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ecology

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 412216–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.2.216
Published: 01 May 2011
... argues that Errington's ecology and Leopold's ethic were shaped by their own residential trajectories, from the rural Midwest of their youths, through wilder environments of the Southwest and Canadian North, and back again. Place shapes field science: not just the place where research is carried on, but...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
...Melissa Charenko In the early twentieth century, there was no consensus about the nature of climate. Focusing on ecological understandings of climate, this article contends that the diverse scientific practices used by ecologists to reconstruct past climates resulted in different notions of climate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
...Chunglin Kwa Between 1925 and 1980, landscape ecology underwent important changes through the gradual imposition of the view from above, through the uses of aerial photography. A new concept emerged, “the smallest unit of landscape,” also called ecotope and land unit, expressing a direct visual...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 38177–108 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.77
Published: 01 February 2008
... across the sciences is in order. ©© 2008 by The Regents of the University of California ecology field practice classification ROB E RT E. KOH LE R Plants and Pigeonholes: Classification as a Practice in American Ecology ABSTRACT Between the 1890s and the 1930s field ecologists in the United...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 443285–295 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.3.285
Published: 01 June 2014
...Joel B. Hagen © 2014 by the Regents of the University of California 2014 Peter Ayres . Shaping Ecology: The Life of Arthur Tansley . : John Wiley & Sons , 2012 . x + 213 pp., illus., index. ISBN: 978-0-470-67154-2 . $29.95 (paper). David C. Coleman . Big Ecology: The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472127–163 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.127
Published: 01 April 2017
...Rachel Mason Dentinger The field of “coevolutionary studies” is the origin of many evocative stories in evolutionary biology, as well as a demonstration of the value of studying the ecological interactions of whole organisms and populations. This field exploded after the publication of “Butterflies...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 402183–224 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.2.183
Published: 01 May 2010
... Biological Program (1964––1974). The International Biological Program was seen by its planners as a means to promote Big Science in ecology. As the term Big Science gained currency in the 1960s, the Manhattan Project and the national space program became paradigmatic examples, but the International...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... classification in American ecology for the first issue of the relaunched HSNS. Elena Aronova, Karen S. Baker, and Naomi Oreskes took the argument further with an overarching perspective on large-scale systematic data collection across the post-Sputnik biological sciences. Bruno Strasser examined hybrid research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-267–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.67
Published: 02 April 2020
...), ecology (Christophe Masutti), climate model- ing (Matthias Heymann), and volcanology (Matthias Do¨rries). It was part of a turn to global studies in the history of science, dealing with the (im)possi- bilities of earthly politics and environmental governance, and the delicate balance between the global...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... targeted by the Rockefeller Foundation to many corners of experimental biology and, more notably, to biomedicine. In addition, a 1993 essay by Chunling Kwa, Modeling the Grasslands, showed that there was room in HSPS for ecology as big science.18 1996marked a new high point in the representation of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434492–530 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.492
Published: 01 September 2013
...Rachel Rothschild The U.S. military first sponsored ecological research during World War II to monitor the release of radioactive effluent into waterways from plutonium production. The Atomic Energy Commission later expanded these investigations to include studies of radioactive fallout at the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 46167–100 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.1.67
Published: 01 February 2016
... ecosystem dynamics to understand predation in marine environments. Investigators often abstracted sharks by privileging body parts, such as the jaws or eyes, in ways that made it difficult to see this group of animals within larger ecological or historical contexts. Starting in the 1960s, shark tagging...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... Environmental Change during the Construction of the Panama Canal, Isis 98 (2007): 724 54, particularly 731 33; J. R. McNeill, Mosquito Empires: Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean, 1620 1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), 308 14; Paul S. Sutter, The First Mountain to be Removed : Yellow...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494459–469 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.459
Published: 01 September 2019
...´tourneau shows how vegetarianism as a way of life has taken the shape of a social movement and how the debate on GM foods is related to goals of preventing ecological devastation and promoting social justice (66). Shiri Pasternak, Lorenzo Mazgul, and Nancy J. Turner, in their chapter on indigenous...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... the balance of regulatory policy away from caution and more toward a reformist agenda. Crucially, the relationship between Speth, the ecological and biological com- munities, and some energy analysts constituted a distinct pathway of knowledge production and risk assessment, a relationship that...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 4011–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.1.1
Published: 01 February 2010
...Tiffany C. Vance; Ronald E. Doel In the last quarter of the twentieth century, an innovative three-dimensional graphical technique was introduced into biological oceanography and ecology, where it spread rapidly. Used to improve scientists' understanding of the importance of scale within oceanic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453397–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.397
Published: 01 June 2015
... larger scale. Sears, best known for his Dust Bowl classic Deserts on the March and later for his suggestion that ecology is a subversive subject, would seem an unlikely supporter of such a program. This article explores his role on the advisory committee within the context of his life and work, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 37127–48 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.37.1.27
Published: 01 September 2006
...CHRISTOPHE MASUTTI ABSTRACT The study of climate change has deep roots in the history of North American ecology. At the time of the Wall Street crash and the Depression of the 1930s, America .s Great Plains were struck by the Dust Bowl, a phenomenon of catastrophic soil erosion that resulted from...