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applied-research

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (4): 255–282.
Published: 01 September 2012
...Rebecca Slayton Large, military-funded, applied research laboratories became a common and controversial feature of Cold War academe. This paper examines the origins and first twelve years of Lincoln Labs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with two primary purposes. First, it extends our...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 41–49.
Published: 02 April 2020
..., associated with Paul Forman, is that technology and applied research achieved cultural primacy over basic science after 1980. On this view, the journal is simply following society’s lead in turning away from basic science. This article argues, instead, that the field of science and technology studies, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (1): 76–106.
Published: 01 February 2017
... decisive for the Estado Novo government, and the Alcobaça Station became a model for the future organization of other countries’ applied forestry research centers. The paper shows how the milieu of forestry scientists and breeders played an important role in the development and institutionalization of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (1): 49–84.
Published: 01 February 2015
... conception. Barr collaborated with other researchers and potential patients who applied the sex chromatin test, hoping that it could identify the “true” sex of intersexuals, homosexuals, and transsexuals. Ironically, the application of the test to intersexuals would lead to a revision of the identity of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 456–481.
Published: 23 September 2020
... its planning, and addressed issues of basic research as well as applied research in science and the social sciences. Insisting on scientific plan- ning, economic development and education were aligned with the Soviet model and its wish to propagandize an alternative to the US technical assistance...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 384–410.
Published: 23 September 2020
... will be thoroughly investigated, but there are also many practical questions with respect to the conduct of fisheries at sea . . . 22 For the Prime Minister there was a clear dichotomy between pure science and practical applied research. British interest lay in fishing rather than marine biology, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 433–455.
Published: 23 September 2020
... period between conservation diplomacy and environmental diplomacy. In it, conservation was understood as the top-down management of foreign territories for research purposes. While this can be partly understood as the globalization of the Swiss model for conservation, it arrived in Spain through the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 411–432.
Published: 23 September 2020
... the grand alliance that led to the signing of these agreements actually reveals that they represented a defining feature of tripartite relations, mobilizing a number of officers, diplomats, and scientists in govern- ment departments, research organizations, embassies, and consulates.5 Sugges- tively...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 323–339.
Published: 23 September 2020
... prosperity and social progress, nationally and globally. Scholars follow suit, curious to know more about this phenomenon and its present and future potential. Science diplomacy s past manifestations have attracted some interest too, featuring as a key research item in the agenda of the Historical Commission...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 364–383.
Published: 23 September 2020
... civilization per se. It applied to a general, potentially universal condition. As the British philosopher H. Wildon Carr wrote in the preface, Were the discourse by M. Bergson no more than the utterance of a philos- opher stirred by deep patriotic feeling to uphold his country s cause and denounce his country...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 549–576.
Published: 01 September 2015
... pedigree they uncovered, Boogher and Brodhead could rejoice in its cleanliness32 Brodhead s extensive family history research earned him membership in several lineage societies. His appli- cation to Colonial Dames of the State of New York traced seven generations back to 1667. Besides being a member of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (2): 99–139.
Published: 01 April 2014
... Leopold Infeld. The conference had 114 participants, from 22 countries.28 This was the first elucidation of the dia- grams, in the context of research. To understand the importance of infinity to physics, it is necessary to understand the role of boundary conditions applied to physicists equations...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 217–247.
Published: 28 May 2020
... physical interpretation and were pursued for the sake of their own rigor. Pushing questions in practical and applied mathematics to the side, American mathematicians filled the pages of journals, dissertations, and conference proceedings with research in fields like group theory and postulate theory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
..., and Letters should constitute the backbone of the [USP] system, and also have an overriding concern with scientific research and non-applied studies. 24 Shortly after the 1932 armed uprising, not long before the founding of USP (by a group of people connected to the O Estado de Sa o Paulo newspaper...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 302–310.
Published: 28 May 2020
... research. A slim volume, Instrumental Lives nevertheless smartly makes space for mul- tiple photographs of the innovative instruments in question, and includes appendices of interview notes that give nuance to the main story (including delightful moments of the author trying to explain STS to the subjects...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 311–322.
Published: 28 May 2020
... brought back in to policy research so that our understanding of challenging development issues can be improved. 3 Sociologists of religion have shown how popular (mis)understandings of sci- ence can prejudice the idea that some religious communities pose a threat to the West. 4 Science educators...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... together comprise almost 200 pages in short, they amount to a monograph smuggled into the periodical. The authors sought to make a case for applied research as a field for historical inquiry.4 They refracted Industrial Europe once again through a notion of (scientific) research; that is, the authors do...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 209–216.
Published: 02 April 2020
... applied research led Condon to frequent job changes. Concerned that he was falling behind in his understanding of developments in fundamental research, he decided to return to academe. However, rather than return for a permanent position at Berkeley, he accepted a position at Prince- ton in 1928, left...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 81–89.
Published: 02 April 2020
... cultures in experimental systematics organized around collection and compar- ison, while Mary Sunderland offered a museum case study of collections-based research, and Kim Kleinman shone a light on transfers of ideas and practices between natural history and applied mathematics and statistics.8 Finding...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 67–73.
Published: 02 April 2020
... was not framed as a path-breaking historical study on climate change, but as an investigation into how social factors such as funding and global politics shaped research. It proposed an evolutionary model of scientific **AHP-PReST, Universite´ de Strasbourg, CNRS (French National Center for...