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bell-laboratories

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1981; 121117–160 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757491
Published: 01 January 1981
... research laboratories of the United States, Washington, D.C (NRC, Bulletin, 60), 1927, 17. 6 J. Mills, "Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated," BTQ, 4 (Apr 1925), 94-102 J. J. Carty, "Science and business," BTQ, 3 (Jul 1924), 145-154 E. B. Craft, "The Bell System research laboratories...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... proficiency in microwave communications at Bell Laboratories, where the radiation was detected, was as significant to the breakthrough as the expertise in theoretical astrophysics available at Princeton, where the Bell Labs measurements were linked to the “big bang.” Princeton physicists, led by Robert Dicke...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... Max Born in Go¨ttingen and Arnold Sommerfeld in Munich, Condon did not return to Berkeley, instead taking a leave of absence. In the interim he accepted a job at Bell Laboratories, where he worked as a journalist, providing editorial assistance to the research staff and writing articles for the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
...; Barton J. Bernstein, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer, HSPS 12, no. 2 (1982): 195 252; Arturo Russo, Fundamental Research at Bell Laboratories: The Discovery of Electron Diffraction, HSPS 12, no. 1 (1981): 117 60; Lewis Pyenson, Audacious Enterprise: The Einsteins and Electrotechnology in Late...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-225–30 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.25
Published: 02 April 2020
... 1981 article on the discovery of the transistor at Bell Labs in the late 1940s, Barton J. Bernstein s 1982 essay on the 1954 security case of the physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, Robert Seidel s 1983 study on the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory after World War II, and Allan Needell s 1983 paper on the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493338–349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.338
Published: 01 June 2019
... Jacobs, a medical researcher at Stanford University situate their work within this framework. Daniel P. Todes s Ivan Pavlov attempts to address misinformation and presump- tions concerning Pavlov s science and personality, such as his popular work of training dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell; his...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
.... Anderson s work in this area reflects dedicated commitment to creating biologically sound techniques, useful for both observation in the field and analysis back in the laboratory. They were graphical and visual because, as he told Sewall Wright, My chief difficulty in reading [ General, Group and Special...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... Bell, A Report on an Experiment by an Ad Hoc Consensus Committee, The American Economic Review 35, no. 2 (1945): 422. MAK ING A COMMUN I TY OF EXPERTS | 79 determining what issues to address. Instead, the committee would initiate the process of appointing a committee only after the Association s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
... Advanced Technology Laboratory, Blue Bell, PA, 29 Mar 1963. 676 | J ONES probability distributions when their underlying form cannot be assumed.9 They worked at government labs, at corporate labs, and at universities such as Cornell, U.S.C., and Stanford, typically with copious military support.10 Although...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484403–440 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.403
Published: 01 September 2018
... offered. Climatologist Claude Frankignoul believed that the data provided by POSEIDON would provide measurements of the variations of the rise in sea level over many years28 William J. Camp- bell, a glaciologist at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, Washington, said that the orbit of POSEIDON...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48124–55 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.24
Published: 01 February 2018
...José G. Perillán John S. Bell openly questioned the dominance of an orthodox quantum interpretation that had seemingly raised the principle of indeterminism from an epistemological question to an ontological truth in the late 1920s. He understood the inevitability of indeterminism to be a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474529–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.529
Published: 01 September 2017
...: G. Bell and Sons, 1915), 22 37. H. G. J. Moseley and C. G. Darwin, The Reflexion of the X-Rays Philosophical Magazine 26 (1913): 210 32, esp. 212. 9. Spectrometer, by H. G. J. Moseley, Made by Charles W. Cook, Manchester, ca. 1913, MHS Collection, Inventory No. 17217. 10. Spectrometer photograph...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473389–422 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.389
Published: 01 June 2017
... NHARDT the foremost industrial research laboratories, Bell Labs, and his was a fundamen- tal attack based on a reduction of biological problems to physical concepts.10 He had the twofold aim of founding a new science and a new technology, both based on the electronic properties of biomolecules. Cohn s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 464460–489 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.4.460
Published: 01 September 2016
... ether is significantly absent in pub- lications like QST, the periodical produced by the American Radio Relay League, or the Bell Laboratories Record: A Monthly Magazine of Information for the Members of Bell Telephone Lab- oratories. A reason for this absence may well be the different explanatory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... electronics pioneer Charles Townes (fig. 1). Like many American physicists of his generation, Townes had been pulled into the military s orbit during the Second World War. As a staff scientist at Bell Telephone Laboratories, he had designed systems for radar-assisted bombing of targets cloaked in darkness or...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455703–757 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.703
Published: 01 November 2015
... Regents of the University of California 2015 solid state physics fundamentality reduction National Magnet Laboratory Superconducting Super Collider Francis Bitter Philip Anderson Steven Weinberg JOSEPH D. MARTIN* Fundamental Disputations: The Philosophical Debates that Governed American...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455805–815 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.805
Published: 01 November 2015
... the lack of sure evidence for genetic bases of IQ differentials but defending the right of Jensen et al. to broach the question a solution that only temporarily quieted the dispute while driving the most ardent antiracists out of the field. BOOK REV I EWS | 807 The 1994 publication of The Bell Curve...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454513–548 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.513
Published: 01 September 2015
...Thomas Heinze; Olof Hallonsten; Steffi Heinecke In its fifty-year history, the German national research laboratory DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, German Electron Synchrotron) has undergone a gradual transformation from a single-mission particle physics laboratory to a multi-mission...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454577–609 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.577
Published: 01 September 2015
... Fleck, Gene`se et de´veloppement d un fait scientifique, trans. Ilana Lo¨wy (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2005), 171 217. 38. Director Andrew Thomson s correspondence with private and public sector stakeholders highlights the logistical efforts undertaken by the MSC, as well as the importance that Thomson...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452217–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.217
Published: 01 April 2015
...Olof Hallonsten The synchrotron radiation activities at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (formerly Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) started out in 1972 as a small-scale Stanford University project. The project gradually grew to become one of the first national centers for synchrotron...