[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Horst Mailer, "Wissenschaft in der Emigration—Quantitative und geogra- phische Aspekte," Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 7 (1984), 1–10
Nathan Reingold, "Refugee mathematicians in the United States, 1933–1941: Reception and reaction," Annals of science, 38 (1981), 313–338
Paul Hoch, "The reception of Central European refugee physicists of the 1930s: USSR, UK, USA," ibid., 40 (1983), 206–246
Jarrell C. Jackman and Carla M. Borden, eds., The muses flee Hitler. Cultural transfer and adaptation 1930–1945 (Washington, D. C., 1983)
Gerald Holton, "The migration of physicists to the United States," 169–188
Reingold's article, 205–234.
Berlin, E. Rasmussen to Niels Bohr, 23 Feb, 6 Apr, 31 Jul 1933 (BSC, 24/4).
2
Alan D. Beyerchen, Scientists under Hitler: Politics and the physics community in the Third Reich (New Haven and London, 1977), 11–12.
3
Ibid., 13.
4
Norman Bentwich, The rescue and achievement of refugee scholars. The story of dis- placed scholars and scientists, 1933–1952 (The Hague, 1953), 2.
5
Charles Weiner, "A new site for the seminar: The refugees and American physics in the Thirties," The intellectual migration: Europe and America, 1930–1960, ed. Donald Fleming and Bernard Bailyn (Cambridge, Mass., 1969), 190–234, on 234.
6
Beyerchen (ref. 2), 44.
7
Wiener, 11 Sep 1933 (NW, 1/38).
8
Karl Loewner to Prof. Silverman, 2 Aug 1933 (EC, 22).
Weyl to Warren Weaver, 24 Apr 1940 (RF, 2–1940/717/204/1440).
10
Franck to the rector of the university, [17] Apr 1933, quoted in Beyerchen (ref. 2), 17.
11
Ibid., 46.
12
Weaver diary, 9 Oct 1934 (RF, 1.1/200/143/1769).
A. Flexner to Weaver, 28 Mar 1935, ibid.
13
Beyerchen (ref. 2), 45.
14
Beyerchen (ref. 2), 33, 45.
15
Monroe Deutsch to Robert G. Sproul, 25 Jul 1933 (CU-5/320).
Stephen Duggan and Betty Drury, The rescue of science and learning: The story of the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars (New York, 1948), 170.
16
Charles A. Noble to Deutsch, 9 Jul 1933 (CU-5/320).
17
Raymond T. Birge to Deutsch, 28 Sep 1933 (RTB, 33)
Ray Lyman Wilbur to Stephen Duggan, 14 Jun 1933 (EC, 123).
18
W. S. Adams, SPSL, to the Direktion des kantonalen Unterrichtswesens, Berne, 13 Feb 1936
19
Bentwich (ref. 4), xiii-xiv.
Constance Reid, Courant in Gdttingen and New York. The story of an improbable mathematician (New York, 1976), 134
GcHtingen mathematics, and Weiner (ref. 5), 206-210
20
George W. Gray, Education on an international scale. A history of the International Education Board 1923–1938 (New York, 1941), 4.
21
Joseph W. Dauben, "Mathematicians and World War I: The international diploma- cy of G. H. Hardy and Gossta Mittag-Lefler as reflected in their personal correspon- dence," Historia mathematica, 7 (1980), 261–288
Daniel J. Kevles, "'Into hostile pol- itical camps': The reorganization of international science in World War I," his, 62 (1971), 47–60.
22
Reid (ref. 19), 122–123.
23
Robert E. Kohler, "Warren Weaver and the Rockefeller Foundation program in molecular biology: A case study in the management of science," The sciences in the Ameri- can context: New perspectives, ed. Nathan Reingold (Washington, D. C, 1979), 249–293, on 252, 253.
Reid (ref. 19), 103.
24
Gray (ref. 20), 22.
25
P6lya to Hardy, 15 Mar 1924 (RF, IEB 1/3/56/930).
