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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (2): 207–242.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Gabriel Henderson During the late 1970s, some members of the United States Congress introduced seminal legislation to ameliorate what they believed to be the economic costs of climatic change. Concerned that American society had become too sensitive to the stresses of even minor climatic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (5): 435–469.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Nils Randlev Hundebøl; Kristian H. Nielsen The Model Evaluation Consortium for Climate Assessment (MECCA) from 1990–95 was an international consortium involving industry partners as well as research institutions in the dual attempt to advance basic science and to impact public and industrial policy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 90–128.
Published: 02 April 2020
...Melissa Charenko In the early twentieth century, there was no consensus about the nature of climate. Focusing on ecological understandings of climate, this article contends that the diverse scientific practices used by ecologists to reconstruct past climates resulted in different notions of climate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 67–73.
Published: 02 April 2020
...Matthias Dörries This essay is part of a special issue entitled “Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50,” edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California 2020 MATTHIAS DO¨RRIES* Hot Climate, Cold War ABSTRACT This essay is part of a special issue...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (3): 318–349.
Published: 01 August 2010
...Nicolas Nierenberg; Walter R. Tschinkel; Victoria J. Tschinkel The 1983 National Academy of Sciences report entitled Changing Climate, authored by a committee of physical and social scientists chaired by William Nierenberg, was an early comprehensive review of the effects of human-caused increases...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 223–245.
Published: 01 April 2018
...Janet Martin-Nielsen This paper traces the development of numerical climate models in the United Kingdom from 1963, when the U.K.’s Meteorological Office first took up climate modelling, to the mid-to-late 1970s, when climate change became politicized in the United Kingdom. The central question...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 1–2.
Published: 01 September 2006
...MATTHIAS DÖÖRRIES; CHRISTOPHE MASUTTI ©© 2006 by The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. 2006 MATTHIAS DÖRRIES AND CHRISTOPHE MASUTTI Introduction: Changing climate Modeling climate Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, Vol. 37, Number 1, pps. 1...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
...Gabriel Henderson During the late 1970s and early 1980s, despite growing political, scientific, and popular concern about the prospect of melting glaciers, sea-level rise, and more generally, climate-induced societal instability, American high-level science advisers and administrators, scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 577–609.
Published: 01 September 2015
... atmospheric science meteorology government science Canada public administration cold-war science environmental science MATTHEW L. WALLACE* A Climate for Science Policy: Constructing Postwar Atmospheric Research in Canada, 1945 1970 ABSTRACT Led by the Meteorological Service of Canada, atmospheric...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 87–125.
Published: 01 September 2006
...MATTHIAS DÖÖRRIES ABSTRACT Three factors furthered the emergence of the field of volcanism and climate change in the 20th century: trigger events in the form of major volcanic eruptions, which attracted scientific and public attention (Katmai [1912], Agung [1963], Mount St. Helens [1980], El...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 3–25.
Published: 01 September 2006
...JAMES RODGER FLEMING ABSTRACT The checkered history of weather and climate modification exhibits a modicum of promise and an excess of hype. This paper examines two completed historical cycles: the first, dating from 1839, involved western proprietary rainmaking or ““pluviculture;”” the second...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 302–310.
Published: 28 May 2020
... should be. What they share, however, is a sense that place and specificity matter, and that materiality, institutions, and practice are the keys to recovering these. Even as the history of science continues to go global, and its global dimensions whether in terms of colonialism or capitalism or climate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... probabilistically. Most historical and philosophical excitement around computing in the sciences played out in venues other than this journal. This is a gap with real consequences, stretching from the epistemology of simulation to the develop- ment of software to cybernetic modeling of the human. The climate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... journal s re-launch in 2008, the broadening of topics continued under the new name Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, and it came to incorporate such areas as architecture, biomedicine, pre-1800 natural philoso- phy, race and genetics, computer science, animal studies, oceanography and climate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... and Peter Galison, Objectivity (New York: Zone Books, 2007); Robert E. Kohler and Kathryn M. Olesko, eds., Clio Meets Science: The Challenges of History, published in Osiris 27, no. 1 (2012): 1 350; Deborah R. Coen, Climate in Motion: Science, Empire, and the Problem of Scale (Chicago: University of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (1): 109–152.
Published: 01 February 2008
... the early 1980s, a consensus emerged among climate scientists that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels would lead to mean global warming of 2––3°°C, probably by the mid-twenty-first century, and would have serious deleterious effects, including sea level rise of at least...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 351–383.
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 420–446.
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 338–349.
Published: 01 June 2019
... community of people in which Pavlov felt himself included guided his intellectual growth. Todes highlights how Pavlov s inborn tendencies and childhood experiences influenced his ready acceptance of modern scientific rationality, aided by the political climate of the Reform Era. Todes attributes Pavlov s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 273–299.
Published: 01 June 2019
... the Bo¯so¯ Peninsula that purportedly showed that Japan had enjoyed a tropical climate during the Ice Ages. I am quite sure, he wrote, that while the Occident was buried under the heavy burden of ice millions of tons in weight, Central Japan was exposed to the heat of the tropical sun. 38 Two years...