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biography-scientific-instruments

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503302–310 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.302
Published: 28 May 2020
... Sen . Astronomy in India, 1784–1876 . London : Pickering & Chatto , 2014 . xiii + 268 pp., illus., index. ISBN 978-1-781-44078-0 . $99.00 (hardcover). Pankaj Sekhsaria . Instrumental Lives: An Intimate Biography of an Indian Laboratory . Abingdon : Routledge , 2018 . xxii + 126...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
... Wataghin scientific transnationalism Brazil cosmic rays scientific instruments education, university HERA´CLIO D. TAVARES, ALEXANDRE BAGDONAS, AND ANTONIO A. P. VIDEIRA* Transnationalism as Scientific Identity: Gleb Wataghin and Brazilian Physics, 1934 1949 ABSTRACT This analysis of the scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
... conditions to scientific ideas had existed in the field since Boris Hessen s work in the 1930s, of course. But McCormmach s interest before the first publications on the sociology of scientific knowledge appeared from the Edinburgh school, and contemporaneous with Paul Forman s studies of the effect of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... of science over the past half century. A recent systematic survey of the articles published in Nature found that a typical article in that journal is inspired by and impacts three times more disciplines this decade than it did 50 years ago. The authors of the study noticed that scientific work is...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
... quantum formalism well before robust scientific evidence had compelled them to do so. Neither stubborn data nor compelling theories could account for the timing; rather, according to Forman, the physicists embraced acausality to appease a hostile environment, exemplified by Oswald Spengler s widespread...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... Studies in the Physical Sciences and Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sci- ences; SSK, Sociology of Scientific Knowledge; STS, Science and Technology Studies. | 41 Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, Vol. 50, Number 1-2, pps. 41 49. ISSN 1939-1811, electronic ISSN 1939-182X...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... diffraction limit, see David Cahan, The Zeiss Werke and the Ultramicroscope: The Creation of a Scientific Instrument in Context, in Scientific Credibility and Technical Standards in 19th and Early 20th Century Germany and Britain, ed. Jed Z. Buchwald, Archimedes 1 (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996), 67 115. 2. J. D...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... popularizer, historians have now attempted to understand Lowell as a product of a multitude of scientific value systems at work during this era. David Strauss, in his biography of Lowell, looks at Lowell s social status and points to his connections at Harvard and his continued access to scientific networks...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... Göttingen in the late eighteenth century, by focusing on universal historian August Ludwig Schlözer and the experimentalist Georg Christoph Lichtenberg. In a time of scientific and political revolutions, they regarded facts as eternal knowledge, contrasting them with short-lived theories and speculations...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... physics biography of scientific instruments history of experiments discoveries evolution of experimental technique production of knowledge EUGENIO BERTOZZI* Establishing and Consolidating a Research Field: The Biography of the Wilson Cloud Chamber in the History of Particle Physics ABSTRACT This...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... the members of the international scientific community and projected backward to the medieval scholar Al-Khwarizmi. On the other hand, the universal spread of “algorithmic thinking” became the educational goal of a late Soviet computer literacy campaign under the slogan of “Programming, the Second...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 4911–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.1
Published: 01 February 2019
...Shaul Katzir The historiography of the principle of energy conservation has concentrated on the formulation of the law by a few individual scientists. This paper turns to the employment of energetic considerations, examining the uses of related arguments in scientific reasoning before the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484475–525 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.475
Published: 01 September 2018
... biography turbulence boundary layer science under the Nazis REINHARD SIEGMUND-SCHULTZE* Applied Mathematics versus Fluid Dynamics: The Catalytic Role of Richard von Mises (1883 1953) ABSTRACT This paper investigates scientific, institutional, and political conflict and collaboration between two...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48156–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.56
Published: 01 February 2018
... development that, in Porter s words, required a scientific community familiarized with the use of aggregate numbers and mean values for studying an inherently variable object who were gradually convinced by statistical authors that large statis- tical samples could be presumed to generate large-scale...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475629–652 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.629
Published: 01 November 2017
... about his scientific work. Schwann, by contrast, is regarded as one of the founders of cell theory, but historians of biology have hardly taken his philosophical, religious, and political ideas into account. Paying particular attention to Schwann’s unpublished writings, this paper reconstructs the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474459–493 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.459
Published: 01 September 2017
... (AFM) in the 1980s and 1990s.3 This continuous instrument development has not only opened new research opportunities but also contributed strongly to the for- mation of scientific communities by the use of common laboratory resources that unify otherwise disparate research activities and provide a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474529–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.529
Published: 01 September 2017
... time. After learning of his death, Moseley s mother moved quickly to realize her only son s last will and testament. She believed he still had something to contribute to the scientific community, and in accordance with his wishes, released all his data and notes to Sir Ernest Rutherford, whom Moseley...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473450–457 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.450
Published: 01 June 2017
... Verlag, 2010. Quantum Theory s Silent Pioneer essay review of Graham Farmelo s The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of Paul Dirac, Mystic of the Atom (New York: Basic Books, 2009), in Science 326 (27 Nov 2009): 1191 92. Scientific Families: Biographies and Labographies in the History of Science essay...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473443–449 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.443
Published: 01 June 2017
... inaugurated as scientific biography in the multi-volume series that began publication in 1970.1 The personality and character of the individual scientist, and not only the scientific genius became important. A third new, or revived, approach was the study of social and political forces that operate both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473263–267 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.263
Published: 01 June 2017
... Scientist: At the heart of Mary Jo Nye s thought-provoking biography of British physicist and Nobel laureate Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett is the question of whether science and politics mix. In exploring Blackett s life, Nye por- trays a researcher, political adviser and scientific leader willing to take...