[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
*
CP, H. D. Curtis Papers, Hillman Archive, University of Pittsburgh
EP, Albert Einstein Papers, Princeton University Library
RAS, MN. Royal Astronomical Society, Monthly notices.
1
D. Moyer, "Revolution in science: The 1919 eclipse test of general rela- tivity," in A. Perlmutter and L. F. Scott, eds., On the path of Albert Einstein (New York, 1979), 55–101.
2
S. Goldberg, "In defense of the ether: The British response to Einstein's special theory of relativity, 1905-1911," HSPS, 2 (1970), 89-125.
3
Einstein, "Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation," Akademie der Wissenschaf- ten, Berlin, Sitzungsberichte (1915), 844-847
S. Chandrasekhar, "Verifying the theory of relativity," Bulletin of atomic scientists, 31 (Jun. 1975), 17-22.
4
W. de Sitter, "On Einstein's theory of gravitation and its astronomical conse- quences," RAS, MN, 76 (1916), 699-728, 77 (1916), 155-184, 78 (1917), 3-28
A. S. Eddington, Report on the relativity theory of gravitation (London, 1918).
5
"Astronomy at the British Association," Observatory, 42 (1919), 365.
6
"Meeting of the Royal Astronomical Society, Friday, July 11, 1919," ibid., 298-299.
7
Einstein, "Uber den Einfluss der Schwerkraft auf die Ausbreitung des Lichtes," Annalen der Physik, 35 0911), 898-908
K. Schwarzschild, "Uber die Ver- schiebungen der Bande bei 3883 A in Sonnenspektrum," Akademie der Wissenschaf- ten, Berlin, Sitzungsberichte (1914), 1201-1213
J. Earman and C. Glymour, "The grav- itational red shift as a test of general relativity; History and analysis," Studies in history and philosophy of science, in press.
8
J. Haberer, "Politicalization in science," Science, 178 (1972), 713-724.
9
Einstein (ref. 7), and "Die Grundlage der allgemeinen Relativitatstheorie," Annalen der Physik, 49 (1916), 769-822.
10
Einstein (ref. 7), translation from W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery, The principle of relativity (New York, 1952), 106.
11
Einstein (ref. 9), translation from The principle of relativity (ref. 10), 162.
12
ref. 7
13
K. Schwarzschild, "Uber das Gravitationsfeld eines Massenpunktes nach der Einsteinschen Theorie," Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, Sitzungsbetichte (1916), 189-196
J. Droste, "The field of a single center in Einstein's theory of gravitation, and the motion of a particle in that field," Akademie van Wetenschappen, Amster- dam, Procedings, 79 (1917), 197-215.
14
Eddington (ref. 4), 53.
15
C. A. Chant to H. D. Curtis, 15 Apr 1923 (CP).
16
Eddington (ref. 4), 56.
17
"Joint eclipse meeting of the Royal Society and the Royal Astronomical Society," Observatory, 42(1919), 389-398.
18
Laplace, translated in S. Hawking and G. Ellis, The large-scale structure of space-time (Cambridge; 1973), Appendix
J. Soldner, "liber die Ablenkung eines Lichtstrahls von seiner geradlinigen Bewegung durch die Attraktion eines Weltkorpers," Annalen der Physik, 65 (1921), 593-604, reprinted from Berliner astro- nomisches Jahrbuch for 1804.
19
H. von Kliiber, "The determination of Einstein's light-deflection in the gravi- tational field of the sun," in A. Beer, ed., Vistas on astronomy, 3 (1960), 47-77.
20
ref. 17, 395
A. Hermann, ed., Albert Einstein/Arnold Sommerfeld Briefwechsel (Basel, 1968), 36.
21
L. Pyenson, "The Gftttingen reception of general relativity," (Ph.D. thesis, Johns Hopkins University, 1974), 316.
22
W. Campbell, "The total eclipse of the sun, September 21,1922," Astronomi- cal Society of the Pacific, Publications, 35 (1923), 11-44, on 18.
23
C. Perrine, "Contribution to the history of attempts to test the theory of rela- tivity by means of astronomical observations," Astronomische Nachrichten, 219 (1923), 281-284.
24
Einstein to Freundlich, 7 Dec 1913 (EP)
Pyenson (ref. 21), 325.
25
Campbell (ref. 22), 17.
26
Perrine (ref. 23).
27
Campbell (ref. 22), 18, and "The Crocker eclipse expedition from the Lick Observatory, June 8, 1918," American Philosophical Society, Proceedings, 58 (1919), 241-254, on 253.