26
Polya to IEB, 11 Aug 1925 (ibid.).
27
Hardy to Augustus Trowbridge (director of the IEB in Paris), 13 Mar 1925 (ibid.).
28
Hardy to Rose, 7 Apr 1924 (RF, IEB 1/3/56/930).
29
Quoted in Dauben (ref. 21), 264.
30
Ibid.
31
A. V. Hill, obituary of Hardy, intended for the Times, 5 Dec 1947 (SPSL).
32
H. Bohr to R. D. G. Richardson, 20 May 1933 (OV, 22).
33
Lord Beveridge, A defence of free learning (London, 1959), 2–5
Arthur S. Eve, Rutherford: Being the life and letters of the Rt. Hon. Lord Rutherford, O. M (New York, 1939), 276–277.
34
A. J. Sherman, Island refuge: Britain and refugees from the Third Reich 1933–1939 (London, 1973), chapter 3.
35
"A selected list of refugees," 28 Jun 1939
Betty Drury to Harlow Shapley, 4 Jun 1940 (HS).
Reid (ref. 19), 128.
36
Robert Jungk, Brighter than a thousand suns (New York, 1958), 93–94
Noether, Weyl to Shapley, 30 Apr 1940 (HS).
Hoch (ref. 1), 219–221.
37
Bentwich (ref. 4), 53–56
Hoch (ref. 1), 219.
MMler (ref. 1)
38
Weyl to Alvin Johnson, 22 Mar 1941 (OV, 29)
39
Whitehead to David Cleghorn Thomson, 12 Dec 1938 (SPSL).
41
Hellinger to Simpson, 18 Feb 1939 (SPSL)
42
[Shapley] to Betty Drury, 19 Jun 1940 (HS).
43
Beyerchen (ref. 2), 46–47.
44
Weyl memo, 25 Apr 1939 (HS).
45
Weyl to American Friends Service (Charlotte Salmon), 23 Jun 1939 (OV).
46
Quotations from Brooks to, respectively, James B. Conant, 14 Dec 1938 (HS)
S. M. B. Dobson, 17 Dec 1938 (SPSL).
47
Neyman to Simpson, 3 Jan 1940 (SPSL).
Antoni Zygmund to Neyman, 5 Sep [1939] and 29 Nov 1939 (JN, 14/49)
48
S. Saks and A. Zygmund, Analytic functions, 3rd ed. (Amsterdam and elsewhere, 1971)
"Preface to the English edition" (1952).
Neyman to Johnson, 10 Jul 1941 (JN, 14/49).
49
Zygmund to Wiener, 19 Dec 1939 (NW, 1/55)
Tisdale diary, 20 Mar 1940 (RF, 1.1/200/150/1842).
50
Rapkine to Simpson, 9 May 1938 (SPSL).
51
Weyl to Simpson, 1 Jul 1940 (OV).
Monroe Deutsch to Stephen Duggan, 9 Aug 1940
Deutsch to American Consul, Marseilles, 25 Nov 1940 (EC, 28).
52
Shapley to RF, 15 Oct 1942 (HS).
56
Born's wife to O. Oldenburg, 17 June 1940
Constance Reid, Neyman—from life (New York, etc., 1982), 151.
57
F. J. M. Stratton to Shapley, 18 Oct 1940 (HS)
A. S. Eddington to Shapley, 7 Sep 1940 (HS).
58
George D. Birkhoff to Wickliffe Rose, 25 Mar 1925, (RF, IEB 1/8/110)
Reid (ref. 19), 133
Steve J. Heims, John von Neumann and Norbert Wiener. From mathematics to the technologies of life and death (Cambridge, Mass., 1980), 35–37, 48–49, 164–166
S. Ulam et al., "John von Neumann, 1903–1957,"
Fleming and Bailyn (ref. 5), 235–269, on 237.
