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experimental-nuclear-physics

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362343–364 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.343
Published: 01 March 2006
...DIEGO HURTADO DE MENDOZA; ANA MARIA VARA ABSTRACT Experimental nuclear physics in Argentina entered the era of so-called ““big science”” with a project to build a 20 MeV tandem-type accelerator for heavy ions. Promoted by the group of nuclear physicists of Argentina's National Atomic Energy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362297–309 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.297
Published: 01 March 2006
...MARÍÍA DE LA PAZ RAMOS LARA ABSTRACT The first Van de Graaff particle accelerator in Latin America was installed at the Universidad Nacional Autóónoma de Mééxico (UNAM) in 1952. This event marked the beginning of experimental nuclear physics, exclusively for peaceful purposes, in Mexico. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362213–241 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.213
Published: 01 March 2006
...R. W. HOME ABSTRACT From the mid-1930s, Australian physicists, though few in number, sought to join the exciting new field of research then opening up in experimental nuclear physics. Such research was already, however, largely based on the use of particle accelerators, and to acquire one demanded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425389–431 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.389
Published: 01 November 2012
...William Thomas Between 1930 and 1950 experimental physicists used cloud chambers, coincidence counters, and nuclear emulsions to study both cosmic rays and radioactive processes. In order to identify what particles they were detecting and to measure their properties, these physicists employed a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362275–296 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.275
Published: 01 March 2006
... Study (INS) in Tokyo was a milestone in the history of experimental physics in Japan. Not only did it promote research in nuclear and particle physics, but it helped spawn what became the National Laboratory for High Energy Physics (KEK) at Tsukuba. Recently, INS and KEK have merged to become the High...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 384535–568 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.4.535
Published: 01 November 2008
..., they found their needs only partly satisfied by the experimental pos- sibilities at this nuclear physics facility. Early Experiments and the Bevalac Heavy-ion research had been underway at Berkeley following construction of the Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator (HILAC), completed by 1957 and upgraded a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... of theoretical physics, such as nuclear physics and astrophysics. Many of these events were organized by Niels Bohr in Copenhagen, where young men many of whom went on to become great exponents of quantum mechanics, like Werner Heisenberg, Paul Dirac, and Wolfgang Pauli participated in convivial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... 4. Robert W. Seidel, Accelerating Science: The Postwar Transformation of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, HSPS 13, no. 2 (1982): 375 400; Allan A. Needell, Nuclear Reactors and the Founding of Brookhaven National Laboratory, HSPS 14, no. 1 (1983): 93 122; John Krige and Dominique Pestre, The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... and prediction. See Worster, Nature s Economy (ref. 3), 236, and Christope Masutti, Frederic Clements, Climatology, and Conservation in the 1930s, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 37, no. 1 (Sep 2006): 27 48. RECONSTRUCT I NG C L IMATE | 93 examinations of the Dust Bowl...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
... in North Korea partly due to the loss of Soviet support. During the famine and directly after, about 3.5million people were supposed to have died. Furthermore, the U.S.-led sanctions toward North Korea after the so-called second North Korean nuclear crisis in 2002, led South Koreans to think about...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493241–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.241
Published: 01 June 2019
... discovery of oil reserves and the testing of nuclear weapons transformed the desert into a site of economic and geopolitical interest.28 During the 1920s, just a decade prior to the remarkable spike in Algerian citrus production, the colonial government had spearheaded new irrigation projects by financing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
..., evolution of experimental technique, production of knowledge *University Museum Network and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Via Zamboni 33, 40126, Bologna, eugenio.bertozzi2@unibo.it. The following abbreviation is used: CERN, European Council for Nuclear Research. | 117...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
..., folder 4. The first draft article cited Ralph A. Alpher and Robert C. Herman, The Origin and Abundance Distribution of the Elements (Annual Review of Nuclear Science, 2 (1953): 1 40) which does not contain a prediction of the present-day temperature of the radiation. Herman was asked by Physical Review...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492226–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.226
Published: 01 April 2019
... confer- ences, Heisenberg s arrest in 1945 and internment by the British with other physicists involved in Nazi Germany s nuclear program. The chapters on Bohm and Everett, and the resistance they faced from the Bohr camp, are a great read. The discussion of Bell and his nonlocality result, and the story...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... American Commercial Nuclear Power 1945 1975 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991); Gregg Herken, Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to SDI (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000); Daniel Kevles, The Physicists: The History of a Scientific Community in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
... T Y | 339 Arthur Eddington, announced that they had measured the bending of star- light s path near the sun, in accord with Einstein s prediction the subject quickly faded from most physicists attention. The allure of quantum theory and nuclear physics, combined with the Nazis crushing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... natural product synthesis as a distinct field of organic chemistry. Analytical methods using physical instruments especially infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy provided rapid access to information about chemical structure previously hard-won over months...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482223–245 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.223
Published: 01 April 2018
..., xxii xxiii, 460 61. On this, see also P. Goldsmith et al., Nitrogen Oxides, Nuclear Weapon Testing, Concorde and Stratospheric Ozone: Personal to Members, A.R.C.34 828, Comb. 116 Oct 1973, restricted, KEW, 23/40557-C628262, DSIR 23. COMPUT I NG THE C L IMA TE | 233 CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE POLITICAL...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474568–577 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.568
Published: 01 September 2017
... institution, or the trajectory of an influential individual, but rather a change in what it meant to be rational in the age of nuclear brinkmanship (21). The story in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind unfolds over the same time span as the one depicted in The Open Mind, but it traces a different interdis...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
... curricula, although there was never any complete coherence in the use of disciplinary labels among those active in the field and adjacent areas of physics, chemistry, and metallurgy.5 Importantly, materials science was not the product of specialization within a discipline (as was the case when nuclear and...