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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 183–224.
Published: 01 May 2010
... and reach of the experimental physical sciences. However, the program encountered difficulties when the institutional structures, research methodologies, and data management implied by the Big Science mode of research collided with the epistemic goals, practices, and assumptions of many ecologists. By...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 627–636.
Published: 01 November 2018
...Dan Bouk A mid-1960s proposal to create a National Data Center has long been recognized as a turning point in the history of privacy and surveillance. This article shows that the story of the center also demonstrates how bureaucrats and researchers interested in managing the American economy came...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
... has achieved an extraordinary success as the computational heart of the phenomenon glossed as predictive analytics, data mining, or data science. This instrumentalist culture of prediction emerged from subfields within applied statistics, artificial intelligence, and database management. This...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... questions, with a longer historical backdrop, created entry points for statistical and population thinking, data archiving and management, and other STS-inspired questions about data-based categories of knowledge production. To open the door, Robert Kohler was recruited to contribute an essay about...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 183–198.
Published: 02 April 2020
..., the question of how to appropriately manage this information poses ethical and legal challenges. As it is stated by the Joint Committee on Medical Genet- ics, the principles of confidentiality and data protection underpin health services and give patients the reassurance that their privacy is...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 209–216.
Published: 02 April 2020
... briefly for the University of Minnesota and returned in 1930, all the while contributing to the nuclear theory of atomic and molecular 210 | W E S T FA L L spectra based on data from high-voltage accelerators and co-writing an acclaimed textbook the first by American authors on quantum mechanics, Theory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 90–128.
Published: 02 April 2020
... sequoia sections brought to the lab for more careful counting and cross-dating, provided more reliable data.35 Nevertheless, Huntington used the sequoias to support his idea of periodic climate pulsations, which he believed must be similar to the ones he had observed in Asia. From the data, Huntington...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 74–80.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... 23. For example, see the special issue Histories of Data and the Database, HSNS 48 (2018): 549 684. 24. Daniel J. Kevles, Big Science and Big Politics in the United States: Reflections on t[he] Death of the SSC and the Life of the Human Genome Project, HSPS 27, no. 2 (1997): 269 97. F I ND I NG...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 129–182.
Published: 02 April 2020
... this position in 1863, replacing Nikolai Pisarevsky (who had helped Mendeleev with the publication of Organic Chemistry), and would continue to hold it until 1873.66 Indeed, if it was the manager of the printing house who had written give to the typesetter on Monday, then the note can no longer be...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 556–565.
Published: 01 November 2019
... . $32.00 (hardcover). © 2019 by The Regents of the University of California 2019 The New Critical History of Surveillance and Human Data BY THEODORA DRYER* SARAH IGO. The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018. 592 pp., illus., index...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 471–503.
Published: 01 November 2019
... with an urgent and immediate application in mind.15 Though the data was obtained for pragmatic reasons, studying the workings of fear in soldiers was a coherent continuation of Dollard s prewar research agenda, and a vast new territory for neo-behaviorism to test its hypotheses.16 In the late 1930s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
... competing political parties, ideologies, or agendas.18 Nor - Environmental Data Service 3 (1977): 3 9; James Hansen et al., Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Science 213 (1981): 957 66. For diverse perspectives regarding the employment of visual rhetorics in climate science and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 351–383.
Published: 01 September 2019
... concepts have influenced the formulation of research questions, sam- pling practices, and interpretations of genetic data in genetic history studies.2 For instance, historical narratives and political and social groupings of human populations are reflected in the a priori classifications used in genetic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 338–349.
Published: 01 June 2019
... data, when the scientific community interrogated and undermined his findings, with the worst criticism stemming from Sabin. As Jacobs repeatedly demonstrates, the scientific community was suspicious of the inactivated-virus vaccine because of its widespread belief in a live-virus vaccine. Despite...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 241–272.
Published: 01 June 2019
... RUS IN FRENCH ALGER I A | 259 ($0.14) per hour for skilled tasks. 59 Burke s data suggests that, in Algeria s citrus industry, compensation hinged more on skill than gender. If female packers were to work 6 hours or more, they would have earned more than the male pickers for that day. Burke also...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 273–299.
Published: 01 June 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 194–225.
Published: 01 April 2019
..., Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgement to Calculation, 1976 INTRODUCTION Mind or machine, which trumps which? Debates about reasoning and self- perfection, automation and political order did not begin with Big Data. Early modern natural philosophers, who developed mechanical calculating machines...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 151–193.
Published: 01 April 2019
... prodigiously powerful radio objects first identified in 1963, all abided like feral exiles in the outermost regions of observable space.24 By the early 1960s, those astronomers who reflected on the cosmological implications of the data being generated in their field tended to conclude that, though such data...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 104–115.
Published: 01 February 2019
... nineteenth-century figures like Charles Darwin and Fran- cis Galton are often mentioned in these stories, scientific interest and public policies focused on human heredity, and the many sources of hereditary data in the nineteenth century have been understudied. Similarly, conceptions of genetic material and...