"Britain and the re- fugee crisis: 1933–1947," Imperial War Museum, pp. 19–20
59
Paul Hanle, Bringing aerodynamics to America (Cambridge, Mass., 1982)
John L. Greenberg and Judith R. Goodstein, "Theodore von Karman and applied mathematics in America," Science, 222 (1983), 1300–1304.
60
Born to George Jaffe, 7 Apr 1932 (GJ).
Ladenburg to Rudolf Minkowski, 17 Dec 1934 (RM).
Spencer R. Weart, "The physics business in America, 1919–1940: A statistical reconnaissance," in Reingold (ref. 23), 295–328, on 345 (note 66).
Karl Hufbauer, "After the victory: Outlooks on theoretical physics (1928–1939)," proceedings of the conference, "The recasting of sci- ence between the two world wars" (1980, in press).
61
AAUP, Bulletin, 19 (1933), 354
Charles John Wetzel, The Amer- ican rescue of refugee scholars and scientists from Europe, 1933–1945
PhD thesis, Universi- ty of Wisconsin, 1964), 89.
62
AAUP, Committee Y, Depression, recovery and higher education, drafted by Malcolm M. Willey (New York and London, 1937), esp. 6, 9, 19, 153, 155, 158.
63
Ibid., 11, 49.
64
Ibid., 26, 29, 74.
Göttingen in 1931–32
Beyerchen (ref. 2), 20–21
Reid (ref. 19), 131.
65
AAUP, Committee Y (ref. 62), 30.
66
AAUP, Bulletin (ref. 61).
67
AAUP, Committee Y (ref. 62), 35, 41, 42, 67–68.
68
KTC, 1/12 and 1/30.
69
Leonard Loeb to John C. Slater, 13 Dec 1933
Franz Simon, 6 Apr 1933 (LL, 17).
70
Birge to R. B. Brode, 9 May 1933 (RTB, 33)
Loeb to Klemperer, 29 May 1933 (LL, 17)
Birge to Harold P. Knauss, 8 Aug 1933 (RTB, 33).
71
Birge to Deutsch, 25 Feb 1933 (CU-5, 320).
72
Robert W. Seidel, Physics research in California: The rise of a leading sector in Ameri- can physics (PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1978), 79, 104
Birge to Sproul, 9 Feb 1933 (RTB, 33).
73
Weart (ref. 60), 309, 313, 317, 345, 315, fig. 6.
74
Ibid., 310.
75
Loeb to Slater, 13 Dec 1933 (LL, 17).
76
Birge to Frederick A. Saunders, 13 Feb 1933 (RTB, 33).
77
Weart (ref. 60), 310.
78
Birge to Deutsch, 18 Jul 1933 (RTB).
79
Birge to W. E. Curtis, 17 Jun 1936
Birge to Walter H. Barkas, 3 Jun 1936
Birge's secretary to E. O. Lawrence, 14 Jul 1936 (all in RTB, 35).
80
Weart (ref. 60), 315.
81
E. J. Moulton, "The unemployment situation for PhD's in mathematics," American mathematics monthly, 42 (1935), 143–144, on 143.
82
Ibid.
Lindsey R. Harmon and Herbert Soldz, compilers, Doctorate production in United States universities 1920-1962 (Washington, D. C, 1963), table 3.
83
R. G. D. Richardson, "The PhD degree and mathematical research," American mathematics monthly, 43 (1936), 199–215, on 205.
Richardson's estimate of 200 unemployed mathematics teachers for 1932-33: letter to G. D. Birkhoff, 25 Feb 1932 (GDB).
84
Richardson (ref. 83), 208, 209.
85
Ibid., 209.
86
Great Britain, University Grants Committee, Report for the period 1929–30 to 1934-35 (London, 1936), 3, 37, 46–47, 49.
87
Ibid., 46–47, 49.
88
Ibid., 52, 54, 57, 74.
89
Ibid., 7, 82, 61.
90
Ibid., 43, 38, 39.
91
Birge to Robert G. Sproul, 13 Dec 1933 (RTB).
