[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
*
PME. Francis Hauksbee, Physico-mechanical experiments on various subjects (London, 1719 )
PT, Royal Society of London, Philosophical transactions.
1
Robert Boyle, Works, ed. T. Birch (6 vols., London, 1772), 4, 380
E. New- ton Harvey, A history of luminescence from the earliest times until 1900 (Philadelphia, 1957).
2
R. Boyle, "A short memorial of some observations made upon an artificial sub- stance, that shines without any precedent illustration," [1677] in Works (ref. 1), 4, 366– 370, on 368.
3
Peter Shaw, Chemical lectures (London, [1734]), 401.
4
John F. Fulton, A bibliography of the Honourable Robert Boyle, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1961), 2.
5
"A paper of the Honourable Robert Boyle's,... being an account of his making the Phosphorus," PT, 77:196 (Jan 1692/3), 583-584
Works (ref. 1), 5, 743.
6
Thomas Birch, The history of the Royal Society of London (4 vols., London, 1756– 57), 4, 55f.
7
R. Boyle, The aerial noctiluca: Or some new phenomena, and a process of a factitious self-shining substance (London, 1680)
Works (ref. 1), 4, 379-404, on 402.
R. E. W. Maddison, The life of the Honourable Robert Boyle (London, 1969), 165n
8
Shaw, Lectures (ref. 3), 401.
Maddison, Life (ref. 7), 165
Wall, "Experiments of the luminous qualities of amber, diamonds, and gum lac," PT, 263U (Mar-Apr 1708), 69-76, on 70.
9
Works (ref. 1), 4, 384.
10
Hooke, Lectures and collections (London, 1678), 66.
11
Birch, History (ref. 6), 4, 125
12
Harvey, History (ref. 1), 271-276
Johann Carl Fischer, Geschichte der Physik, (8 vols., Gottingen, 1801-1808), 3, 429-439.
13
Descartes, Principes de la philosophic [1644], in Oeuvres, ed. Charles Adam and Paul Tannery (13 vols., Paris, 1897-1913), 9:2, 249f
Harvey, History (ref. 1), 96-97. 9:2, 249f
Harvey, History (ref. 1), 96-97.
14
Boyle, A short account of some observations... about a diamond that shines in the dark, in Boyle, Experiments and considerations touching colours (London, 1664), 389-423, on 420f.
15
Christian Huygens, Treatise on light [1690], tr. S. P. Thompson (New York, 1962), 3.
16
Newton, Opticks [17304] (New York, 1952), 340 (Query 8).
A. Koyre, "Etudes newtoniennes, II: Les queries de l'Optique," Archives Inter- nationales d'histoire des sciences, 13 (1960), 15-29, on 18.
17
Hooke, Lectures of light [1680-82], in Hooke, The posthumous works, ed. Richard Waller (London, 1705), 71-148, on 117.
Micrographia (London, 1665), 54- 55.
18
Henry Guerlac, "Sir Isaac and the ingenious Mr. Hauksbee," Melanges Alexandre Koyr'e, ed. R. Taton and I. B. Cohen (2 vols., Paris, 1964), I, 228-253
"Francis Hauksbee, experimentateur au profit de Newton," Archives Internationales d'historie des sci- ences, 76(1963), 113-128
DSB, 6, 169-175.
19
PT, 24:296 (Feb 1705), 1865-1866
PME, 120.
20
Boyle, "New experiments concerning the relations between light and air, in shin- ing wood and fish," PT, 2:31 (6 Jan 1667/8), 581-600
Works (ref. 1), 3, 157-169.
21
PME, 122.
22
Guerlac, "Sir Isaac" (ref. 18), 231-232.
23
PT, 24:303 (1705), 2131f.
25
PT, 24:303, 2129-2135
PME, 6-20.
26
PME, 16
PT, 14303 (1705), 2132.
27
Ibid., 2131
PME, 10.
28
Ibid.
PT, 14:303 (1705), 2131.
29
PT, 24:304 (Nov-Dec 1705), 2165-2175
PME, 21-45.
30
Ibid., 2167
PME, 25.
31
PME, 27.
32
PME, 26.
33
Priestley, History and present state of electricity, 3rd ed. (Lon- don, 1775), 22.
34
PT, 25:307 (Jul-Sep 1706), 2277-2282
PME, 45-53.
