1-20 of 29 Search Results for

algorithm

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... nation-state, with approaches from Critical Algorithm Studies, to question the algorithm’s role in the global “computer revolution.” It traces the algorithm’s trajectory across several geographical, political, and discursive spaces to argue that its mutable cultural valences made the algorithm a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
... prediction emerged from subfields within applied statistics, artificial intelligence, and database management. This essay looks at representative developments within computational statistics and pattern recognition from the 1950s onward, in the United States and beyond, central to the explosion of algorithms...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... of classification, recommendation, personalization, and prediction that increas- ingly structure ordinary life. It is economically present as the basis of disruptive new business models and looming forms of monopolistic control. Fed into machine learning algorithms, it underwrites autonomous...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... bourgeoisie at Caltech. Recent contributions in HSNS speak to, for example, the symbiotic activity of a range of scientists and engineers in Materials Science and Engineering Physics, space science policy and NASA, Peak Oil, algorithms and computing, and the battery-powered automobile all of which provide...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... Algorithmically: From Cold War Computer Science to the Socialist Information Culture, HSNS 49, no. 2 (2019): 194 225. 2. E.g., Kenkichiro Koizumi, The Emergence of Japan s First Physicists: 1868 1900, HSPS 6 (1975): iv 108. 3. E.g., Robert E. Kohler, Irving Langmuir and the Octet Theory of Valence, HSPS 4...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495556–565 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.556
Published: 01 November 2019
..., Eurocentric, and Anglocentric explanations and config- urations of data and information. It also corresponds with the growing inter- disciplinary fields of critical algorithm and data studies. Common across *Postdoctoral researcher, AI Now Institute at New York University; theodora@ainowin stitute.org. 556...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492226–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.226
Published: 01 April 2019
... probably did make provocative statements along these lines in discussion, but 16. Aage Petersen, The Philosophy of Niels Bohr, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 19 (1963): 8 14, on 12: When asked whether the algorithm of quantum mechanics could be considered as somehow mirroring an underlying quantum...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485549–556 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.549
Published: 01 November 2018
... now is the making of algorithms to anticipate and to nudge future behaviors on the basis of all the numbers generated by previous actions and choices. Historical research on data has been stimulated by these commercial data empires, but it has never been a mere cheerleader. Technology moguls and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485594–603 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.594
Published: 01 November 2018
... psychological processes depend both on computational power and on quantity of acceptable data.3 Neither for com- puters nor for minds was it obvious that data-driven procedures should be preferred to conceptually driven ones. Machines and algorithms have long enjoyed a special status on account of their...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485637–647 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.637
Published: 01 November 2018
... Heat List, also known more soberly as the Strategic Subject List, promotes preemptive therapeutic intervention in the lives of young people under age 20 who could be warned that they are singled out as potential lawbreakers, or so its developers intended. The list results from algorithmic processing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485581–593 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.581
Published: 01 November 2018
... that no person can claim to really know it. Trust in this kind of data amounts to trusting the algorithms that handle it for us. A genealogical approach to data history can help us better understand, if not escape, the implicit choices and compromises that have been made in seeing the world as data...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485616–626 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.616
Published: 01 November 2018
... behavioral patterns rightly belong to 33. Colin Koopman, The Algorithm and the Watchtower, The New Inquiry, 9 Sep 2015. 34. Shoshona Zuboff, Big Other: Surveillance Capitalism and the Prospects of an Infor- mation Civilization, Journal of Information Technology 30, no. 1 (2015): 75 89. 35. Mary Madden...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485648–658 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.648
Published: 01 November 2018
... for the objects themselves in bio- logical work. Databases and algorithms determine what sorts of objects exist and the relationships between them. Compared with the 1960s and 1970s, life looks different to biologists in the early twenty-first century.2 As the author suggests, biological objects are...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... cognitive tasks into processes that a computer could carry out seems to have generated entirely new methods, for machines, humans, or both. In contem- porary biology, for example, databases and algorithms determine what sorts of objects exist and relationships between them the historian and ethnog- rapher...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474568–577 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.568
Published: 01 September 2017
... rationalitythe style of formalistic, algorithmical, and automated decision-making designed to replace human judgement, emotions, and the inadequacies of human reason. The Cuban Missile Crisis, one of the most studied episodes in twentieth-century history, has become a pivotal event for the fortification of this...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465633–668 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.633
Published: 01 November 2016
... California Press, 1995). DREAMS IN CYBERNET I C FUGUE | 641 worked18 On the basis of this understanding, Gerovitch offers a narrative in which cybernetics wielded mathematical and algorithmic rigor against the obfuscatory newspeak of Stalinism, a politics via science, but ended up, under the dual...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 462252–259 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.2.252
Published: 01 April 2016
... Daston suggests that these dramatic changes may require an onto- logical account of scientific images in which the image is the presentation (320 21) to understand the role of devices such as atomic force microscopes or computer algorithms in image making. Images may no longer be merely...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 462243–251 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.2.243
Published: 01 April 2016
... point, it must be stressed that this integration was often more intentional than factual. Pace cybernetics and systems theory, there is nothing like a single algorithm able to contain the whole closed world.13 This is central to any discussion on the global environ- ment. As these four books show...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 413344–353 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.3.344
Published: 01 August 2011
... it as a precise thermometer whose data actually measure the temperature of the free atmosphere, and which happened to disprove the existence of global warming (414). The MSU, in fact, actually measures the microwave emissions of oxygen molecules in the atmosphere, and an inversion algorithm is...