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evolution-experimental-technique

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... transnational perspective and considering the different ways the history of science has been written since historians brought historical subjects back into their narratives in the late 1970s,15 what we have as central elements are scientific practices (both theoretical and experimental) and scientific values in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... editor in 1980. His inaugural note highlighted sev- eral understudied topics he hoped to include, including quantum theory, solid- state physics, meteorology, geophysics, and the invention, influence, and spread of experimental techniques. 5 In this last respect, the journal sought to advance work on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... argued that the underlying justification for ecological knowledge came from the desire by Americans to understand, predict, and control living pro- cesses so as to improve the ways in which humans were moving into and adapting to new lands. See Sharon E. Kingsland, The Evolution of American Ecology...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... weakening or dissolution of this dichotomy, along with the rise of experimental studies of genetics, development, and evolution in the early twen- tieth century, led to a fragmentation and reorganization of physiology as an intellectual tradi- tion, monopoly on technique, and social structure into the more...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... from the former Allied powers, and played a role in decolonization and nation-building in the Middle East. The article reconstructs each phase of the text’s geopolitical and institutional itinerary: the experimental work on aversive conditioning that led to its writing and the larger neobehaviorist...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494447–458 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.447
Published: 01 September 2019
... historiography that assembles a longer and richer concep- tual and experimental history. It is also clear that current scientific concep- tions of stem cells inherit significant baggage from this history, indicating the need for a greater understanding and appreciation of the field s past. This essay will review...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
..., Human Evolution across the Disciplines: Spotlights on American Anthro- pology and Genetics, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 34 (2012): 211 36. 352 | H YUN research.3 The Indian caste system, for example, and its historical origins are used for grouping in genetic studies on South Asian...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... physics biography of scientific instruments history of experiments discoveries evolution of experimental technique production of knowledge EUGENIO BERTOZZI* Establishing and Consolidating a Research Field: The Biography of the Wilson Cloud Chamber in the History of Particle Physics ABSTRACT This...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... standard definitions of big science tend to emphasize the resources available to a research field and the resulting scale of its experimental practices. The usual markers of big science are multimillion dollar investments from governments, corporations, or private foundations, the construction of dedi...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492226–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.226
Published: 01 April 2019
..., following Bell s seminal nonlocality result in 1964 and the subsequent tests of quantum nonlocality in the 1980s by Alain Aspect and others. The increasingly sophis- ticated experimental techniques designed to test aspects of nonlocal entangle- ment transformed foundational questions from what physicists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
..., experimental repetition of suspected crosses), but those techniques were limited to cases when the parental species were known or suspected. They could not be used predictively. These techniques could apprehend introgression in the field. 74 Since we have difficulty judging more than one variable at a time...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
..., techniques, and epistemic values that ultimately came together in the data sciences of today. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485549–556 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.549
Published: 01 November 2018
... selective, the authors here have labored to convey a sense of the long history, multifarious purposes, and wide extent of data work. The present scholarly interest in data comes at the end of a long evolution. The first postwar generation of professional historians of science focused espe- cially on the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485604–615 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.604
Published: 01 November 2018
.... George W. Stocking, The Critique of Racial Formalism, in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (New York: The Free Press, 1968), 161 94. 7. Staffan Mu¨ller-Wille and Marsha L. Richmond, Revisiting the Origin of Genetics, in Heredity Explored: Between Public Domain and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484526–535 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.526
Published: 01 September 2018
... American Ethnobotany,7 as well as by indigenous peoples themselves. Considering that fertility rates tend to decline rapidly as societies industrialize, and that experimental medical research remains largely unregu- lated in the United States, there is serious economic and political incentive to study the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484441–474 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.441
Published: 01 September 2018
... (1993): 371 95. 3.Maki Umemura, The Japanese Pharmaceutical Industry: Its Evolution and Current Challenges (Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2011), ch. 3; Julia Yongue, The Introduction of American Mass Production Technology to Japan during the Occupation: The Case of Penicillin, in Organizing Global...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
... to galvanize the study of gravitation. Not only did these patrons provide generous funding at a time when the subject of gravitation received few other institutional sources of support; they also helped to knit together a research community. Moreover, we trace the evolution of their patronage efforts...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 4811–23 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.1
Published: 01 February 2018
... as a plant breeding technique. During the 1960s and 1970s, the creation of somatic hybrids through cell fusion promised a new era of crop improvement. Yet the promises of somatic hybridization were instead fulfilled by advances in recombinant DNA technology. Rather than cast somatic hybridization as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48124–55 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.24
Published: 01 February 2018
... conference a forum to possibly find a reconciliation between classical and quantum theories.28 As in previous Solvay Councils, the presentations began by taking a survey of the current state of experimental techniques and results associated with the topic of discussion. Theses presentations on experimental...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
... borders. It is evident from our material and analysis that the import of instruments and experimental techniques, including knowhow, to Swedish studies in the 1970s and beyond, by the work of entrepreneurially minded individuals, drove the early development of materials science in Sweden. More...