[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
David Noble, America by design (New York, 1977)
John Servos, "The industrial rela- tions of science: Chemical engineering at MIT, 1900–1939," Isis, 81 (1980), 531–549
Physical chemistry from Ostwald to Pauling. The making of a science in America (Princeton, 1990)
W. Bernard Carlson, "Academic entrepreneurship and engineering education: Dugald C. Jackson and the cooperative engineering course, 1907– 1932," TC, 29 (1988), 536–569.
2
Gabriel Kolko, The triumph of conservatism (New York, 1963).
3
Noble (ref. 1), xxiv and 169
4
George Wise, "A new role for professional scientists in industry: Industrial research at General Electric, 1900–1916," TC, 21 (1980), 408^29
Willis Whitney, General Electric, and the origins of U.S. industrial research (New York, 1985).
5
Servos (ref. 1).
6
Carlson (ref. 1).
7
Victor Baldridge, Power and conflict in the university (New York, 1971)
Jeffrey Pfeffer and Gerald Salancik, "Organizational decision making as a political process: The case of the university budget," Administrative science quarterly, 19 (1974), 135–151
Gerald Salan- cik and Jeffrey Pfeffer, "The bases and use of power in organizational decision making: The case of a university," ibid., 453–473
Roy Levicki, Blair Sheppard, and Max Bazerman, eds., Research on negotiation in organizations (Greenwich, 1986), 93–154.
8
Ellen Swallow Richards, "The elevation of applied science to an equal rank with the so- called learned professions," in Congress of Technology, Technology and industrial efficiency (New York, 1911), 125
Samuel Prescott, When MIT was Boston Tech (Cambridge, 1954).
Akira Tachikawa, "The two sciences and religion in antebellum New England: The founding of the Museum of Comparative Zoology and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology," (Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1978)
9
Emma Rogers and William Segdwick, eds., The life and letters of William Barton Rogers (2 vols., Boston, 1896).
10
American Association for the Promotion of Social Science, Do- cument published by the Association with an abridgement of the transactions (Boston, 1866), 3 and 13.
11
Jacob Bigelow, Address on the limits of education read before the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology (Boston, 1865), 25.
12
Rogers, "Report of the Joint Standing Committee of the Massachusetts Legislature on the Memorial of the Associated Instituions of Science and Art," in Rogers and Segdwick (ref. 9), 2, 426.
13
Bigelow (ref. 11), 17.
14
Tachikawa (ref. 8)
Edward Lurie, Louis Agassiz: A life in science (Baltimore, 1988), 136–141 and 326–331.
15
Rogers, Elements of mechanical philosophy (Boston, 1852), 3, 17.
16
Rogers, speech of 17 Dec 1862, in Rogers and Sedgwick (ref. 9), 2, 138–139.
17
Edward Pickering, Ele- ments of physical manipulation (New York, 1876), 1, vi–vii, and 2, 292–295
Charles Eliot, "President Eliot and MIT," TR, 22 (1920), 433–435.
18
Robert Bruce, Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the conquest of solitude (Boston, 1973), 99, 110–112.
19
Walker, "The Potsdam Address," 16–17, in MC298–4–"Technical education," 1896, MIT/ASC
Monte Calvert, The mechanical engineer in America, 1830–1910 (New York, 1967).
20
James Munroe, A life of Francis Amassa Walker (New York, 1923)
Bernard Newton, The economics of Francis Amassa Walker: American economics in transition (New York, 1968)
Arthur Mann, Yankee reformers in the urban age (Cambridge, 1954).
21
Walker, Discussions in education (New York, 1899).
22
"Some present tendencies," Stone and Webster public service journal, 13 (1913), 313– 318.
23
Bruce Seely, "Research, engineering, and science in American engineering colleges: 1900–1960," TC, 34 (1993), 344–386.
24
Gerald McFarland, Mugwumps, morals and politics, 1884–1920 (Amherst, 1975)
McFarland, ed., Moralists or pragmatists? The Mugwumps, 1884–1900 (New York, 1975).
25
Edward Atkinson to John Forbes, 4 Sep 1881, in Atkinson Papers, Massachusetts His- torical Society
Munroe (ref. 20), 375.
