[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Nathan Reingold, "Choosing the future: The US research community, 1944–1946,"
HSPS, 25 (1995), 301–328, on 301.
2
R.W. Home, "Science on service, 1939–45,"
R.W. Home, ed., Australian science in the making (Cambridge, 1988), 308–344, on 221.
3
Geoffrey Bolton, The Oxford history of Australia, Vol. 5: The middle way (Melbourne, 1996), 28–30.
4
D.P. Mellor, The role of science and industry (Canberra, 1958), 444.
5
J.D. Atkinson, DSIR's first fifty years (New Zealand, 1976), 60–61, 65.
6
"Physics in Australia to 1945," for biographical information on F.W.G. White (http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au).
7
"Report to the Executive on postwar reconstruction," 22 Mar 1943, CRS C3823, E12/2.
8
Rivett to White, 27 Jul 1944, CRS C3823, E12/2.
9
F.W.G. White, "A discussion of CSIR," 19 Jul 1944, CRS C3823 E12/2.
10
Ibid.
11
C.B. Schedvin, Shaping science and industry: A history of Australia's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, 1926–49
(Sydney, 1987), 312.
12
White (ref. 9).
13
Ibid.
D.T. Gillespie, "Research management in the CSIRO," Public administration (London), 46 (1964), 11–31, on 25.
14
White to Rivett, 29 Oct 1943
CSIRO Archives, Series 3, PH BOW/9 Pt. 1
E.G. Bowen, Radar days (Bristol, 1987), 196.
15
Bowen (ibid.), 50
A.P. Rowe, One story of radar (Cambridge, 1948), 25
R. Hanbury- Brown, H.C. Minnett, and F.W.G. White, "Edward George Bowen," Royal Society of Lon- don, Biographical memoirs of Fellows, 38 (1992), 43–65, on 50–51.
16
Ibid., 52.
17
DuBridge to the Director General, British Air Commission, 10 Jan 1944, CRS C3830, E13/11.
18
Luis W. Alvarez, Alvarez: Adventures of a physicist (New York, 1987), 88.
19
Bowen to Rivett, 20 Nov 1944, CSIRO Archives, Series 3, PH/BOW/9 Pt. 1.
20
Bowen to Rivett, 27 Mar 1945, CRS C3823, E19/1.
21
J. Freeman, A passion for physics: The story of a woman physicist (Bristol, 1991), 91– 92.
22
Bowen to Munro (ASRLO), 10 Mar 1945, CRS C3823, E13/2/1.
23
E.G. Bowen, "Future Program of the Division of Radiophysics," 2 Jul 1945
Bowen (ref. 14), 199–200.
24
E.G. Bowen, "The origins of radio astronomy in Australia," in W.T. Sullivan, ed., The early years of radio astronomy: Reflections fifty years on from Jansky's discovery (Cambridge, 1984), 85–112, on 85
J.P. Wild, "The beginnings of radio astronomy in Australia," Records of the Australia Academy of Science, 2 (Nov 1972), 52–61, on 52
25
Prof. L.H. Martin, early 1945, CRS C3830, E2/2. Pt. 1.
26
Bowen to Rivett, 3 Apr 1945, and reply, 6 Apr 1945, CRS C3830, A2/1. Pt. 2.
27
A. Cawte, Atomic Australia: 1944-1990 (New South Wales, 1992), 7
28
Bowen to White, 27 June 1945, CRS C3823, E19/1.
29
J.L. Pawsey, "Atomic power and American work on the development of the atomic bomb," Australian journal of science, 8 (Aug 1945), 41–47, on 41.
30
Bowen to White, 9 Aug 1945, CRS C3830, A2/1. Pt. 2.
31
G. Julius, "The growth of science in Australia," Sydney morning herald, 29 Dec 1945.
X. Primrose, "A powerful paradox: Australian public opinion and atomic energy, 1945–1960" (thesis, Australian National University, 1994).
32
Munro to Bowen, 13 Aug 1945, CRS C3830, D9/4 (a).
33
(ref. 24), 6,
"Origins," (ref. 24), 86.
