fluid Mechanics: A Challenge for Mathematics Ca. 1900 in Report No. 12/2013...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 556–591.
Published: 01 November 2016
..., but also his self-identity as a member of a community of international mathematicians who were bound not only by their intellectual field but also by their shared educational traditions. These educational traditions, in Courant s eyes, included dynamic seminars, a vibrant intellectual community, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (4): 429–459.
Published: 01 September 2016
... de Seuil, 2014). 12. Margaret Deacon, Scientists and the Sea, 1650 1900 (London: Academic Press, 1971), 315 16; Eric L. Mills, The Fluid Envelope of our Planet: How the Study of Ocean Currents became a Science (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009), 46 and 58. A GATEWAY OF OCEAN I C C I RCU LAT...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (3): 392–427.
Published: 01 June 2016
... into nature, through the replacement of the theory of imponderable fluids by the principle of energy conservation, together with the development of a compact theoretical, mathematical, and experimental approach. The emer- gence of physics as a discipline was characterized by extremely refined experi...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (3): 360–391.
Published: 01 June 2016
... had raised: Ohm s law applied well to solid conductors but failed to explain the behavior of conducting liquids why?34 And, how were the composition and motion of particles in conducting fluids that is, electrolytes affected by electrical action? A former student of the University of Berlin, Rudolf...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (3): 270–312.
Published: 01 June 2016
... Fluid Envelope of Our Planet: How the Study of Ocean Currents Became a Science (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009), esp. 260; Jacob Darwin Hamblin, Hallowed Lords of the Sea: Scientific Authority and Radioactive Waste in the United States, Britain, and France Osiris 21, no. 1 (2006): 209 28...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (3): 313–359.
Published: 01 June 2016
... frameworks. ANOMALOUS DISPERSION AND THE RESONANCE MODEL Europe, 1870: Optics was understood as the physics of a subtle fluid believed to fill all of space, the luminiferous ether, which could be elastically deformed. Light was seen as propagating elastic perturbations of this mysterious medium. Reflection...