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data-mining

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
...Matthew L. Jones In the last two decades, a highly instrumentalist form of statistical and machine learning has achieved an extraordinary success as the computational heart of the phenomenon glossed as “predictive analytics,” “data mining,” or “data science.” This instrumentalist culture of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2183–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.183
Published: 02 April 2020
... technology. Collecting and circulating data is both a permanent people s activity and a profitable business. Corporations are eager to know of customers prefer- ences, and governments want to understand citizens demands. Information from social media is considered a valuable asset, and it is becoming...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... with an urgent and immediate application in mind.15 Though the data was obtained for pragmatic reasons, studying the workings of fear in soldiers was a coherent continuation of Dollard s prewar research agenda, and a vast new territory for neo-behaviorism to test its hypotheses.16 In the late 1930s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493338–349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.338
Published: 01 June 2019
... data, when the scientific community interrogated and undermined his findings, with the worst criticism stemming from Sabin. As Jacobs repeatedly demonstrates, the scientific community was suspicious of the inactivated-virus vaccine because of its widespread belief in a live-virus vaccine. Despite...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... entanglement of human and natural study in the German-speaking lands in the decades around 1800, it is impor- tant to consider these realms of knowledge in relation to one another.18 My focus on the history of the concept of fact demands such integration.19 Like recently written histories of data, this...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493273–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.273
Published: 01 June 2019
... dissemination of glacial theories in Japan. The American zoologist and University of Tokyo Professor Edward Morse (1838 1925), for example, gave a lecture on glaciers and the ice ages in Tokyo on December 1, 1878.14 The American mining engineer Benjamin Smith Lyman (1835 1920) likewise served as an important...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
...Kim Kleinman Edgar Anderson of the Missouri Botanical Garden had long and rich collaborations with such mathematicians and mathematically inclined biologists as R. A. Fisher, Sewall Wright, and John Tukey. It was Anderson’s Iris data that Fisher used to develop his linear discriminant function to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485616–626 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.616
Published: 01 November 2018
... data mining SARAH E. IGO* Me and My Data ABSTRACT This article examines a recent, unexamined turn in the history of personal data in the last half century: the era when it was re-envisioned as a possession of the individual whom it described or from whom it was obtained. Data whether scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485549–556 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.549
Published: 01 November 2018
..., from mathematical analysis for scientific detection of causes to algo- rithmic data mining as a set of instrumentalist procedures to predict and manage behaviors. Enabled by an explosion of available data, which can often be accessed in real time, and driven by a new funding ecology, these techniques...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485627–636 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.627
Published: 01 November 2018
... doubles for surveillance than many feared. Yet as they came to value data doubles more highly, falling in line with the logics of corporate life insurance and the social security system, they nonetheless highlighted the potential value to be mined from a national mother lode of data doubles. Others in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485568–580 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.568
Published: 01 November 2018
...Christine Von Oertzen This essay argues that the explosion of visual graphics in nineteenth-century population statistics was closely linked to a shift in statistical epistemologies and practices of data collection. Taking German census statistics as a case in point, I illuminate concepts and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485637–647 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.637
Published: 01 November 2018
.... There is no evidence, however, that West knew of Dick s dystopian story so as to have modeled his efforts on it. Yet the parallels are striking. In the now legendary story, police mine precogs as sources of data about crimes to come. Almost lost to view in the maze of wiring, precogs are babbling...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
..., no. 6 (2006): 869 907, on 898 900. See also David Sepkoski, The Database before the Computer Osiris 32, no. 1 (2017): 175 201. 16. Hallam Stevens, Life Out of Sequence: A Data-Driven History of Bioinformatics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013), 5; Hallam Stevens, A Feeling for the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... systematization of phytosocio- logical data interpretation. This final stage in the identification of plant associations is a computation carried out on the tables. It is an intuitive arithmetic, in which the data are sorted through a manipulation of the tables in several steps. At the end of the computational...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482123–179 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.123
Published: 01 April 2018
... formulated as a combination of trigonometric functions, Euler could integrate the equations much more easily and could use the observational data to calculate the coefficients. Furthermore, the method, although mathematically still unclear, provided a handy way to obtain differ- ential formulas for orbital...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473389–422 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.389
Published: 01 June 2017
..., who became the most prominent proponent of structural studies of enzymes using NMR methods and a Nobel laureate in 2002, in the 1960s and 1970s focused on a subclass of proteins that were more amenable to NMR than other enzymatic systems and for which hints to their structure existed because of data...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473443–449 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.443
Published: 01 June 2017
..., makes this a history both of epistemic and social processes, as Carsten argues. I would like also to call attention in Carsten s essay to a statement from NMR scientists on the role of personal judgment in the interpretation of data, such that structural investigations of molecules in solution NMR...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473349–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.349
Published: 01 June 2017
... another dilemma: how, given a lack of data on the impact of low-level radiation 1. J. D. Bernal, The Freedom of Necessity (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1949), 272. For scientific activism before the war, see Peter J. Kuznick, Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472164–199 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.164
Published: 01 April 2017
... gather oceanographic, meteorological, ethnologi- cal, geological, and zoological data serious scientific work.18 To solidify this project as a scientific endeavor, Stefa´nsson initially gathered financial support from the National Geographic Society and the American Museum of Natural History, but their...