35
PT, 25:307 (1706), 2278
PME, 45-46.
36
PT, 25:307 (1706), 2278
PME, 49.
37
PT, 25:307 (1706), 2279
PME, 49.
38
PT, 25:307 (1706), 2279
PME, 50.
39
Harvey, History (ref. 1), 277.
40
PT, 25:308 (Oct-Dec 1706), 2327-2335
PME, 53-64.
41
R. W. Home, "Francis Hauksbee's theory of electricity," Archive for history of exact science, 4 (1967), 203-217
J. L. Heilbron, Electricity in the 17th and 18th centuries. A study of early modern physics (Berkeley, 1979), 231-238.
42
Duane Roller and Duane H. D. Roller, "The development of the concept of electric charge," in J. B. Conant, ed., Harvard case histories in experimental sciences (2 vols., Cambridge, Mass., 1957), 2, 543-639, on 560.
Guerlac, DSB, 6, 170, and E. Hoppe, Geschichte der Elektrizitat (Leipzig, 1884), 6f.
43
PME, 10
PT, 74:303 (1705), 2131
ibid., 2130
ibid., 2134
ibid., 2130
ibid., 2133
ibid., 2134
44
"Development" (ref. 42), 562.
45
Royal Society, Journal Book, 10, 112, 115, 117, 119-121.
46
PME, 26.
47
PT, 24:304 (1705), 2169f
PME, 30.
Boyle, Account (ref. 14), 393f.
48
Wall, "Experiments" (ref. 8), 69.
infra, §4.
49
Ibid., 69-70.
Maddison, Life (ref. 7), 164f.
50
Boyle, Account (ref. 14), 422.
Lectures of light (ref. 17), 116.
51
Wall, "Experiments" (ref. 8), 73.
52
John Harris, Lexicon technicum, vol. 1, 2nd ed. (London, 1708)
53
Opticks (ref. 16), 274.
infra, n.93.
54
Nicolas Lemery, Corns de chymie (Paris, 1675)
Walter Harris (1680, 1686)
James Keill (1698, 1720).
H. Metzger, Les doctrines chimiques en France du debut du XVIIe a la fin du XVIHe siecle (Paris, 1923), Chapt. 5.
55
Wall, "Experiments" (ref. 8), 74f.
56
Ibid.
Harris, Lexicon (ref. 52), s.v. "Electricity."
57
Priestley, History (ref. 33), 21.
58
Wall, "Experiments" (ref. 8), 71.
59
Opticks (ref. 16), 341.
60
R. W. Home, "Newton on electricity and the aether," forthcoming in Z. Bechler, ed., Contemporary Newtonian research (Dordrecht, 1981).
61
Opticks (1706)
Guerlac, "Sir Isaac" (ref. 18), 251
Koyre, "Etudes" (ref. 16), 18f.
62
Priestley, History (ref. 33), 16
Park Benjamin, A history of electricity (New York, 1898), 469
A. Wolf, A history of science, technology and philosophy in the eighteenth century, 2nd ed. (London, 1952), 230.
63
Harris, Lexicon (ref. 52), s.v.
64
Wall, "Experiments" (ref. 8), 71, 73, 75.
65
Priestley, History (ref. 33), 16
Fischer, Geschichte (ref. 12), 3, 443
R. A. Chipman, "An unpublished letter of Stephen Gray on electrical experiments, 1707- 1708," Isis, 45 (1954), 33-40, on 38.
66
Eric G. Forbes, ed., The Gresham Lectures of John Flamsteed (London, 1975), 448.
ibid., 447
B. R. Goldstein, "Refraction, twilight, and the height of the atmo- sphere," Vistas in astronomy, 20 (1976), 105-107.
67
Boyle, Account (ref. 14), 413.
68
Civic Record Office, Southampton (MS D/M 1/2, fols. 66-67).
Journal Book, 10, 189 (2 Jun 1708).
69
Sloane MSS 4041, fol. 190 (British Library)
Civic Record Office, Southampton (MS D/M 1/2, fol. 78).
E. St. John Brooks, Sir Hans Sloane, the great collector and his circle (London, 1954), 107.
71
Newton, Opticks (ref. 16), 340 (my italics).
ibid., 275, 340.