34
Alvarez, (ref.18), 154
Robert Seidel, "Accelerating science: The postwar transforma- tion of the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory," HSPS, 13:2 (1983), 375–400, on 380.
35
Bowen to White, 13 Sep 1945, CRS C3830, E2/2 Pt. 1
E.L. Ginzton, W.W. Hansen, and W.R. Kennedy, "A linear electron accelerator," Review of scientific instruments, 19 (1948), 89–108.
36
E.G. Bowen, O.O. Pulley, and J.S. Gooden, "Application of pulse technique to the ac- celeration of elementary particles," Nature, 157 (1946), 840.
37
CSIR, Annual report, 20 (1946), 89.
38
White to Bowen, 5 Jul 1946, CRS C3830, A2/5A/1.
39
Seidel (ref. 34), 389.
40
P. Galison, B. Hevly, and R. Lowen, "Controlling the monster: Stanford and the growth of physics research, 1935–1962," in Galison and Hevly, eds., Big science: The growth of large-scale research (Stanford, 1992), 46–77, on 58–59.
41
CSIR, Annual report, 20-22 (1946-1948), esp. 21 (1947), 99.
42
Brodribb to Bowen, 26 Feb 1948, CRS C3830, A2/5(a) Pt. 2.
43
Mellor (ref. 4), 439.
44
N.A. Whiffen, Australian Legation SRLO, Washington to Chief, Radiophy- sics CSIR, 28 Jan 1946, CRS C3830, F6/3.
45
Seidel (ref. 34), 380
Alvarez (ref. 18), 154.
46
Mellor(ref. 4), 427–431.
47
W.T. Sullivan, "Early years of Australian radio astronomy," in Home (ref. 2), 308– 344, on 334.
48
Freeman (ref. 21), 94–95
F.J. Kerr "Early days in radio and radar astronomy in Aus- tralia," in Sullivan (ref. 24), 133–146, on 133.
49
Bowen to Marsden, 27 Jul 1945, C3830, A1/1/1 Pt 1.
Marsden to Bowen, 20 Aug 1945, ibid.
Ruby Payne-Scott, "Solar noise," The Sun (8 Oct 1946), CRS C3830, D9/2/2.
50
B. Lovell, "Joseph Lade Pawsey," Royal Society of London, Biographical memoirs of Fellows, 10 (1964), 229–243, on 230–231.
51
Ibid., 234.
52
Bowen, "Origins" (ref. 24), 87–88.
53
Wild (ref. 24), 53.
54
Bowen to White, 17 Oct 1945, CRS C3830, A1/1/1 Pt. 1.
55
Pawsey to Woolley, 23 Nov 1945
Bowen to Marsden, 6 Nov 1945, CRS C3830, Al/1/1 Pt. 1.
56
D. Edge, "Styles of research in three early radio astronomy groups," in Sullivan (ref. 24), 351–364, on 351–352.
57
Bowen to Marsden (ref. 55).
58
Marsden to Pawsey, 24 Nov 1945, CRS C3830, Al/1/1 Pt. 1.
59
Elisabeth Alexander, DSIR New Zealand, to Pawsey, 23 Nov 1945, CRS C3830, A1/1/1 Pt. 1.
60
Bowen to White, 18 Jan 1946, CSIRO Archives. Series 3, KE/5/26.
61
E.G. Bowen, "Programme of the Division of Radiophysics: 1946," 8 Aug 1946, 4.
62
Bowen to Woolley, 7 May 1947, CRS C3830, A1/1/1 Pt. 2.
63
Pawsey to Bowen, 23 Jan 1948, CRS C3830, F1/4/PAW/1 Pt. 1.
64
J.S. Hey, "Radio astronomy," Science progress, 39 (1951), 427–448, on 427.
65
Bowen to Cook, 15 Mar 1950, CSIRO Archives, Series 3, PH/BOL/5B.
66
Pawsey, "Solar and cosmic noise research in the United States and Canada," 1948, CRS C3820, A1/1/5 Pt. 2.
67
Bowen (ref. 65).
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