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alexander-smith

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474494–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.494
Published: 01 September 2017
... toward the expanding discipline of physical chemistry, specifically, a vision of physical chemistry indebted to Ostwald. Like the Toronto chemists, Chicago physical chemist Alexander Smith lamented high school textbooks’ overreliance on the atomic theory and promoted the use of laboratory terms. Both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... Vegetation (Washington, DC: Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1916), 319. 17. Frederik Albritton Jonsson, Abundance and Scarcity in Geological Time, 1784 1844, in Nature, Action and the Future: Political Thought and the Environment, eds. Katrina Forrester and Sophie Smith (Cambridge: Cambridge University...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... Laura DassowWalls, borrowing from Alexander von Humboldt, refers to as a dynamic and integrative rational empiricism. Following Walls lead, I want to turn the history of the vitalist-mechanist debate on its head and suggest that the oppositional character of the vitalist-mechanist and active-versus...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... research, especially survey techniques, at the service of the military. See Peter Buck, Adjusting to Military Life: The Social Sciences Go toWar, 1941 1950, inMilitary Enterprise and Technological Change: Perspectives on the American Experience, ed. M. R. Smith (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985), 205 52...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485581–593 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.581
Published: 01 November 2018
... representations of the stratigraphic layers of the earth, arranged either as topographical maps (William Smith) or idealized stratigraphic columns (Georges Cuvier and Alexandre Brongniart), others followed the tradition of Priestley and Playfair by representing temporal data in graphical space.14 One of the first...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
...Evan Hepler-Smith This article addresses the history of how chemists designed syntheses of complex molecules during the mid-to-late twentieth century, and of the relationship between devising, describing, teaching, and computerizing methods of scientific thinking in this domain. It details the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
... made a similar donation in 1961 to Hobart and William Smith College, in Geneva, New York. Perhaps coincidentally, the head of the chemistry department at Hobart and Smith was the son of one of the foundation s board of directors. 18. Photographs and press releases related to the grants and monuments...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483259–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.259
Published: 01 June 2018
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... apprehen- sion of the landscape.5 The term physiognomy refers back to Alexander von Humboldt, who had argued that one could see in a single glance that the vegetational zones of the earth have distinct physiognomies. Each of Humboldt s zones had been uni- fied wholes in their own way and were as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474578–587 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.578
Published: 01 September 2017
... European Alps, culminating in the new visual technology of panoramas. Albert Smith s extremely popular Piccadilly show in the 1850s enabled the London middle classes to climb Mont Blanc, while visitors to the actual Mont Blanc would gaze at mountaineers through tele- scopes. As della Dora argues, Visual...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473349–388 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.349
Published: 01 June 2017
... Joseph Rotblat (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2012). For Germany, see Alexander Schwerin, Strahlenforschung: Bio- und Risikopolitik der DFG, 1920 1970 (Stuttgart: Steiner, 2015). 12. As William deJong-Lambert points out, Mu¨ller s [sic], Dobzhansky s, and Dunn s efforts against Lysenko...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465669–709 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.669
Published: 01 November 2016
... institutions operated. 8. Oswald Veblen, Opening Address of Professor Oswald Veblen included in J. R. Kline, Secretary s Report in Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 1950, ed. Lawrence M. Graves, Paul A. Smith, Einar Hille, and Oscar Zariski...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465592–632 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.592
Published: 01 November 2016
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 464528–537 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.4.528
Published: 01 September 2016
... influences Adam Smith, Thomas Robert Malthus, William Paley, Charles Lyell, and so on through the animal breeders and others, until he discovered his mechanism of natural selection and put together a theory according to the 6. Robert J. Richards and Michael Ruse, Debating Darwin (Chicago: University of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463360–391 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.360
Published: 01 June 2016
... discussions on Clausius s influence on thermodynamics, especially on British scholars, see Smith, Science of Energy (ref. 10), 150 69 and 239 67. 46. Rocke, Image and Reality (ref. 26), 32 37. 47. Paul, Alexander W. Williamson (ref. 15), 28 31. 374 | P E T I T Moreover, Williamson and his supporters...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463270–312 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.270
Published: 01 June 2016
.... Ibid., 2 4; Keith Smith and Roy Ward, Floods: Physical Processes and Human Impacts (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 1998), 151; David Pugh, Changing Sea Levels: Effects of Tides, Weather and Climate (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 139 41. 19. Smith and Ward, Floods (ref. 18...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455758–804 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.758
Published: 01 November 2015
... Project 137, then Project JASON was the consolation prize.19 17. On RAND, see: Bruce L. R. Smith, The RAND Corporation: Case Study of a Nonprofit Advisory Corporation (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966); David R. Jardini, Out of the Blue Yonder: The RAND Corporation s Diversification into...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455641–702 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.641
Published: 01 November 2015
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 451174–197 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.174
Published: 01 February 2015
... intellectual disabil- ities, were studied to identify extra or missing chromosomes.14 In late 1961, Malcolm Ferguson-Smith, a young British physician who had recently returned form a three-year fellowship in Victor McKusick s - Barbara McClintock s Ideas in the Century of Genetics (Woodbury, NY: Cold Spring...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 45114–48 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.14
Published: 01 February 2015
... the AEC) underlined the concerns raised by Muller about the genetic consequences of even permissible radiation doses. Alexander Hollaender, who headed radio- biology research at the AEC s Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was a major contributor to this development, supporting research programs and...