26
Edwin Jordan, George Whipple, and Charles Winslow, A pioneer in public health: Wil- liam Thomson Sedgwick (New Haven, 1924)
Arthur Winslow, "Robert Hallowell Richards," TR, 10 (1908), 249–258
"Professor Richards retires," TR, 16 (1914), 413–416.
27
Tenney Davis and Harry Goodwin, A history of the departments of chemistry and phy- sics at the MIT (Cambridge, 1933), 8–9.
28
Augustus Lowell, "Commemorative address to the Class of 1890," Technology quar- terly, 3 (1890), 193–201.
29
Walker, in AR, 1887–88, 49–50
1888–89, 51
1889–90, 50–52.
30
According to Charles Mann, A study of engineering education (New York, 1918), 7
31
Ira Baker, "Engineering education in the United States at the end of the century," Sci- ence, 12 (1900), 668–669.
32
Cross to Henry Pritchett, 10 June 1903, in 85–44, MIT/ASC
Cross, "Department of physics," no date, AC13–13–393
Walker, in AR, 1889–90, 25, and 1888–89, 37
James Craft, in ibid., 1897–98, 8
Harry Tyler, "The relation of the School of Technology to general educa- tion," in TR, 5 (1903), 426–439.
33
Richards, Ore dressing (New York, 1903 and 1906)
Heinrich Hofman, Notes on the metallurgy of iron and steel (MS, Stanford, circa 1900).
Frank Hall Thorp's Outlines of indus- trial chemistry; A textbook for students (New York, 1903)
34
Hofman, "The equipment of mining and metallurgical laboratories," Technology quar- terly, 8 (1895), 273.
35
Gaetano Lanza, "The educational process of training an engineer," Technology quar- terly, 6 (1893), 173, 180
Notes on dynamometers, planimeters, governors, and fly-wheels (Boston, 1899)
Dynamics of machinery (New York, 1911).
36
Walker to "Mr. Lyon," 24 Mar 1894, in MC298–2–Correspondence 1894
Louis Den- to Pritchett, 8 June 1903, in 85–44, MIT/ASC.
Walker and most faculty members wanted to "promote the industrial development of the nation;" Walker (ref. 21), 93.
37
Walker, in AR, 1886–87, 21.
38
W.E. Ayrton, "The education of the American electrical engineer," in Reports of the Mosely Educational Commission to the United States of America, October–December 1903 (London, 1904), 26–37
G.D. Shepardson, "The relations between technical schools and electrical industries," Western electrician, 15 (1894), 55.
39
Samuel Woodbridge to Pritchett, 20 June 1903, in 85–44, MIT/ASC.
40
Annual catalogue (Boston, 1884), 45.
41
Frank Allen, "To what extent and in what direc- tion is it desirable for a professor of engineering to accept engineering employment?" SPEE, Proceedings, 9 (1901), 227.
42
Woodbridge to Pritchett, 20 June 1903, in 85–44, MIT/ASC.
43
Leonard Reich, The making of American industrial research. Science and business at GE and Bell, 1876–1926 (New York, 1985), chapter 4.
44
Walker to "Mr. Lyon" (ref. 36).
45
AR, 1888
1900.
46
Walker, in ibid., 1894–95.
Walker, "To the Corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology," 29 May 1890, in MC298–1–1890.
47
Oudin to Cross, 17 Feb 1896, in 79–1, MIT/ASC
Robert Rosenberg, "Academic physics and the origins of electrical engineering in America" (Ph.D. dissertation, Johns Hopkins Universi- ty, 1990), 98.
Walker, in AR, 1886–87, 30.
48
Wise, Willis Whitney (ref. 4), 59–62, and Servos (ref. 1), 109–111.
49
Norton, "The manufacture and use of asbestos wood," in Congress of Technology (ref. 8), 375–379
Rogers, "Charles Norton," TR, 24 (1922), 455.
50
Thomas Livermore, "Address on behalf of the Corporation," TR, 3 (1901), 34.
51
According to Pritchett, "each regular student cost the Institute about $100 dollars more than he paid," AR, 1900–01, 9.