Roger H. Stuewer, "Nuclear physicists in a new world: The emigres of the 1930s in America," Berichte zur Wissen- schaftsgeschichte, 7 (1984), 23–40, on 29
92
Stuewer, ibid. 29
G. P. Thomson to A. J. Makower, 18 Dec 1934 (SPSL)
Compton to Shapley, 18 Aug 1939 (KTC, 1/56).
93
Loeb to Estermann, 15 May 1933
Slater, 13 Dec 1933 (LL).
Filon to Jaffe, 4 Nov 1933 (GJ).
94
Hardy to David Cleghorn Thomson, [1939] (SPSL).
95
Evans to Deutsch, 22 Jan 1934 (GCE, 1).
Marston Morse to Courant, 31 Jan 1934 (SPSL)
96
Veblen to Evans, 23 Jan 1934 (GCE).
Courant to Adams, 23 Apr 1935 (SPSL)
Ibid., 21 Dec 1934.
97
Wetzel (ref. 61), 62–63
Adams to Walter Ledermann, 24 Jun 1938 (SPSL)
[Adams] to Hardy, 5 Sep 1935 (SPSL).
98
Adams, 10 Mar 1937 (SPSL).
99
Esther Simpson to M. L. Cartwright, Girton College, 22 May 1939 (SPSL).
100
American Physical Society in 1937
Weart (ref. 60), 307.
101
Thomson to Hardy, 10 Mar 1939 (SPSL).
M. H. A. Newman to R. N. Salaman, 6 Feb 1936 (SPSL)
Hardy to F. A. Lindemann, 20 May 1936 (FL, D. 89).
102
C. M. Skepper to Hardy, 8 Mar 1935 (SPSL).
103
Nature, 140 (1937), 169–170, on 170.
104
William Manning to Ray Lyman Wilbur, 12 Nov 1937 (RLW).
105
Reingold (ref. 1), 320–322
Daniel Kevles, The physicists (New York, 1978), 211–213, 278–279.
106
Beveridge (ref. 33), 4
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15), 189
Wetzel (ref. 61), 146.
107
Wetzel (ref. 61), 80.
108
Deutsch to Sproul, 25 Feb 1933
T. M. Simpson to Birkhoff, 27 Jul 1931 (GDB).
109
Richardson (ref. 83), 211.
110
Reingold (ref. 1)
111
D. Daube et al. to Otto Frisch, Oct 1965 (OF, F.119).
112
W. S. Adams to Cecilia Razovsky, National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants coming from Germany (New York), 19 Nov 1937 (SPSL).
113
Rose to Simon Flexner, 13 Jan 1928 (RF, IEB 1/1/17/247).
115
Hardy to AAC, 13 and 25 Oct [1933]
Davenport to Mordell, Good Friday 1933 and 10 Oct 1935 (LJM, 1).
116
Harald Bohr, quoted in Veblen to Adams, 6 Oct 1936 (SPSL).
117
Littlewood note, 12 Oct 1936 (SPSL).
118
Hardy to Adams, 4 Nov 1937
Adams in a letter to Cecilia Razovsky, 19Nov 1937 (SPSL).
119
Rogosinski to Adams, 26 Jul 1938 (SPSL).
120
Otto Frisch from Mark Oliphant, 18 May and 29 Jun 1939
P. M. S. Blackett, 25 Apr 1939
W. L. Bragg, 29 Apr 1939 (OF).
121
Skepper to Mendelssohn, 1 Nov 1934 (KM, A.4).
122
Stephen Duggan, A professor at large (New York, 1943), 78.
123
Drury to Eugene A. Gilmore, 27 Jan 1939 (EC, 2).
124
Duggan (ref. 122), 79.
125
Murrow to W. S. Adams, Mt. Wilson Observatory, 19 Sep 1934 (EC, 25).
Duggan (ref. 122), 79
126
Drury to Franck, 23 May 1938 (EC)
Duggan (ref. 122), 78.
127
Murrow to Kotschnig, 12 Apr 1934 (EC, 127).
128
Drury to John Whyte, 15 Apr 1936 (EC, 127/AAC-1936).
