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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
...Matthew L. Jones In the last two decades, a highly instrumentalist form of statistical and machine learning has achieved an extraordinary success as the computational heart of the phenomenon glossed as “predictive analytics,” “data mining,” or “data science.” This instrumentalist culture of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 648–658.
Published: 01 November 2018
... the concrete context from which they are extracted and to which they always refer back. Consequently, the transition to data science is never complete. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 127–151.
Published: 01 September 2006
... scientific data to third-party users. Since 1990, NASA has established several such facilities, each rooted in a subset of the Earth science disciplines and each making its data publicly available via the Internet. In so doing, it reversed a decades-old policy that had given an instrument's science team...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50, edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. At the moment of HSNS s fiftieth issue, data is the order of the day. The last decade has seen an explosion of interest in big data, datafication, the data economy, and data science. Data is the infrastructure of new practices...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 183–224.
Published: 01 May 2010
... Geophysical Year provided scientists with an alternative model: a synoptic collection of observational data on a global scale. This new, potentially complementary model of Big Science encompassed the field practices of ecologists and suggested a model for the natural historical sciences to achieve the stature...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 604–615.
Published: 01 November 2018
... lines” in the case of Johannsen. They also reveal a fundamental difference between data practices in the human and the life sciences: whereas the latter are relatively free to construct populations in the laboratory, the field, or on paper, the former have to rely on social categories shaped by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 581–593.
Published: 01 November 2018
...David Sepkoski One of the best arguments for approaching the history of information processing and handling in the human and natural sciences as a “history of data” is that it focuses our attention on relationships, convergences, and contingent historical developments that can be obscured following...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 56–109.
Published: 01 February 2018
... approach to fossil data—was the bureaucratic science of cameralism, in which Bronn was steeped as a student and professor at the University of Heidelberg. The second was an earlier tradition of historical visualization popularized by Joseph Priestley and others, which represented time—or the “timeline”—as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 41–69.
Published: 01 February 2019
...Kim Kleinman Edgar Anderson of the Missouri Botanical Garden had long and rich collaborations with such mathematicians and mathematically inclined biologists as R. A. Fisher, Sewall Wright, and John Tukey. It was Anderson’s Iris data that Fisher used to develop his linear discriminant function to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 637–647.
Published: 01 November 2018
... West, was a project to gather unprecedented amounts of behavioral data and centrally store it to identify emergent crime. Protesters correctly seized on the violence center as a potential site of racially targeted experimentation in psychosurgery and an example of iatrogenic science. Yet the eventual...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (4): 529–567.
Published: 01 September 2017
... extant artifacts and archival materials at the Museum of the History of Science in Oxford related to Moseley’s rare earth research reveals nuances in the process by which he collected and corrected data to form his conclusions. Whereas Moseley was confident his data did not support the claim that Urbain...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 577–609.
Published: 01 September 2015
... research products and reinforce links both with the scientific community and with external users of meteorological and climatological research. Borne out by quantitative data, this science policy–centered history sheds light on the development of research and research specializations in the field in Canada...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (1): 77–108.
Published: 01 February 2008
... geographical scope of data. Cycles of optimism and disillusionment probably characterize all the classifying sciences in the modern period: because in the "Age of Progress" all sciences sought to advance by expanding and perfecting their empirical base. Comparative study of collecting and classifying practices...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 149–182.
Published: 01 May 2010
... data from numerous species, and experimental practices have actually converged throughout the century, giving rise to a new hybrid research culture which is essential to the contemporary life sciences. Looking at some examples of researchers who studied experimentally the relationships between...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2013) 43 (3): 334–370.
Published: 01 June 2013
...-Joseph Geoffroy and Jean Hellot. These concerns were the production of a large amount of empirical data, the practice of alchemy, and the need to write for an audience of non-academicians. One moral of this study is that Dufay had more in common with two of his seventeenth-century sources, Robert Boyle...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... funding the university, who saw modern science as a symbol of erudition and a means by which to win back their political influence in Brazil, which they had lost in 1930 with the rise to power of a centralizing federal government. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California 2020 Gleb...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 58–66.
Published: 02 April 2020
... biographies and the growing amount of data relevant for cameralism and statistics. Hagen, for his part, concludes his essay with intrigu- ing remarks, worth quoting here, on the Great Transition from natural philosophy to the sciences. Circa 1800, Hagen observes, There was consensus among German scholars...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 74–80.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... 23. For example, see the special issue Histories of Data and the Database, HSNS 48 (2018): 549 684. 24. Daniel J. Kevles, Big Science and Big Politics in the United States: Reflections on t[he] Death of the SSC and the Life of the Human Genome Project, HSPS 27, no. 2 (1997): 269 97. F I ND I NG...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... securely within the conventions of cultural history, Behind quantum electro- nics makes its arguments with tables of quantitative data, time-series plots, and long paragraphs thick with percentages and dollar-values. To some extent, this reflects a difference of subject matter big science certainly...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 5–10.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Reichsanstalt, an institution that expressed both the distinctiveness of the activities of basic physics and physical technology and, at the same time, their symbiotic relationship. 9 It would be this Institute for an Empire, as David Cahan would name it, that supplied the experimental data for Planck s law...