52
Treasurer's report, in ibid., 1907/8, 22–23.
53
Dugald Jackson, "Discussion," SPEE, Proceedings, 8 (1900), 221–222.
54
Richards, "The development of mining schools," in Congress of Technology (ref. 8), 136
John Freeman, "A plea for breadth of culture in the technical school," American machin- ist (12 Jan 1905), 64.
55
Hector Hughes, "Engineering and other applied sciences in the Harvard Engineering School and its predecessors," in Samuel Morrison, ed., The development of Harvard Universi- ty since the inauguration of President Eliot 1869–1929 (Cambridge, 1930), 426.
56
Waterman Hewett, Cornell University (4 vols, New York, 1905), 2, 303–325.
Frank Allen, "Address of the president," SPEE, Proceedings, 12 (1904), 13.
57
AR, 1914–15, 48.
58
W. Bernard Carlson, Innovation as a social process (Cambridge, 1991)
David Houn- sell, Science and corporate strategy (Cambridge, 1988)
Reich (ref. 43); Wise, "A new role for professional scientists" (ref. 4)
Henry Talbot, "Chemistry and chemical engineering," in AR, 1904–05, 43–44.
59
Roger Geiger, To advance knowledge: The rise of American research universities 1900–1940 (New York, 1986)
"Minority report," TR, 7 (1905), 49–77.
60
Abraham Flexner, Henry Pritchett (New York, 1943)
Thomas Livermore, "Address on behalf of the Corporation," TR, 3 (1901), 33–35.
61
Samuel Hays, "The politics of reform in municipal government in the Progressive Era," Pacific Northwest quarterly, 55 (1964), 157–169
Kolko (ref. 2)
James Weinstein, The corporate ideal in the American state (Boston, 1968)
Robert Wiebe, The search for order (New York, 1967).
62
Pritchett, "To the freshmen," TR, 6 (1904), 82–84
"The relation of educated men to the state," Science, 12 (1900), 657–666
"Is there a place for professional commerce?" Na- tional Association of Cotton Manufacturers, Transactions, 70 (1901), 73–84
"The place of in-
dustrial and technological training in popular education," TR, 4 (1902), 10-37
"New England's leadership in the twentieth century," ibid., 5 (1903), 294–304
"How science helps industry in Germany," The American monthly illustrated review of reviews, 33 (1906), 167– 170
"The Roosevelt doctrine of.a strong navy," The outlook (11 Jan 1908), 73–79.
63
AR, 1901–02
Alfred Burton, "The work of the dean of the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology," SPEE, Proceedings, 12 (1904), 230–242.
64
Pritchett, "Shall the university become a business corporation?" Atlantic monthly, 96 (1905), 289–299.
Laurence Veysey, The evolution of the American university (Chicago, 1970), 302– 317.
65
Pritchett, "Is there a place for professional commerce?" (ref. 62), 83.
66
Pritchett, "The relation of educated men to the state" (ref. 62), 665.
67
Pritchett, "How science helps industry in Germany" (ref. 62), 167; AR, 1902–03, 18– 19.
68
Jordan et al. (ref. 26)
Earle Phelps, "The work of the Sanitary Research Laboratory and Sewage Experiment Station of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology," in Congress of Technology (ref. 8), 449–462.
69
Ibid., 16.
Segdwick, "The Graduate School of Engineering Research," in AR 1903-04, 36–38, and 1904–05, 41–42
Noyes to Jackson, 18 Dec 1907, in MC5–4–276, MIT/ASC.
70
MIT, Annual catalogues, 1901–02 to 1903–04
Bulletin, 1904, 1905.
71
Pritchett, AR, 1905–06, 21–23.
"Industrial service" appeared for the first time in AR, 1907.
72
Pritchett, "Talk to alumni," TR, 7 (1905), 2–4.
73
"Agreement," in TR, 7 (1905), 81–88.
74
George Hale to Freeman, in Freeman, "Silas Whitcomb Holman," TR, 3 (1901), 28–29.
75
Bruce Sinclair, "Inventing a genteel tradition: MIT crosses the river," in Sinclair, ed., New perspectives on technology and American culture (Philadelphia, 1986), 11–18.
