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expert-consensus

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
...Matthew Shindell In the second half of the twentieth century consensus became the language through which scientists and other experts spoke truth to power and provided expert advice for policy making. Historical scholarship on science policy has acknowledged this trend but has not explained how...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2183–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.183
Published: 02 April 2020
..., collected, stored, and used by different institutions, authorities, experts, and lay people. Biographical information, laboratory results, and biological samples are stored and classified in biobanks, electronic health records, and various devices, like smartphones and tablets.1 Sharing and analyzing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-267–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.67
Published: 02 April 2020
... 125. 15. Clark A. Miller and Paul N. Edwards, eds. Changing the Atmosphere: Expert Knowledge and Environment Governance (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001); Sheila Jasanoff and Marybeth Long Martello, Earthly Politics: Local and Global in Environmental Governance (Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, 2004); Iris...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... state and federal authorities called upon a range of experts for advice on how to minimize the damage caused by the Dust Bowl, continuing a prac- tice begun a few decades earlier.3 In the 1910s and 1920s, governments had begun turning to experts to formulate public policy as Progressive reformers...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... sophisticated climate models. This report instead sought to measure consensus itself as a social construction, and provide a foundation to integrate scientists judgments into national policy. Entitled Climate Change to the Year 2000: A Survey of Expert Opinion, the results of the study were presented at the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493273–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.273
Published: 01 June 2019
... Japanese government. In this he was joined by a handful of the so-called hired foreigners (o-yatoi gaikokujin): Western experts who were courted by the Meiji government to serve as advisors for its breakneck modernization project. These Western scientists formed yet another key channel for the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... account of the physics that would have been at work in the first ten minutes after any expan- sion began.17 However, many scientific experts were unpersuaded that the puzzle of how the universe had come into being had now been solved. Some were vexed philosophically by the proposition that the physical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485549–556 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.549
Published: 01 November 2018
... on history of data builds on this interest in practical, personal, and bureaucratic as well as scientific quantification. It also brings attention to the most elemental aspects of quantified life, without forgetting that lay as well as expert users often skip right past the individualized datum to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484403–440 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.403
Published: 01 September 2018
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483380–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.380
Published: 01 June 2018
... through the IMWwere displaced by an emphasis on convenience. Overall, Rankin insists that mapping technologies should be seen as bound- ary objects satisfying multiple stakeholders: branches of government and mil- itary at odds with one another, expert users, and even concerned civilians. The final...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482223–245 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.223
Published: 01 April 2018
... science, see Carsten P. Krueck and Jutta Borchers, Science in Politics: A Comparison of Climate Modelling Centres Minerva 37 (1999): 105 23; Simon Shackley, Epistemic Lifestyles in Climate Change Modelling inChanging the Atmosphere: Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance, ed. Clark A. Miller...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475653–677 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.653
Published: 01 November 2017
... phenomena. Unlike Comte and Xavier Bichat, who trusted only observation with the naked eye, Robin very quickly saw the microscope as an indispensable ally in the development of scientific anatomy and became an expert in the art of microscopy.21 Robin learned microscopy from Hermann Lebert, a Prussian...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474568–577 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.568
Published: 01 September 2017
... Rise and Fall of America s Soviet Experts (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009); Mark BOOK REV I EWS | 569 interdisciplinarity was promoted throughout the social sciences in Cold War America as a means to policy relevance5 Where the new scholarship departs from the earlier studies is in its...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474494–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.494
Published: 01 September 2017
... theory writ large. Disputants agreed that the minds of beginners presented needs that were distinct from those of advanced students and experts, and that could only be met by specific, restricted uses of theory, including the atomic theory. High school chemistry chemistry for beginners represented both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473443–449 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.443
Published: 01 June 2017
... historical cases are the German-born British geneticist Charlotte Auerbach and the American biologist Rachel Carson who took it as a matter of personal and social responsibility to provide expert information on the health and environmental dangers posed not only by radiation, but by chemicals used in foods...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473349–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.349
Published: 01 June 2017
... Community in Modern America (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971). See also Paul Boyer, By the Bomb s Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age (New York: Pantheon, 1985), and Brian Balogh, Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American Commercial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473423–442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.423
Published: 01 June 2017
... knowledge creation work that he wishes to avoid any situation in which the governance of science is handed off to a group of central planners the means for the creation of scientific knowledge and of the next generation of scientists require that the scientific experts themselves be the governors of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472127–163 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.127
Published: 01 April 2017
... Samuel Fraenkel (ref. 22), 171 72. 24.He left Jerusalem initially for a lectureship at the University of Frankfurt, followed quickly by his move to London, escaping Germany just as the Nazis were coming to power (Wendell Weed, German Insect Expert to Aid U Research The Minneapolis Star, 26Mar 1947...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472200–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.200
Published: 01 April 2017
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465669–709 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.669
Published: 01 November 2016
..., Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010); Gabrielle Hecht, ed., Entangled Geographies: Empire and Technopolitics in the Global Cold War (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2011), especially Donna Mehos and Suzanne Moon, The Uses of Portability: Circulating Experts in the...