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epistemological-ideals

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425389–431 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.389
Published: 01 November 2012
... detection practices, which is based on the distinct epistemological ideals he supposes drove experimentation in the “image” and “logic” traditions of detector instrumentation. © 2012 by the Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Please direct all requests for permission to photocopy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
... of American masculinity. Adding to the challenge, if mathemati- cians encoded their professional identity in the ideal of modern abstraction, it would require different forms of gendering than mathematics learned through the military or other applied fields. The section Mathematics and Manhood...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... ideal to be attained, took concrete measures to actualize, and passed on to his students during his years at the head of the Department of Physics that he created at the University of Sa o Paulo (Universidade de Sa o Paulo, USP). Analyses of human relationships within the boundaries of nation-states...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
... commitments and the ontolog- ical and epistemological positions they adopted in their professional lives. The reasons favoring immaterial, electromagnetic concepts over the inert, material 5. Russell McCormmach, Editor s Foreword, HSPS 1 (1969): vii ix, on vii and viii. 6. Russell McCormmach, Editor s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-267–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.67
Published: 02 April 2020
... on whole Earth pro- blems, it shares methodological and epistemological concerns with evolu- tionary biology. With its relevance to industrial problems, it has much in common with chemistry. Geophysics is not and has never been simply physics applied to the Earth.12 From its creation in 1969 as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... especially epistemic relativism, a social constructivist view of scientific knowledge, skepticism toward facts and scientific expertise more generally. Yet if we bracket epistemology and just look at what people write, the journal today is suffused with the aims of STS: to show that science and scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... creation of these diasporic islands meant that the values and ideals volunteers had brought with them from principles of organization, to notions of leadership, to soldierly identity and sociality could shape the - W. Norton & Company, 2017). See also Roberta Grossman, dir., Above and Beyond (Playmount...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... objects down to about 250 nm, and then only under ideal conditions.1 In hindsight the cell membrane was essentially invis- ible until the 1930s, when x-ray diffraction and polarized light microscopy were used to provide indirect signs of its existence and structure. Even as the electron microscope s a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
.... I show that the concept of fact emerged as part of a historical knowledge tradition, which comprised both human and natural empirical study. Around 1800, parts of this tradition, including the concept of fact, were integrated into the epistemological basis of several emerging disciplines, including...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485581–593 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.581
Published: 01 November 2018
... Reprints and Permissions web page, httpwww. ucpress.edu/journals.php?p¼reprints. DOI: httpsdoi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.581. to shed light on practices, epistemologies, technologies, and cultures around the collection and analysis of data in the longue dure´e. This has been my approach in recent work...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484475–525 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.475
Published: 01 September 2018
... one might argue that von Mises gave preference to the ideal of mathematical exactness over precision in relation to the partly theoretical, partly empirical parts of fluid dynamics. Von Mises extended the former ideal as far as possible over the whole applied context. Second, and related to von Mises...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483259–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.259
Published: 01 June 2018
... of distributions as social system built around relation- ships of partial mutual understanding of distributions By placing social rela- tionships, rather than conceptual objects, at the center of the analysis, this view of mathematical theories reflects a relativist epistemology of mathematics.11...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48156–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.56
Published: 01 February 2018
... thickness narrates the changes in the diversity of groups over time. Source: Bronn, Untersuchungen U¨ber Die Entwickelungs-Gesetze (ref. 1), 312. 4. For additional background on Bronn s career, see David Sepkoski, Towards a Natural History of Data : Evolving Practices and Epistemologies of Data in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475602–628 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.602
Published: 01 November 2017
... 86 (on the German idealists) and 566 68 (on earlier ideals). See also Helmut Coing, Bemerkun- gen zur Verwendung des Organismusbegriffs in der Rechtswissenschaft in Biologismus im 19. Jahrhundert, ed. Gunter Mann (Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1973), 147 57; and (especially for France) John Pickstone...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474494–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.494
Published: 01 September 2017
..., Epistemology for the Masses: The Origins of The Scientific Method in American Schools History of Education Quarterly 45, no. 3 (2005): 341 76, on 356 57. In Canada, high school enrollments more than doubled from 1883 to 1904, and Toronto s high schools saw an eightfold increase from 1870 to 1900; see Robert...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473293–319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.293
Published: 01 June 2017
... resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope.2 The TMT will join the dozen or so telescopes already operating on Maunakea, a dormant Hawaiian volcano that is renowned in the international astronomy community for its ideal observing conditions in the isolated Pacific.3 But to anti-observatory acti- vists, TMT...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473268–292 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.268
Published: 01 June 2017
... elaborated, and it appeared to many that an energeticist approach was epistemologically superior to a materialist approach. For decades, atomists had had to struggle against legitimate weaknesses and apparent anomalies. The circumstance that atoms were too tiny for direct observation was by no means the only...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473320–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.320
Published: 01 June 2017
... philosophy of science, it also indicates the importance of the motion of former subjects of the Habsburg Emperor as they transmitted intellectual and cultural traditions wrapped in epistemological treatises. The point could be extended for a large cohort of other figures who came of intellectual age in the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473389–422 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.389
Published: 01 June 2017
... Laboratory Technology of Discrete Molecular Separation: The Historical Development of Gel Electropho- resis and the Material Epistemology of Biomolecular Science, 1945 1970 Journal of the History of Biology 42 (2008), 495 527; Angela N.H. Creager, The Life of a Virus: Tobacco Mosaic Virus as an Experimental...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472200–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.200
Published: 01 April 2017
... scientific research. They are epistemic because they indicate how knowledge should be extracted from observations and what role of the scientist plays this process. They are virtues because they prescribe the ideal behavior of the scientist the scientific per- sona. Although epistemic virtues are often...