76
"Majority report," TR, 7 (1905), 3–48.
77
Cross to Pritchett, 10 June 1903, 85–44:
78
Ibid.; Richards to Pritchett, 8 June 1903, 85–44.
79
Pritchett from Cross, 10 June, Louis Derr, 8 June, Richard Lodge, 15 June, Richards, 8 June, Samuel Woodbridge, 15 June 1903, all in 85–44.
80
Thomas Pope to Pritchett, 15 June 1903, 85–44
"Majority report," TR, 7 (1905), 9
Tyler, "The relation of the school of technology to general education," TR, 5 (1903), 426– 440.
81
Reynolds, ed., The engineer in America (Chicago, 1991), 343– 365.
82
Holman to Goodwin, 10 Jan 1899, in MC121–5, MIT/ASC.
83
Holman, "The function of the laboratory," TR, 1 (1899), 13–34.
84
Freeman (ref. 74), 29
Holman (ibid.), 22
Noyes, in AR, 1907–08, 18
Noyes, "Talk to first-year students," TR, 9 (1907), 5.
85
Holman (ref. 83), 30–31.
86
Noyes, in AR, 1907–08
"Announcement," TR, 1 (1899), 4.
Hale to James Mun- roe, 17 Sep 1907
87
MIT, Catalogue, 1902–03, 54–55
Goodwin, "A new laboratory for electrochemistry," TR, 5 (1903), 477–479.
88
Servos (ref. 1), 110–155.
89
Servos (ref. 1), 150, 153.
90
Noyes, "RLPC," in AR, 1910–11, 88.
91
Noyes, "What the Institute stands for today," TR, 11 (1909), 25–27
Noyes to Hale, 5 Mar 1908, reel 27, Hale Papers (ref. 86)
Noyes, in AR, 1907–08, and 1908–09.
93
Jackson, "Electrical engineering and the public," American Institute of Electrical En- gineers, Proceedings, 30 (1902), 1138
"Conference between heads of departments and the corporation of the division of industrial co-operation and research, 23 Feb 1927," 5 in AC 13– 25–176L
Walker, "Chemical engineering and industrial progress," The journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 3 (1911), 286–292
Arthur Little, "A laboratory for public ser- vice," TR, 11 (1909), 16–18, 22–24.
94
Jackson, "Discussion," SPEE, Proceedings, 24 (1916), 290–293
"What the technical schools expect of industry," Science, 72 (1930), 640:
95
Sidney Kirkpatrick, ed., Twenty five years of chemical engineering (New York, 1933), 356
Walker to Noyes, 20 Jan 1919, in AC13–21–616, MIT/ASC.
96
Jackson, "The typical college courses leading with the professional and theoretical phases of electrical engineering," Science, 18 (1903), 711–712.
97
Walker, "What constitutes a chemical engineer?" The chemical engineer, 2 (1905), 1– 3
Jackson (ref. 96), 714.
98
Walker, "A laboratory course in industrial chemistry," TR, 6 (1904), 163–174.
99
MIT, Catalogue, 1901–1902, 56.
100
MIT, Bulletin, Dec 1905, 61–63
"Chemistry and chemical engineering," TR, 7 (1905), 293–295.
101
Michal McMahon, The making of a profession (New York, 1984), 70–73
Carlson (ref. 1), 542–547.
102
Jackson to Pritchett, 1906
McMahon (ref. 101), 73.
103
MIT, Catalogue, 1905, 226
Bul- letin, 1908, 86–87.
104
Jackson (ref. 96).
Carlson (ref. 1), 548–552.
105
Carlson (ref. 1).
AR, 1907–08.
107
Little (ref. 93), 19, 21
Lewis to Fish, 27 Oct 1925, in AC13–26–213L
Walker, "The new research laboratory in applied chemistry," TR, 10 (1908), 281–282
Lewis, "History of the RLAC," ca 1921, in AC13–12–355.
108
Walker, "RLAC," in AR, 1908-09
ibid., 1910–11, 90.
109
Walker, "The university and industry," The journal of industrial and engineering chemistry, 8 (1916), 63–65.