72
Priestley, History (ref. 33), 14f
Hoppe, Geschichte (ref. 42), 6
Fischer, Geschichte (ref. 12), 3, 441.
73
Newton to Oldenburg, 7 Dec 1675, in Newton, Correspondence, Vol. 1, ed. H. W. Turnbull (Cambridge, 1959), 362-386.
74
A. Savérien, His- toire des philosophes modernes, Vol. 6, Histoire des physiciens (Paris, 1768), 165-216.
Savérien, ibid., xlvi
F. M. Morin-Lavallee, Essai de bibliographic viroise [Caen, 1879], 99
"Littérature et sciences de la nature en France au debut du XVHIe siécle: Pierre Poliniere, l'introduction de l'enseignement de la physique experimental dans l'Universite de Paris, et VArret burlesque de Boileau," Revue de synthese, nos. 99-100 (1980), 267-295.
75
Poliniere, Expériences de physique (Paris, 1709), vi.
76
Savérien, Histoire (ref. 74), 172.
77
David W. Corson, "Pierre Poliniere, Francis Hauksbee, and electrolumines- cence: A case of simultaneous discovery," Isis, 59 (1968), 402-413.
78
"Nouvelle maniere de rendre les barometres lumineux, par M. Bernoully," AS, Histoire, 1700, 5-8,
Memoires, 1700, 178-190.
79
AS, Histoire, 1701, 1-8
Mémoires, 1-9.
80
Savérien, Histoire (ref. 74), 175.
81
Ibid., 174-178
"Piéce justificative pour Mr. Bernoulli, contre Messieurs de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, en faveur du Phosphore, qu'il a proposé a cette Academic Par Mr. Du Tal, Docteur Régent en la Faculte de Médecine de Paris," Nouvelles de la république des lettres, Sep 1706, 243-255.
Journal de Trevoux, Oct 1706, 1778-82.
82
Corson, "Poliniere" (ref. 77), 411.
83
AS, Procés-verbaux, 17 Nov 1706, fol. 350v.
84
Poliniere, Experiences (ref. 75), 471-472.
85
Saverien, Histoire (ref. 74), 181.
86
"Extraite d'une lettre de M. Bernoulli ecrite de Basle le 19 Decem. 1706. Sur le nouveau phosphore," AS, Proces-verbaux, 29 Jan 1707, fols. 24-25.
87
"Experiences sur la Lumiere qui est produite par divers corps frotez Tun contre l'autre," AS, Proces-verbaux, 9 Feb 1707, fols. 43-44.
88
"Sur la lumiere des corps frotez," AS, Histoire, 1707, 1-3.
89
Poliniere, Experiences (ref. 75), 473f.
90
Ibid., 310, 315.
91
Ibid., 330.
92
"Extrait d'une lettre ecrite de Rouen, du 15 Juillet 1715," Journal des spavans, 36 (1715), 573-575.
93
Lemery, Cours de chymie, 8th ed. (Paris, 1696), 749
94
Poliniere, Experiences (ref. 75), 369
Bologna stone (ibid., 485f).
95
ibid., 475
96
Experiences (1728).
Guer- lac, "Sir Isaac" (ref. 18), 247.
97
Descartes, Principes (ref. 13), 306
Heilbron, Electricity (ref. 41), 188f, 193f.
98
Harris, Lexicon (ref. 52), s.v. "Electricity."
99
Wall [ref. 8], 72
n.66
100
R. K. Merton, The sociology of science, ed. N. W. Storer (Chicago, 1973), 343– 382.
101
E. J. L. Scott, Index to the Sloane Collection in the British Museum (London, 1904), 558.
102
Sloane Ms. 1731A, fol. 26.
104
W. M. A. Shaw, The knights of England, Vol. 2 (London, 1906), 250.
106
Sloane Ms. 1731A, fols. 47, 71, 74-75, 76, 79, 84, 88.
107
E. F. Rimbault, Soho and its associations, historical, literary and artistic (London, 1895), 107.
108
Public Record Office, London, Probate 5, nos. 425, 520, 521.
109
Sloane Ms. 1731A, fol. 43.
110
Sloane Ms. 4061, fol. 248.
111
Royal Society, Journal Book, 10, 192
J. L. Heilbron, "Physics at the Royal Society during Newton's presidency"
112
Sloane Ms. 1731A, fol. 154.
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