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big-data

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 183–224.
Published: 01 May 2010
... Geophysical Year provided scientists with an alternative model: a synoptic collection of observational data on a global scale. This new, potentially complementary model of Big Science encompassed the field practices of ecologists and suggested a model for the natural historical sciences to achieve the stature...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 616–626.
Published: 01 November 2018
... about personal data. A product of social movements and civil rights reforms as well as market thinking, this bid for authority over one’s “own” information would however reveal its limitations by the turn of the twenty-first century, particularly in the context of a big data economy. This essay is part...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50, edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. At the moment of HSNS s fiftieth issue, data is the order of the day. The last decade has seen an explosion of interest in big data, datafication, the data economy, and data science. Data is the infrastructure of new practices...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 183–198.
Published: 02 April 2020
... with their duty to report it in a time that this practice was considered a crime. Medical confidentiality remains a relevant topic in current medical ethics. Presently, thanks to Big Data, electronic records, and social networks, how to manage health and genetic truths has become a complex issue. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 74–80.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... 23. For example, see the special issue Histories of Data and the Database, HSNS 48 (2018): 549 684. 24. Daniel J. Kevles, Big Science and Big Politics in the United States: Reflections on t[he] Death of the SSC and the Life of the Human Genome Project, HSPS 27, no. 2 (1997): 269 97. F I ND I NG...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 90–128.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Huntington, The Secret of the Big Trees, Harper s Magazine (Jul 1912): 292 302; Ellsworth Huntington, Temperature and the Fate of Nations, Harper s Magazine (Aug 1928): 361 68; Ellsworth Huntington, The Solar Hypothesis of Climatic Changes, Geological Society of America Bulletin 25, no. 1 (Jan 1914...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 67–73.
Published: 02 April 2020
... on global climate 3. Weart, Global Warming (ref. 1), 319, 324. 4. David Hounshell, The Cold War, RAND, and the Generation of Knowledge, 1946 1962, HSPS 27, no. 2 (1997): 237 67, httpsdoi.org/10.2307/27757779. Daniel J. Kevles, Big Science and Big Politics in the United States: Reflections on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... securely within the conventions of cultural history, Behind quantum electro- nics makes its arguments with tables of quantitative data, time-series plots, and long paragraphs thick with percentages and dollar-values. To some extent, this reflects a difference of subject matter big science certainly...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 556–565.
Published: 01 November 2019
.... Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2019. 240 pp., illus, index. ISBN 978-0-2620-3904-8. $32.00 (hardcover). Over the last decade, histories of data, information, and quantification have flourished in direct engagement with our towering twenty-first-century social technologies: big data, digital surveillance, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 300–337.
Published: 01 June 2019
...); Olesko, Coming to Terms (ref. 10); Patrick Anthony, Mining as the Working World of Alexander von Humboldt s Plant Geography and Vertical Cartography, Isis 109, no. 1 (2018): 28 55. 16. On the sciences, see: Andrew Cunningham and Perry Williams, De-Centring the Big Picture : The Origins of Modern...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 194–225.
Published: 01 April 2019
..., Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgement to Calculation, 1976 INTRODUCTION Mind or machine, which trumps which? Debates about reasoning and self- perfection, automation and political order did not begin with Big Data. Early modern natural philosophers, who developed mechanical calculating machines...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 117–150.
Published: 01 April 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 151–193.
Published: 01 April 2019
... basic knowledge to address real world problems—in this case, microwave radio noise. It was not research to resolve the “big-bang”/“steady-state” controversy that pulled the radiation within range of detection, but a protean technoscientific program to improve signal-to-noise ratios. The accumulation of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 41–69.
Published: 01 February 2019
...Kim Kleinman Edgar Anderson of the Missouri Botanical Garden had long and rich collaborations with such mathematicians and mathematically inclined biologists as R. A. Fisher, Sewall Wright, and John Tukey. It was Anderson’s Iris data that Fisher used to develop his linear discriminant function to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 70–103.
Published: 01 February 2019
... judgments or advice until the last scrap of data had been uncovered and neatly arranged. 18 His view that economists should ply their expertise in the service of influencing policy was well known among his peers. Graham s committee was eager to see the AEA bring its collective expertise to bear on the most...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 549–556.
Published: 01 November 2018
... Sepkoski, eds., Data Histories,Osiris 32 (2017); Cornelius Borck, ed., Special Issue: Big Data, NTM 25, no. 4 (2017). | 549 Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, Vol. 48, Number 5, pps. 549 556. ISSN 1939-1811, electronic ISSN 1939-182X. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California. All...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 637–647.
Published: 01 November 2018
... and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018 predictive policing big data policing violence studies dangerousness potential uncertainty future crime PreCrime Philip K. Dick Louis Jolyon West...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
... computational statistics data mining data sciences big data pattern recognition instrumentalism Leo Breiman MATTHEW L. JONES* How We Became Instrumentalists (Again): Data Positivism since World War II ABSTRACT In the last two decades, a highly instrumentalist form of statistical and machine learning...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 581–593.
Published: 01 November 2018
... collections. We speak now of the twenty-first century being the age of Big Data, but much of the machinery to say nothing of the underlying totalizing ambitions of data- driven statistical projects was established long ago. The nineteenth century was an era of big data, too.6 The second is that in order for...