Walker, "RLAC," in AR, 1918-1919, 76.
110
"Minority report," TR, 7 (1905), 49-77.
111
Walker to Pritchett, 11 Dec 1903, 85–44.
112
Karl Wildes and Nilo Lindgren, A century of electrical en- gineering and computer science at MIT, 1882–1982
(Cambridge, 1985), 41–42
Frank Laws, "Resignation of Professor Clifford," TR, 11 (1909), 201–209
"Edward Miller," National cyclopedia of American biography, 24 (1935), 195.
114
Pritchett, 3 Sep 1903, 85–44
Talbot, "The engineering graduate: His strength and his weakness," in Congress of Technology (ref. 8), 114–123.
115
Talbot, ibid., 117
Cecil Peabody and Edward Miller, Steam boilers (New York, 1908).
116
Talbot, "Chemistry and chemical engineering," in AR, 1900–01, 33 and AR, 1904–05, 55.
117
Jackson, "Electrical engineering," in AR, 1906/7, 95–96
Wildes and Lindgren (ref. 112), 42–43.
118
Talbot, "Chemistry and chemical engineering," in AR, 1907–08.
119
AR, 1899–1900, 1907–08.
121
Hughes, "Engineering and other applied sciences in the Harvard Engineering School and its predecessors" (ref. 55), 426–432.
124
"The supplementary activities of engineering colleges," SPEE, Proceedings, 34 (1925), 288–292.
125
Maclaurin, "A national opportunity and a national duty," in AC13–13–385 (1916), 4
TR, 19 (1917), 259.
126
AR, 1908–09, 20
Maclaurin to Noyes, 12 Apr 1919, in AC13–15–437
AR, 1909–10, 19–20.
127
Fish, "The formal announcement," TR, 11 (1909), 316:
128
Fish, "The technology fund," TR, 8 (1906), 186–196:
129
Judith Goodstein, Millikan's school (New York, 1991), 77.
Jordan et al. (ref. 26), chapt. 3.
130
Maclau- rin to Eastman, 27 May 1916, in AC13–25–185L
Maclaurin to Noyes, 12 Apr 1919, AC13– 15–437.
131
Maclaurin in AR, 1912–13, 16.
132
Thomson, "Doctor Maclaurin's service as president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology," TR, 22 (1920), 361–364.
133
"Brochure of the Alumni Association," 27 Nov 1908, in AC13–13–385
Maclaurin, in AR, 1915–16, 20
"Some factors in the Institute's success," Science, 33 (1911), 593–598, on 596.
134
Maclaurin, in TR, 11 (1909), 332
Stone and Webster public service journal (Aug 1916), in AC13–13–385.
135
Maclaurin, in TR, 18 (1916), 530.
136
Maclaurin, "Some tests of academic efficiency," Popular science monthly, 76 (1910), 490:
137
"A larger contribution from the state," TR, 13 (1911), 1–12.
138
Maclaurin, in AR, 1910–11, 19
"The coming Congress of Technology," TR, 13 (1911), 147–150
"An impressive anniversary," ibid., 307–316.
139
Maclaurin to Wallace Buttrick (GEB), 17 May 1909, 8 Jul 1914, 31 Aug 1916, all in AC13–17–483.
140
Reese Jenkins, Images and enterprise: Technology and the American photographic in- dustry, 1839–1925 (Baltimore, 1975), 235.
141
Eastman to DuPont, 23 Jan 1920
Henry G. Pearson, Richard Cockburn Ma- claurin (New York, 1937), 296
Carl Ackerman, George Eastman (Boston, 1930), 403–406.
142
Herbert Baldwin, "An interview with George Eastman," TR, 22 (1920), 74–77, on 77.
143
"Eastman's gifts," 1 Jul 1929, in AC13–14–412.
144
"Report of the Treasurer," in AR, 1908–09, and 1917–18.
145
Lanza retired in 1910
Woodbridge in 1912
Richards in 1915
Cross in 1917
146
"Agreement between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard Universi- ty," in AR, 1913–14, 26–28.
147
AlR, 1908–09
1916–17.
