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chemical-industry

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2013) 43 (4): 391–452.
Published: 01 September 2013
... (certified chemist). Continuing debates modified the examination in 1942–43, but given the limitations imposed by the political and wartime contexts, and the need to accelerate chemical training for the purposes of industrial and military mobilization, the resulting chemical education could not produce...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 411–432.
Published: 23 September 2020
... reciprocal distrust about the attribution of proprietary rights, especially in light of the industrial interests involved in atomic energy projects.16 Akers s dismissal was especially welcome in the US because he was involved with the British chemical giant Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI).17 US companies...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 384–410.
Published: 23 September 2020
... late nineteenth century. Many European governments sponsored the activities of fisheries scientists in response to declining fish stocks, which led to the professionalization of the discipline. The fishing industry hoped that biological and hydrographical studies of fish populations would turn the tide...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 433–455.
Published: 23 September 2020
.... The Ministry of Industry, in turn, had favored the creation of several chemical factories nearby, and air pollution was a concern for ornithologists. Finally, the Ministry of Information and Tourism planned new roads crossing the Station to serve the increasingly overcrowded beach tourism that...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 456–481.
Published: 23 September 2020
... in nature by economic activities have occurred during one or two centuries, or even decades. As in the past the biosphere as a system is self-governing but in new conditions and with new components. 29 Kovda s concerns included the polluting impact of chemicals, resource depletion, the development...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... because of his father s family s ties to the Czarist regime.29 He had first worked in the film industry and given lessons in mathematics and Latin. In 1922 and 1923, he earned degrees in physics and mathematics, respectively, from the University of Turin, and in that decade he already showed interest in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... emerging fields and actors of chemical and electrical engineering, and their troubled relationship to organic chemistry, electrodynamics, and optics, in particular in the distinctive landscape of industrial research, corporations, and academic scientists in nineteenth-century Germany. Such historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 41–49.
Published: 02 April 2020
..., the journal’s name has steadily broadened, while its content has come to include ever more interdisciplinarity and application. The place of science depicted in the journal’s pages is now all of society, including industry and the engineering disciplines. One possible explanation for this shift...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 504–555.
Published: 01 November 2019
... sciences, or whether it must remain independent as the science of life. By examining how the histories of plant physiology and physical chemistry intertwined through the artificial cell, I argue that modern biology relocated vitality from protoplasmic living matter to non-living chemical substances—or, in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
... governance was the everyday stoplight. By framing the risks of climate change as the equivalent of a flashing yellow light, and situating themselves between what they designated as red lighters those who advocated wholesale reform of industrial capitalism and green light- ers environmental skeptics with an...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 441–474.
Published: 01 September 2018
... research in the subsequent decades in Japan. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018 microbiology penicillin antibiotics chemical industry technology domestication interdisciplinary research planning Japan VICTORIA LEE* Microbial Transformations: The Japanese...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 403–440.
Published: 01 September 2018
... variations over the course of historical time, and is even more marked during the periods of geological time They added that certain factors could modify the chemical composition of the air and the oceans . . . in particular, we are thinking of the progressive increase in CO2, the state of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 300–337.
Published: 01 June 2018
... Manufacturers Association.17 The award marked the ascendance of a perspective casting natural product synthesis as a distinct field at the forefront of organic chemistry, synthesis as an engine of progress for chemical science and industry in general, and creative synthetic planning as the heart of synthesis...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 110–122.
Published: 01 February 2018
... Eugene Stoermer, The Anthropocene Inter- national Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Global Change Newsletter 41 (May 2000): 17 18. BOOK REV I EWS | 111 coal during the Industrial Revolution pushed atmospheric CO2 conditions out- side Holocene variability between 260 and 280 parts per million; and around...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 1–23.
Published: 01 February 2018
... techniques harnessed to manipulate life on the cellular level. In the realm of plant breed- ing, these have included the use of radiation and chemicals such as colchicine to manipulate chromosomes, albeit with limited success.5 The communities involved with, or supportive of, these activities were diverse...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (5): 602–628.
Published: 01 November 2017
... rejected this sort of explanation altogether, argu- ing that physico-chemical causes sufficed to account for organization in the organic realm. Among these, some invoked God as the ultimate First Cause, while others were content to rest the explanation entirely in matter itself. Thus discussions of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (4): 494–528.
Published: 01 September 2017
... Toronto chemist William Lash Miller was one such disciple. He worked in Ostwald s laboratory in 1890 and 1892, a period when Ostwald 2. On nineteenth-century atomic debates, see, for example, Alan J. Rocke, Epilogue in Chemical Atomism in the Nineteenth Century: From Dalton to Cannizzaro (Columbus: Ohio...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (4): 459–493.
Published: 01 September 2017
...Johan Gribbe; Olof Hallonsten The cross-disciplinary field of materials science emerged and grew to prominence in the second half of the twentieth century, drawing theoretical and experimental strength from the rapid progress in several natural sciences disciplines and connecting to many industrial...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 443–449.
Published: 01 June 2017
... not have an inside. The chemical atom provided the basis for an empirical and visualizable structural theory of molecules that produced practical outcomes in the research laboratory and that transformed chemical industry. Yet, as we see in Alan s example of Pierre Duhem, the atom was implicated in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 349–388.
Published: 01 June 2017
... who served as public scientists or the role gender played in gaining public trust and influencing policy makers. This paper examines two women, both trained in genetics, who became activists in the 1950s and 1960s to educate the public about the dangers radiation and wartime chemicals posed to the...