Weyl to Shapley on EC resentment of David Cleghorn Thomson's visit to the US, 10 Jun 1939 (HS).
Wetzel (ref. 61), 147–151
EC memo, 1 Nov 1938 (EC, 150).
129
AAC memo, ca. 1934 (EC, AAC-1934).
Wetzel (ref. 61), 150–151.
130
Skepper to Baer, 10 Aug 1934 (SPSL).
131
Simpson to Heinz Hopf, 6 Jun 1939 (SPSL).
132
Simpson to J. A. Schouten, 21 Aug 1939 (SPSL).
133
Wetzel (ref. 61), 61.
Bentwich (ref. 4), 12–15
Beveridge (ref. 33), 13–17.
134
Beveridge to Jacques Hadamard, 21 Jul 1933 (SPSL)
LSE Profes- sorial Council, 15 May 1933 (RF, 2–1933/717/91/724).
135
Hadamard to Beveridge, 7 Jul 1933
Beveridge to Hadamard, 10 Jul 1933
AAC to Hadamard, 4 Aug 1933
Beveridge (ref. 33), 1
Duggan to Shapley, 16 Feb 1942 (HS).
136
Adams to Haldane, 5 Mar 1934
Haldane to Adams, 10 Mar 1934 (SPSL).
137
Hardy to AAC, 13 Oct [1933]
Hardy to Adams, 18 Jan 1935
Lindemann to Adams, 20 Sep 1936
138
Heilbronn, 7 Apr 1934
Hardy to AAC, 8 Dec 1934
Hardy to Walter S. Adams, 18 Jan 1935
R. Hassé to AAC, 9 Dec 1933
140
AAC, to R. Hasse, 2 Mar and 3 Jun 1935
Hasse to the AAC, 31 May 1935
Born to Adams, 26 May 1935
141
Wetzel (ref. 61), 133–134
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15).
142
Wetzel (ref. 61), 159–160.
143
Bohr to Richardson, 30 May 1933 (OV).
Beyerchen (ref. 2), chap. 2
Reid (ref. 19), chapts. 15–16.
144
Thomas B. Appleget, "The Foundation's experience with refugee scholars," 5 Mar 1946, p. 2 (RF, l.l/200/47/545a)
R. B. Fosdick, The Rockefeller Foundation. A review for 1940 (New York, 1941), 13.
145
Weaver to Mark Ingraham, 4 Dec 1934 (RF, 1.1/200/125/154).
146
Fosdick (ref. 144), 13.
147
Appleget (ref. 144).
148
Fosdick (ref. 144), 13–14.
149
Duggan to Sproul, 7 Nov 1940 (EC).
150
Fosdick (ref. 144), 14–15.
151
Murrow to Duggan, 11 Jul 1933 (EC, 123/Stanford).
152
W. J. Reader, Imperial Chemical Industries. A history, vol. 2. The first quarter- century 1926–1952 (London, 1975), 87, 89, 127, 93, 72, 77, 87.
153
Lindemann and W. Rintoul, "Memorandum on the employment of foreign scien- tists," 24 Jul 1934, p. 1 (FL, D.86).
154
Reader (ref. 152), 2, 91.
155
Ref. 153, 2.
156
Ibid., 1–2.
157
Major F. A. Freeth, ICI, to Kurt Mendelssohn, 26 Oct 1933 (KM, B.14).
158
Lindemann to McGowan, 24 May 1933 (FL, D.96).
159
Ref. 153, 2.
160
Rintoul sent Lindemann the initial list, 16 Jun 1933 (FL, D.96).
161
Ref. 153, 1, 3, 5.
162
Ibid.
163
Adams to Rutherford, 30 Jan 1936 (SPSL and AHQP).
ICI intentions in Lewis A. Inglis to Mendelssohn, 14 Aug 1935 (KM, B.14).
164
Ibid.