148
Miller, "Mechanical engineering," in AR, 1910–11, 66–68
MIT, Bulletin, 47 (1911), 78–79
49 (1913), 80–81.
Jerome Hunsaker and Edwin Wilson in 1913.
149
Carlson (ref. 1).
150
"Report of the Visting Committee of the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical En- gineering," 6 Dec 1915, in AC13–5–125
Little to Walker, 21 May 1916, in AC13–21–615
Maclaurin, in AR, 1915–16, 21–22
Walker, "A master's course in chemical engineering," TR, 18 (1916), 837–845.
151
Maclaurin, AR, 1915–16, 21
Maclaurin to Eastman, 15 Dec 1917, in AC13–25–185L.
Noyes to Hale, 8 May 1915, reel 20, Hale papers (ref. 86).
152
Maclaurin, "Industry and technical schools," TR, 19 (1917), 259:
153
Lewis, "Conference between heads of departments and the Corporation on the division of industrial cooperation and research," 23 Feb 1927, in AC13–25–176L.
154
Walker to Webb, May 1916
Walker to Maclaurin, 3 Sep 1917, all in AC13–21–615.
155
Hofman to William Sharp, 26 May 1915
Hofman to Maclaurin, 18 Jan 1916
Hofman to Ma- claurin, 26 Feb 1917
Malaurin to Sharp, 27 Feb 1917, all in AC13–21–607.
156
Jackson, "Discussion," SPEE, Proceedings, 24 (1916), 290–293.
157
Jackson, "The relations of the engineering schools to polytechnic in- dustrial education," SPEE, Proceedings, 15 (1907), 363–377, on 370
Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology," [1911 or 1912], in MC5–4–270.
158
Noyes to Maclaurin, 31 Jan 1916, in AC13–15–437.
159
Maclaurin to Whipple, 26 Oct 1916, in AC 13–22–625
Institute Committee on Research, "Minutes," 29 Mar 1917
Maclaurin to Laws, 19 May 1919, both in AC13–8– 206A.
160
"The new head of the physics department," TR, 19 (1917) 397–398
Maclaurin to Frank Jewett, 16 Apr 1917, in AC13–11–330.
161
Maclaurin to Frank Newell, 4 Oct 1917, in AC13–15–429
Carol Gruber, Mars and Minerva (Baton Rouge, 1975).
162
"Nearly a record registration," TR, 21 (1919), 61–62.
"The alumni dinner," TR, 21 (1919), 151–152.
163
Maclaurin to Lowell, 25 Feb 1919, in AC13–27–292L.
164
Robert Kohler, Partners in science: Foundations and natural scientists, 1900–1945 (Chicago, 1991), 87–104
Maclaurin to Eastman, 31 May, 11 June, and 21 Oct 1918, and 4 Apr 1919, all in AC 13–25–186L.
165
Eastman to Maclaurin, 18 June 1919, in AC13–25–186L.
166
Richard Freeland, "The Technology Plan at MIT, 1920–1940: A case study in university-industry cooperation," in Massachusetts higher education in the eighties: Research and the economy (Boston, 1986), 8–23
"The Technology Plan," TR, 22 (1920), 532–61
Ma- claurin to Stone, 15 Aug 1919, in AC13–19–550
Pearson (ref. 140), 276.
167
Maclaurin to Lovejoy, 12 Aug 1919, in AC13–13–380
Charles Locke to Maclaurin, 21 Oct 1919, in AC13-13-379
Maclaurin to Goodwin, 31 Oct 1919, in AC 13–9–265
Irenee Dupont to Haskell, 22 Nov 1919, in AC13– 9–246.
168
Maclaurin to Theodore Vail, 3 Oct 1916, and 11 Jan 1917, both in AC13–21–610
Ma- claurin to Fish, 1 Dec 1916, in AC 13–26–212L.
169
Morss, "Technology Plan contract," 17 Jan 1924, in AC13–14–411.
170
"The Technology Plan" (ref. 167).
171
Irenee DuPont to Haskell (ref. 168)
Norton, "Massachusetts Institute of Technology Plan of Industrial Cooperation," the American Ceramic Society, Journal, 7 (1924), 248.
