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ballistic-missile

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (5): 758–804.
Published: 01 November 2015
... using lasers to defend against nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles. A few academic consultants for IDA (among them physicists Nicolaas Bloembergen, Charles Townes, Keith Brueckner, and Norman Kroll) began to think about how to generate laser pulses of enormous power and propagate them through the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... University Press, 1992); David Kaiser, Cold war requisitions, scientific manpower, and the production of American physicists after World War II, HSPS 33, no. 1 (2002): 131 59; Benjamin Wilson and David Kaiser, Calculating times: Radar, ballistic missiles, and Einstein s relativity, in Science and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 41–49.
Published: 02 April 2020
... an important player in the histories of several fields, including nuclear weapons design, gravitational radiation research, anti-ballistic missile defense, Vietnam-era counterinsurgency, and superconducting computing.19 A journal dedicated to the history of science-as-part-of-society is just more...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 151–193.
Published: 01 April 2019
... could not claim the same observational support.15 It 12. Benjamin Wilson and David Kaiser, Calculating Times: Radar, Ballistic Missiles, and Einstein s Relativity, in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War, ed. Naomi Oreskes and John Krige (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2014), 273 316. Roberto...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 338–379.
Published: 01 June 2018
... History (ref. 3); Kaiser, A psi (ref. 3); Daniel Kennefick, Traveling at the Speed of Thought: Einstein and the Quest for Gravitational Waves (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007); Benjamin Wilson and David Kaiser, Cal- culating times: Radar, ballistic missiles, and Einstein s relativity...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 633–668.
Published: 01 November 2016
...-ballistic missile research. Kitov s dissertation was entitled Programming tasks of long range external ballistic rockets 49. Krinitskii was deputy head of Gosplan s VTs (founded 1959) from 1971 to 1981. Buslenko spent his entire career in the military, working in turn at VTs-1, VTs-4/TsNII-45, TsNII-27...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (5): 631–640.
Published: 01 November 2015
... patronage created, Wilson argues that physicists used these spaces to produce knowledge that was at once basic and relevant to military applications. By the late 1960s, research had dashed any hopes that lasers could be used to intercept ballistic missiles. The researchers involved, however, had, in the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 577–609.
Published: 01 September 2015
... contributed to the growth of the atmospheric sciences, namely in the context of aviation, ballistic missile technology, and potential defense-related applications of weather modification, as well as for understanding fallout from a potential nuclear war.2 In addition, the emergence, broadly speaking, of so...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (3): 234–276.
Published: 01 June 2014
..., Smithsonian Institution, MRC 311/PO Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012; neufeldm@si.edu. The following abbreviations are used: AO, Announcement of Opportunity; APL, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD; BMDO, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization; CIW, Carnegie Institution of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (4): 283–321.
Published: 01 September 2012
..., a physicist at the University of California s Radiation Laboratory, with implications for the U.S. s anti- ballistic missile defense. Christofilos proposed creating an anti-missile shield around the planet by trapping high-energy electrons from high-altitude nu- clear detonations in the Earth s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2013) 43 (2): 121–161.
Published: 01 April 2013
...), frequently expressed frustration at the unavailability of key materials for nuclear reactors.8 Newly developed weapons systems, such as long-distance ballistic missiles, jet aircrafts, and advanced electronics equipment, often required novel materials with superior properties. By the mid-1950s, the term...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (4): 255–282.
Published: 01 September 2012
... the Military (Dordrecht, Neth.: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988). For an insightful account of Lincoln s ongoing role in basic science, see David Kaiser, Calculating Times: Radar, Ballistic Missiles, and Einstein s Relativity, Presentation at Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 25 Apr 2011. 11...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (5): 341–388.
Published: 01 November 2012
... Detection & Tracking of Long-Range Ballistic Mis- siles, Lincoln Laboratory, 15 16 Sep 1954; Information sheet headed For Internal Use Only, General Information, Technological Capabilities Panel (TCP) of the Science Advisory Com- mittee, n.d.; and TP, Box 151, Folder Haworth 1954 Army. Tuve s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (4): 429–456.
Published: 01 November 2010
...-Janze (Oxford: Berg, 2001), 1 35. 6. Michael J. Neufeld, The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era (New York: The Free Press, 1995); Susanne Heim, ed., Autarkie und Ostexpansion: Pflanzenzucht und Agrarforschung im Nationalsozialismus (Göttingen: Wallstein; 2002...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 259–267.
Published: 01 May 2010
... commitment to manned space exploration was a colossal misuse of re- sources. They were deeply skeptical of Johnson s reliance upon technological superiority in Vietnam. And they opposed Nixon s development of anti-ballistic missile systems. After Nixon won his second term, he got rid of PSAC for good...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (3): 451–461.
Published: 01 August 2008
..., where the 1940s 1960s period saw wild swings in nuclear strategy pushing (and being pushed by) the introduction of the hydrogen bomb, the air defense network, the ballistic missile, the spy satellite, and the nuclear-capable submarine, the 1970s saw much more incre- mental changes in both strategy and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (4): 479–507.
Published: 01 November 2008
... applications of computing accelerated the development of the computer and digital communication after World War II, when electronic dig- ital computers began to replace the analog devices that had been used to cal- culate ballistic tables as well as census data and business accounts. Computers were embraced by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (3): 405–450.
Published: 01 August 2008
... Electronics Laboratory provided electronic support, initially designing and constructing radio physics instruments, and later mounting what officials termed anticipatory research into military electronics investigations of ad- vanced communications, electronic countermeasures, missile guidance, digital...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2007) 37 (2): 435–452.
Published: 01 March 2007
... the research community to politicians and the White House (some would say down- ward The direction began to reverse when President Richard Nixon grew dis- gusted with physicists opposition to ballistic missile defense and other Cold War initiatives. Under the early Reagan administration, top...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2006) 37 (1): 127–151.
Published: 01 September 2006
... measure the satellite s precise distance above the surface.30 An old Atlas ballistic missile pushed Seasat into its polar orbit on June 26, 1978. One hundred six days later, it failed catastrophically. A power coupling shorted out, depriving the spacecraft of electricity. This was both a disaster for the...