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accelerators

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362297–309 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.297
Published: 01 March 2006
...MARÍÍA DE LA PAZ RAMOS LARA ABSTRACT The first Van de Graaff particle accelerator in Latin America was installed at the Universidad Nacional Autóónoma de Mééxico (UNAM) in 1952. This event marked the beginning of experimental nuclear physics, exclusively for peaceful purposes, in Mexico. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362275–296 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.275
Published: 01 March 2006
... went ahead and the Institute of Nuclear Study (INS) opened in 1955. Within a few years, physicists sought to establish a second major accelerator facility. Sectionalism among physicists and shortage of funds plagued attempts to establish the National Laboratory for High Energy Physics (KEK) which...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1997; 272299–317 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757781
Published: 01 January 1997
... Munro to Bowen, 13 Aug 1945, CRS C3830, D9/4 (a). 33 (ref. 24), 6, "Origins," (ref. 24), 86. 34 Alvarez, (ref.18), 154 Robert Seidel, "Accelerating science: The postwar transforma- tion of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory," HSPS, 13:2 (1983), 375–400, on 380. 35 Bowen to White, 13...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362213–241 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.213
Published: 01 March 2006
...R. W. HOME ABSTRACT From the mid-1930s, Australian physicists, though few in number, sought to join the exciting new field of research then opening up in experimental nuclear physics. Such research was already, however, largely based on the use of particle accelerators, and to acquire one demanded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2006; 362343–364 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2006.36.2.343
Published: 01 March 2006
...DIEGO HURTADO DE MENDOZA; ANA MARIA VARA ABSTRACT Experimental nuclear physics in Argentina entered the era of so-called ““big science”” with a project to build a 20 MeV tandem-type accelerator for heavy ions. Promoted by the group of nuclear physicists of Argentina's National Atomic Energy...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2004; 351115–152 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2004.35.1.115
Published: 01 September 2004
...ROLAND WITTJE ABSTRACT: Johan Holtsmark at the Norwegian Institute of Technology (N.T.H.) in Trondheim, Norway, built a Van de Graaff generator for nuclear disintegration between 1933 and 1937. This is believed to be the second Van de Graaff generator in Europe and the first particle accelerator in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1993; 241101–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757713
Published: 01 January 1993
...Adrienne Kolb; Lillian Hoddeson Copyright 1993 The Regents of the University of California [Footnotes] 1 W. Panofsky to A. Kolb, 29 Mar 1991, FHC. 2 R.R. Wilson, "Toward a world accelerator laboratory," 16 Aug 1978, Fermilab TM-811 W. Owen Lock, "Origins and early years of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1983; 132375–400 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757520
Published: 01 January 1983
... and 31 Aug, 21 Sep, 10 Oct, 27 Nov 1945 Ingles to Jewett, 11 and 27 Aug, and 21 Nov 1945 Al- varez, "The design of a proton linear accelerator," PR, 70 (1946), 799–800. 14 McMillan to Lawrence, 4 Jul 1945 Alvarez to Lawrence, 7 Jul 1945 (EOL 1:16) McMillan, "The synchrotron—a pro- posed...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
...” will see the attempt to overcome the limitations of a fully developed apparatus by flexibly intervening in the geometry of the experiment, moving it up to the mountains or at different distances from the particle accelerator by stressing at maximum, and then exhausting, the generation of new knowledge...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452217–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.217
Published: 01 April 2015
...Olof Hallonsten The synchrotron radiation activities at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (formerly Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) started out in 1972 as a small-scale Stanford University project. The project gradually grew to become one of the first national centers for synchrotron...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 384479–507 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.4.479
Published: 01 November 2008
...Robert W. Seidel Computing in high-energy physics relied on large computers and dedicated central facilities in the 1960s and 1970s. With the advent of colliding-beam accelerators, minicomputers, and microcomputers in the 1980s, physicists elaborated a new decentralized model of computing in high...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 384569–609 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.4.569
Published: 01 November 2008
...Catherine Westfall In the early 1980s, David Shirley tried to launch a new synchrotron light source for materials science at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL). Building accelerators was LBL's stock-in-trade. Yet with the Advanced Light Source (ALS) nothing proceeded as in the past. Whereas nuclear...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454513–548 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.513
Published: 01 September 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453447–492 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.447
Published: 01 June 2015
... research center for accelerator physics, particle physics, and photon science. The last is an umbrella term for research using synchrotron radiation and, in later years, free-electron laser. Synchrotron radiation emerged initially as a peripheral part of the laboratory activities but grew to become a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... briefly for the University of Minnesota and returned in 1930, all the while contributing to the nuclear theory of atomic and molecular 210 | W E S T FA L L spectra based on data from high-voltage accelerators and co-writing an acclaimed textbook the first by American authors on quantum mechanics, Theory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... Krige-Dominique Pestre studies of CERN, and accelerated with studies of different national laboratories in the United States and abroad, leading by the 2000s into a trio of special issues that put the institutions of 3. Russell McCormmach, Editor s Foreword, HSPS 1 (1969): vii ix, on vii viii. 84 | C...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-225–30 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.25
Published: 02 April 2020
... Transistor, HSPS 12, no. 1 (1981): 41 76; Barton J. Bernstein, In the Matter of J. Robert Oppenheimer, HSPS 12, no. 2 (1982): 195 252; Robert W. Seidel, Accelerating Science: The Postwar Transformation of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, HSPS 13, no. 2 (1983): 375 400; Alan A. Needell, Nuclear...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-231–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.31
Published: 02 April 2020
...), 261 326. 36 | M ENZE L AND KA I S ER attention toward the national security contexts of quantum electronics. . . . My thesis is that here American physics, accelerating in historic quanti- tative growth, underwent a qualitative change in its purposes and char- acter, an enlistment and integration of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020