172
"The Technology Plan" (ref. 167), 54
Wilson to Webster, 4 Apr 1921, in AC13–22– 622.
Phelan to Stone, 12 Dec 1919, in AC 13–19– 550
"The reunion - The present and future of technology," 77?, 22 (1920), 383–384.
173
"The Technology Plan" (ref. 167), 54
Walker, "Division of Industrial Cooperation and Research," in AR, 1919–20, 21
Walker, cited in "The reunion" (ref. 173), 385
Maclau- rin, cited in "The new chief of Industrial Cooperation and Research," TR, 22 (1920), 63.
174
Noyes to Maclaurin, 23 Apr and 17 Nov 1919, both in AC13–15–437.
175
"Everett Morss," National cyclopedia of American biog- raphy, 27 (1939), 371–372.
Thomson was the acting president of the Institute but had very little say in school policies. Thomson, in AR, 1919–20, 11–12
Francis Hart to Eastman, 22 Jan 1920, in AC13–25–187L
Thomson to Crompton, 9 June and 14 Nov 1920
Harold Abra- hams and Marion Savin, eds., Selections from the scientific correspondence of Elihu Thomson (Cambridge, 1971), 124–125, 132–135.
176
Walker, "The Technology Plan," Science, 51 (1920), 359
Walker to Administrative Committee, 17 Nov 1920, in AC13–21–616
Walker, cited in "The reunion" (ref. 173), 382:
177
Walker to Administrative Committee, 22 Jul 1920, in AC13–21–616.
178
Norton, cited in "Conference between heads of departments and the Corporation on the Division of Industrial Cooperation and Research," 23 Feb 1927, in AC13–21–615.
Norton to Stratton, 26 Apr 1927, in AC 13–25–176L.
179
Talbot, Miller, and Wilson, in AR, 1920–21, 11
Norton, "Five years of the Technolo- gy Plan," TR, 26 (1924), 78–81.
180
Norton, "Division of Industrial Cooperation and Research," in AR, 1923–24, 28.
181
Norton to Stratton, 13 Feb 1929, in AC 13–25–176L.
182
Karl Compton, "Memorandum of conversation with Professor Mallard regarding the D.I.C. and R.," 23 Sep 1931, in AC4–217– 3.
184
The January Council meeting," TR, 21 (1919), 167.
185
"Changes in the Institute curriculum," TR, 21 (1919), 329–330
Stratton, in AR, 1925–26, 14.
186
Wilson to Tyler, 15 May 1922, in AC13–20–585.
187
Morss to Hart, 7 Apr 1922, in AC13–26–277L
Morss to Stratton, 19 Mar 1923, in AC13–14–410.
188
Jackson to Dugald Jackson, Jr., 17 Mar 1932, in MC5–4–270
Wildes and Lungren (ref. 112) 68–69, 80–137
Jackson, "Research activities of the Department of Electrical En- gineering," 1922, in MC5–4–271.
189
"The supplementary activities of engineering colleges" (ref. 124), 293–294.
190
Wilson to Administrative Committee, 24 Sep 1920, in AC13–22–633.
Stratton, in AR, 1926–27, 45–49.
191
Leroy Foster, "Sponsored research at MIT, 1900–1968," vol. 1
unpublished manuscript (1984) in MIT/ASC.
192
Norton to Stratton, 26 Apr 1927, in AC 13–25–176L.
193
Ibid.
Vannevar Bush, "Oral History," 29, 154, 529–573, 606–609, in MC143.
194
Robert Rogers, "Editorials," TR, 24 (1922), 437.
195
"Samuel Prescott," National cyclopedia of American biography, 50 (1968), 294
Mau- rice Holland, Industrial explorers (New York, 1928), 76–91.
196
Lewis to Stratton, 21 Apr 1925, in AC13–12–356.
197
Norton, "DICR," in AR, 1923–24, 76.
198
Walker, "Research Laboratory of Applied Chemistry," in AR, 1918–1919.
199
Little (ref. 93), 22–23.
200
Noble (ref. 1), 130.
201
Ibid., 169.
202
Jackson, "Advanced instruction and research" (ref. 158), 2.
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