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courant-institute-mathematical-sciences

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 556–591.
Published: 01 November 2016
.... Following his dismissal by the Nazi government from his post as Director of the Göttingen Mathematics Institute in 1933, Courant spent a year at the University of Cambridge, and then immigrated to the United States where he developed the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 323–339.
Published: 23 September 2020
..., 2003); on its connection to secret services, see Francis Stonor Saunders, The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: The New Press, 2013). See also Brit Shields, Mathematics, Peace, and the Cold War: Scientific Diplomacy and Richard Courant s Scientific Identity, His...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 1–40.
Published: 01 February 2019
..., in the 1823 collection of his papers (Andre´-Marie Ampe`re, Recueil d observations e´lectro-dynamiques: contenant divers me´moires, notices, extraits de lettres ou d ouvrages pe´riodiques sur les sciences relatifs a` l action mutuelle de deux courants e´lectriques, a` celle qui existe entre un...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 475–525.
Published: 01 September 2018
... biography turbulence boundary layer science under the Nazis REINHARD SIEGMUND-SCHULTZE* Applied Mathematics versus Fluid Dynamics: The Catalytic Role of Richard von Mises (1883 1953) ABSTRACT This paper investigates scientific, institutional, and political conflict and collaboration between two...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 259–299.
Published: 01 June 2018
.... httpmbarany.com/. michael@mbarany.com. The following abbreviations and acronyms are used: AHES, Archive for History of Exact Sciences; AMM, The American Mathematical Monthly; BPL, Michael J. Barany, Anne-Sandrine Paumier, and Jesper Lu¨tzen, From Nancy to Copenhagen to the World: The internationaliza- tion of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 549–555.
Published: 01 November 2016
... of the discipline of mathematics with the complex identity of an embodied mathematician a mobile agent able to change the world. An e´migre´ scientist whose institution-building in the United States was always done with an eye to European models, Courant articulates and enacts his role as an...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 669–709.
Published: 01 November 2016
... mathematics, Cold War science, international exchanges, Latin American mathematics, mathematical institutions, UNESCO, Rockefeller Foundation, theory of distributions INTRODUCTION Few endeavors of the human intellect seem to move as freely as mathematics. Mathematical teaching and research are inexpensive in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 592–632.
Published: 01 November 2016
... presiding over the highest institutions of Soviet mathematics.21 Central to the campaign was the participation of Luzin s for- mer students, who accused Luzin of plagiarism and negligence. The minutes of the Academy of Sciences commission meetings, held in July 1936 to examine the case, record Lavrentiev s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (3): 360–391.
Published: 01 June 2016
...Axel Petit A case study of the Clausius-Williamson hypothesis sheds light on the development of the physical sciences during the nineteenth century. In the 1850s, Rudolf Clausius and Alexander William Williamson independently developed similar hypotheses at a time when physics and chemistry were...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2004) 35 (1): 35–65.
Published: 01 September 2004
... carried out while I was a visiting fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. I thank its staff for their hospitality. I would like to thank J.L. Heilbron for his helpful editorial comments. The following abbreviations are used: ACP, Annales de chimie et de physique; APC...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2002) 33 (1): 131–159.
Published: 01 September 2002
... postwar pe- riod, physics once again outpaced all fields in its rate of growth except for engi- neering and mathematics.13 Demand for new physics Ph.D.s far outstripped the ever-increasing supply. The Placement Service of the American Institute of Physics (AIP) reported in 1952 TRAINING AMERICAN...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2002) 32 (2): 207–262.
Published: 01 March 2002
... boundary layer.2 Turbulence studies began in the 19th century with what French engineers called eaux courantes, or open-channel flow. Pipe flow and fluid resistance had second priority, perhaps because turbulence is less visible in pipes and more heterogenous around an obstacle, but also because in those...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2001) 31 (2): 285–353.
Published: 01 March 2001
..., and Christiane Vilain for suggested improvements, Madame Brenot for her generous help at the Archive of Ecole Polytechnique, Diana Wear for editorial assistance, and the Dibner Institute for sup- porting part of this research. The following abbreviations are used: CR, Académie des sciences, Paris...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1999) 29 (2): 333–361.
Published: 01 January 1999
... (p. 8). Only "full mu tual openness," he argued, "can effectively promote confidence and guarantee common security" (p. 13). 340 KRIGE Bohr's name had come up in earlier discussions with Richard Courant, the eminent head of the Institute for Mathematics and Mechanics at New York Uni versity. Courant...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1997) 28 (1): 1–138.
Published: 01 January 1997
... Verfassers gedruckt im Konigl. Taubstummen-Institute zu Schleswig. Caneva, Kenneth L., 1980. "Ampere, the Etherians, and the Oersted Connex- ion." British Journal for the History of Science, 13, 121–138. — 1993. Robert Mayer and the Conservation of Energy. Princeton: Prince- ton University Press...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1995) 25 (2): 185–239.
Published: 01 January 1995
...," outlining the "NATO Center 44. The other members where: Detlev W. Bronk, Richard Courant, David Griggs, Maria Goeppert Mayer, and Howard A. Meyerhoff from universities; and Eric Johnston, Rubin F. Mettler, and David Sarnoff. See Jackson's report (authored by Wheeler) to the Special NATO Parliamentary...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1992) 22 (2): 339–389.
Published: 01 January 1992
... 1948, the Dutch mathematician Bartel van der Waerden, who had taught in Leipzig during the Third Reich and who then was in the United States, heard rumors about the Copenhagen trip from Fritz Houtermanns and Richard Courant.3 The conversation between Bohr and Heisenberg remained gossip among scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1991) 21 (2): 299–316.
Published: 01 January 1991
... Leipzig."33 Foundation policy toward Nazi Germany Relations between the Rockefeller Foundation and some scientific institutes in Nazi Germany long pre-dated the rise to power of the National Socialists. Support of Richard Courant's Mathematical Insti tute and Max Born's Physical Institute, both attached...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1990) 20 (2): 339–406.
Published: 01 January 1990
... of Physics," Harvard alumni bulletin, 31 (13 June 1929), 1056– 1058. 70 K.T. Compton, "Specialization and cooperation in scientific research," Science, 66 (1927), 435–432 Robert Kargon, "Temple to science: Cooperative research and the birth of the California Institute of Technology," HSPS, 8...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1988) 19 (1): 137–172.
Published: 01 January 1988
... department. Vigorous recruitment started on October 23, 1913, with an adver tisement in the Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant: "Wanted, a capable young Doctor in Physics, particularly.. .a good experimenter." It was answered by Gilles Holst (fig. 3), then about to get his doctorate under Kamerlingh Onnes. Hoist...