165
Wiener to Murrow, 25 Feb 1935 (EC, 34)
Weyl to John, 13 May 1935, and Weyl to Thomson, 28 Apr 1939 (SPSL)
Reid (ref. 19), 213.
Weiner (ref. 5), 215–216, 229–232.
167
Weyl to Shapley, 30 Jan 1939 (HS).
168
Weyl to American Friends [Service Committee], 11 Jan 1939 (OV).
169
Weyl to Shapley, 30 Jan 1939 (HS).
170
Weyl to Shapley, 20 Jun 1939
Thomson to Weyl, 13 Jul 1939 (OV).
171
Weyl to Bernard Flexner, 10 Feb 1939 (EC, 2)
WeyPs correspon- dence with Warren Weaver in 1940 (OV).
172
Friends Service Committee to Weyl, 9 Jul 1941
Weyl to Shapley, 18 Jul 1941 (OV).
173
Weyl to Shapley, 11 Jan 1939 (HS).
174
Shapley to Weyl, 31 Jan and 24 May 1939
Shapley to Veblen, 2 May 1940 (HS).
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15), chap. 8
175
Shapley to Weyl, 15 May 1939 (HS).
Weyl to Shapley, 23 May 1939 (HS).
176
Shapley to Weyl, 24 May 1939 (HS).
Shapley wrote to Weyl on 21 Jul 1941 (HS)
177
Weyl to Shapley, 30 May 1939 (OV).
178
Weyl to Shapley, 30 May 1939
Shapley to Weyl, 24 May 1939 (HS).
179
Shapley to Brooks, 7 Mar 1940 (HS).
180
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15), 85
"Rough memorandum agreed upon in substance by Professor Harlow Shapley and Fred M. Stein," 1 Aug 1940 (HS).
Shapley to Weyl, 24 May 1939 (HS).
Shapley to Weyl, 11 Mar 1939.
Duggan to Sproul, 7 Nov 1940 (EC, 109)
Wetzel (ref. 61), 152–153.
181
Peter Kroner, ed., Vor funfzig Jahren. Die Emigration deutschsprachiger Wissen- schaftler 1933–1939, (MOnster, 1983).
182
Herbert A. Strauss and Werner Roder, eds., Biographisches Handbuch der deutschsprachigen Emigration nach 1933. 3 vols. (New York and Munich, 1980–83).
Hand- buch, as in Mflller (ref. 1).
183
Simpson to Frisch, 24 Sep 1968 (OF).
184
William Feller to AAC, 12 Mar 1936
F. W. Levi to Thomson, 14 Jul 1939
Simpson to H. Mtintz, 25 May 1938 (all in SPSL)
D. O'Brien to Robert A. Lambert, 28 May 1933 (RF, 2–1933/717/91/726).
185
"Confidential memorandum," 3 Oct 1934 (HS).
186
University Grants Committee (ref. 86), 7, table 11, 82.
Kevles (ref. 105), 202, 275.
Weart (ref. 60), figures 3 and 7, table 2, and note 5, 335.
"Tadpoles and frogs: Some aspects of the professionalization of British physics, 1870-1939," Social studies of science, 7 (1977), 423–446, on 446.
Nature, 147 (1941), 617–618, on 617.
Richardson (ref. 83).
187
University Grants Committee (ref. 86), 57, 74.
188
Harmon and Soldz (ref. 82)
189
Weiner (ref. 5), 215.
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15), App. I.
190
Sherman (ref. 34)
Bernard Wasserstein, "Intellectual emigres in Britain, 1933–1939," in Jackman and Borden (ref. 1), 249–256
Paula Jean Draper, "Muses behind barbed wire: Canada and the interned refugees," ibid., 271–282.
192
Duggan and Drury (ref. 15), App. I
ibid., App. II.
193
T. Smith, National Physical Laboratory, to AAC, 29 Oct 1934 (SPSL).
194
Handbuch (ref. 182), 388.
195
Hardy to Lindemann, 19 May [1935] (FL, D.184).
Hardy to Lindemann, 18 Jun [1935]
ibid.