28
Campbell (ref. 22), 15.
29
Cambell (ref. 6), 299.
30
Osterbrock, "Lick Observatory solar eclipse expeditions," Astronomy quarterly, 3 (1980), 67-79.
32
Campbell to Curtis, 26 Jul (CP).
33
Same to same, 20 Dec 20 (CP).
34
Curtis to Campbell, 29 Dec (CP).
37
W. Wright, "William Wallace Campbell," National Academy of Sciences, Bio- graphical memoirs, 25 (1941), 35-74, on 46
W. Campbell, J. Moore, et al., "Radial velocities of stars brighter than visual magnitude 5.51, as determined at Mount Hamil- ton and Santiago," Lick Observatory, Publications, 16 (1928), 1-399.
38
"Lost in the tensors: Einstein's struggles with covariance prin- ciples," Studies in history and philosophy of science, 9 (1978), 251-278
"Einstein and Hilbert: Two months in the history of general relativity," Archive for history of exact sciences, 79 (1978), 291-307.
39
ref. 7
40
ref. 20
41
Einstein to Besso, Mar 1914, in P. Speziali, ed., Albert EinsteinlMichele Besso correspondance (Paris, 1972), 53.
43
Freundlich to Einstein, 17 Jun 1917 (EP).
44
Dyson, "On the opportunity afforded by the eclipse of 1919 May 29 of verify- ing Einstein's theory of gravitation," RAS, MN, 77 (1917), 445-447.
45
H. Plummer, "Arthur Stanley Eddington, 1882-1944," Royal Society, Obituary notices of Fellows, 5 (1945), 113-125.
46
Chandrasekhar (ref. 3), 18.
47
F. W. Dyson, A. S. Eddington, and C. Davidson, "A determination of the deflection of light by the sun's gravitational field, from observations made at the total eclipse of May 29, 1919," Royal Society, Philo- sophical transactions, 220 (1920), 291-333.
48
Ibid., 309.
49
Ref. 6, 299.
50
Ref. 5, 364.
51
Ref. 17, 391.
52
Ibid., 394.
53
Ibid., 397.
54
Ibid., 398.
Space, time, and gravitation (Cambridge, 1923), 127-128.
55
Campbell (ref. 22), 19.
56
Ref. 48, 329.
57
Eddington, "Forty years of astronomy," in J. Needham and W. Pagel, ed., Background to modem science (Cambridge, 1940), 117-142.
58
G. Bertrand, "La loi de Riemann, le perihelie de Mercure et la deviation de la lumiere," Academie des Sciences, Paris, Comptes-rendus, 174 (1922), 1687-1689
L. Silberstein, "The recent eclipse results and the Stokes-Planck ether," Philosophical magazine, J9O920), 161-170.
59
A. Anderson, "The displacement of light rays passing near the sun," Nature, 104 (1919), 354.
Eddington, "The deflection of light during a solar eclipse," Nature, 104 (1919), 372.
60
Schuster, "The influence of small changes of temperature on atmospheric refraction," Physical Society of London, Proceedings, 32 (1920), 135-140.
61
Silberstein, "The eclipse results and the contraction of photographic images," RAS, MN, 80 (1920), 630-631
F. Slocom, "Photographic distortion on eclipse plates and the Einstein effect," Popular astronomy, 29 (1921), 273-274
Russell, "Note on the Sobral eclipse photographs," RAS, MN, 81 (1920), 154-164.
62
D. Harris, "The Germans and scientific discovery," Nature, 98 (1916), 168- 169
G. Petit and M. Leudet, ed., Les allemands et la science (Paris, 1916).
B. Schroeder-Gudehus, Les scientifiques et la paix (Montreal, 1978).
63
Schroeder-Gudehus (ref. 64), chapter 4
D. J. Kevles, "'Into hostile political camps': The reorganization of international science in World War I," fsis, 62 (1970) 47-60.
64
Eddington, "Karl Schwarzschild," Observatory, 39 (1916), 336-339.
65
Eddington, "The future of international science," ibid., 271-272.
66
Larmor, "The future of international science," ibid., 313-314.
68
RAS, MN, 80 (1919), 118
Eddington to Einstein, 21 Jan 1920 (EP).
69
Eddington, "Sir Frank Dyson, 1868-1939," Royal Society, Obituary notices of Fellows, 3 (1940), 159-172, on 167.
70
Ref. 54, 113.
71
Ref. 3, 18
Eddington (ref. 69), 167.
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