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cold-war

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-225–30 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.25
Published: 02 April 2020
...Zuoyue Wang This essay is part of a special issue entitled “Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50,” edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California 2020 ZUOYUE WANG* From Modern Physics to the Cold War and Beyond ABSTRACT This essay is part of a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
...Julia Harriet Menzel; David Kaiser This essay is part of a special issue entitled “Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50,” edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California 2020 JULIA HARRIET MENZEL AND DAVID KAISER* Weimar, Cold War, and Historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-267–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.67
Published: 02 April 2020
...Matthias Dörries This essay is part of a special issue entitled “Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50,” edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California 2020 MATTHIAS DO¨RRIES* Hot Climate, Cold War ABSTRACT This essay is part of a special issue...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
...Ksenia Tatarchenko Cold War competition shaped the process of computerization in both East and West during the second half of the twentieth century. This article combines insights from Science and Technology Studies, which brought the analysis of Cold War technopolitics beyond the context of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... article situates the discovery in the sort of explanatory context more familiar from histories of Cold War nuclear and electronics research, where funds flowed freely across a broad front of institutions and subject fields, underwriting innovation and exchange, and incentivizing the instrumentalization of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... establishment of the National Research Council’s consensus studies. These examples demonstrate that consensus was not a natural or obvious choice. Rather, the choice was driven by the growth and definition of the postwar scientific community and its negotiated relationship to the Cold War national security...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474568–577 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.568
Published: 01 September 2017
...Elena Aronova © 2017 by the Regents of the University of California 2017 Jamie Cohen-Cole . The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature . Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 2014 . 368 pp., illus., index. ISBN 9780226092164 . $48.00 (cloth). Paul...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465556–591 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.556
Published: 01 November 2016
...Brit Shields This paper seeks to combine studies of émigré scientists, Cold War American science, and cultural histories of mathematical communities by analyzing Richard Courant’s participation in the National Academy of Sciences interacademy exchange program with the Soviet Union in the 1960s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465633–668 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.633
Published: 01 November 2016
... up a critical space for political reflection for the Cold War era “scientific-technical intelligentsia” at the heart of the party-state. © 2016 by the Regents of the University of California 2016 mathematics cybernetics Cold War science Thaw intelligentsia computing mathematical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... became a major branch of physics in the 1960s. The field’s history calls for deeper consideration of the ways in which powerful institutions and the production of knowledge were joined in the Cold War era. Though nonlinear optics was every bit “Cold War science,” the conventional and widely used concept...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425341–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.341
Published: 01 November 2012
...Jessica Wang This essay brings together and builds upon histories of cold war American science and studies of objectivity, scientific personae, and the self by exploring the physicist Merle A. Tuve‘s career in the late 1940s and 1950s as a history of selfhood and the emotional dimensions of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 424255–282 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.4.255
Published: 01 September 2012
...Rebecca Slayton Large, military-funded, applied research laboratories became a common and controversial feature of Cold War academe. This paper examines the origins and first twelve years of Lincoln Labs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with two primary purposes. First, it extends our...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 422114–142 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.2.114
Published: 01 April 2012
...Patrick David Slaney Eugene Rabinowitch intended the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists to be an institution of scientific internationalism in the early cold war. He hoped that the Bulletin might serve, faute de mieux , as a site of international contact that would allow his vision of the scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 331131–159 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.131
Published: 01 September 2002
...David Kaiser Beginning most explicitly with the American involvement in the Korean War, and continuing unabated until 1970, the demand for Ph.D.-trained physicists in the United States followed a particular Cold War logic of "manpower" and requisitions. This logic, rehearsed by senior physicists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 4011–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.1.1
Published: 01 February 2010
... to aid ecological investigations. Rather, Stommel intended it to help plan large-scale research programs in physical oceanography, particularly as Cold War research funding enabled a dramatic expansion of physical oceanography in the 1960s. Marine ecologists utilized the Stommel Diagram to enhance...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2005; 3611–34 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2005.36.1.1
Published: 01 September 2005
... reserved. 2005 OLIVAL FREIRE JR.* Science and exile: David Bohm, the cold war, and a new interpretation of quantum mechanics HSPS, Volume 36, Part 1, pages 1-34. ISSN 0890-9997. ©2005 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. Send requests for permission to reprint to Rights...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2005; 36171–91 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2005.36.1.71
Published: 01 September 2005
.... In parallel, it presents an imagined, but factually-based story of the impact of isotope therapy on the patient and his doctor in Trieste, a city on the Italian-Yugoslavian border that was at the heart of the cold war struggle for influence between the U.S. and the USSR. It weaves together the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2003; 34195–113 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2003.34.1.95
Published: 01 September 2003
...DAVID MUNNS ABSTRACT: The history of big science, especially physics, informs historians that the instrument is at the heart of Cold War science. This article presents the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), which was consciously modeled on the Brookhaven National Laboratory and where the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2003; 332237–260 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2003.33.2.237
Published: 01 March 2003
...Laura A. Bruno ©© Regents of the University of California LAURA A. BRUNO* The bequest of the nuclear battlefield: Science, nature, and the atom during the first decade of the Cold War HSPS, Volume 33, Part 2, pages 237-260. ISSN 0890-9997. ©2003 by The Regents of the University of California...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 3313–31 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.3
Published: 01 September 2002
... period in which the United States exerted special influence. ©© Regents of the University of California JOSÉ M. SÁNCHEZ-RON* International relations in Spanish physics from 1900 to the Cold War HSPS, Volume 33, Part1, pages 3-31. ISSN 0890-9997. ©2002 by The Regents of the University of California...