Simpson to Cartwright, 13 Jun 1939
196
C. M. Skepper of the AAC explained to R. Baer, 15 May 1934
197
Loeb to Immanuel Estermann, 6 Jan 1934 (LL).
198
Duggan to Shapley, 25 Sep 1933 (HS).
199
Wilbur to Duggan, 3 Jun 1933 (EC, 123).
200
Harmon and Soldz (ref. 82)
Raymond Hughes for the American Council on Education, 1925
Allan M. Cartter, An assessment of quality in graduate education (Washington, 1966), 67 (mathematics), 69 (physics).
201
Harmon and Soldz (ref. 82)
202
Wetzel (ref. 61), 161.
203
Reid (ref. 19), 156–158
CU-5/320.
James Franck to Weaver, 10 Jan 1934 (RF, 1.1/200/152/1876)
Weaver diary, 7 Oct 1949 (RF, 1.1/200/152/1875).
204
Wilbur to Murrow, 13 Sep 1933 (EC, 123).
Birge to Deutsch, 28 Sep 1933
Franck, 12 Oct 1933 (RTB).
205
Compton to Fosdick, 7 Nov 1939 (KTC, 1/49).
207
Ibid.
208
Compton to Duggan, 30 Mar 1934 and 1 May 1936 (EC, 150).
209
Franck to EC, 8 Dec 1937 (EC, 150).
210
Seidel (ref. 72), 111.
211
Kline to Veblen, 23 Nov 1933 (OV, 22).
212
Kline to Wiener, 2 May and 28 Aug 1934 (NW, 1/39).
214
Birge to W. E. Curtis, 17 Jun 1936 (RTB).
215
Stuewer (ref. 91), 33, 29–30.
216
Mrozowski to Lawrence, 3 Feb and 14 Sep 1939
Lawrence to Weaver, 18 Sep 1939
Sproul, 13 Jan 1940 (EOL, 13/16).
217
Lindemann to R. E. Slade, ICI, 24 Nov 1936 (KM, 361).
218
Lindemann to Registrar, Oxford University, 19 May 1939 (KM, B.15).
219
Hall, letter of 17 Oct 1935 (SPSL).
220
J. H. C. Whitehead to Simpson, 15 Aug 1940 (SPSL).
221
Godfrey K. Thomson to a displaced mathematician, 7 Jun 1938 (SPSL).
222
Trowbridge to Rose, 27 May 1927 (RF, IEB 1/8/110).
223
Weaver to Courant, 22 Apr 1938 (RF, 1.1/200/152/1876).
224
Appleget (ref. 144)
RF 1.1/200/152/1873–74, and 1.2/244D/Brown Univer- sity.
225
Richardson to Gray, 24 Dec 1942 (RF, 1.2/244D/Brown-Applied Mathematics, 1942–43).
226
Simpson to Courant, 13 Jun 1939 (SPSL)
J. A. Schouten at Delft regarding another mathematician, 21 Aug 1939
E. Rosenberg of the Professional Committee about a physicist, 27 Feb 1940 (SPSL).
Adams to F. J. M. Stratton, 27 Mar 1934
A. M. Tyndall to the AAC, 30 June 1934 (SPSL)
Sherman (ref. 34)
Wasserstein (ref. 190), 250.
227
Hardy on behalf of Heilbronn, 5 May 1940 (SPSL).
228
Whitehead to Simpson, 15 Aug 1940 (SPSL).
229
Veblen to Duggan, 17 Nov 1933 (copy in EC, 6).
RF, 2–1933/717/91/724
230
"Confidential memorandum," 3 Oct 1934 (HS).
231
Hardy to Lindemann, 20 May 1936 (FL, D.89)
AAC, to Redcliffe N. Salaman, 11 Feb 1936 (SPSL).
232
Newman to Salaman, 6 Feb 1936 (SPSL).
233
Shapley to Marguerite Van Biesbroeck, 3 Jul 1940 (HS).
234
Weyl memorandum, 5 May 1939 (HS).
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