[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Whewell, On the principles of English university education (London, 1837), 42.
Roy MacLeod and Russell Moseley, "Breadth, depth and excellence: sources and problems in the history of university science education in England, 1850-1914," Studies in science education, 5 (1978), 85-106, on 93
Sheldon Rothblatt, Tradition and change in English liberal education: An essay in history and culture (London, 1976)
Keith Hoskin, "The examination, disciplinary power and rational schooling," History of educa- tion, 8 (1979), 135-146.
2
W. H. Mills, "Schools of chemistry in Great Britain and Ireland - VI: The University of Cambridge," Royal Institute of Chemistry, Journal, 77 (1953), 423-431, 467-473.
3
Report (Great Britain, Parliament, House of Com- mons, Sessional papers, 1852-53, 44:1), 83.
4
Ibid., 103.
5
Ibid., 102.
6
Cumming, Syllabus of a course of chemistry lectures (Cambridge, 1825)
DSB, s.v. "Cumming;"
J. T. Stock, "James Cumming: A pioneer in electrical instrumenta- tion," Journal of chemical education, 53 (1976), 19-31.
7
Calendar (Cambridge, 1860), 160.
Fownes' Manual
Gregory's Handbook of inorganic chemistry
8
Daubeny, An introduction to atomic theory, 2nd ed. (London, 1850)
G. K. Roberts, "The establishment of the Royal College of Chemis- try: An investigation of the social context of early-Victorian chemistry," HSPS, 7 (1976), 437-485, on 455.
9
DNB, 1922-30, s.v. "Liveing;"
C. T. Heycock, "George Dowing Liveing," CS, Journal (1925), pt. iii, 2982-2984
10
Mills, "Schools" (ref. 2), 467-473
Russell Moseley and Roy MacLeod, "The Natural Sciences Tripos: Data and commentary, 1851-1914," unpublished MS (1975)
Calendar (Cambridge, 1867), 276.
Museums and Lecture Rooms Syndicate, Minutes (1853-1881), VI.65, 21, 51-53, 97-100, 126-127, 278, 292, 301, 324 (CUA)
11
Committee on the Oxford and Cambridge Universities Education Bill, Special report (Sessional papers [ref. 3], 1867, 13), qq. 4077, 4098, 4070, 4115
Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction and the Advancement of Science [Devonshire Commission], Reports (Sessional papers [ref. 3], 1872, 25), qq. 4548, 4551-4553, 4652
F. G. Mann, "The place of chemistry-II. At Cambridge," CS, Proceedings (July 1957), 190-193.
14
NST Mark Book, Min. VIII.56, 8, 42 (CUA).
15
Devonshire Commission (ref. 11), q. 4391
Moseley and MacLeod, "NST" (ref. 10)
16
Liveing to Armstrong, 26 Mar 1875, Armstrong Papers, II, c. 414 (Imperial College Archives).
Devonshire Commission (ref. 11).
17
Devonshire Commission (ref. 11), qq. 4358-4394.
18
A. Findlay and W. H. Mills, British chemists (London, 1947), 33-34
Armstrong (ref. 16).
19
Moseley and MacLeod, "NST" (ref. 10)
20
BPCS, Minutes, 26 Jan and 24 Feb 1883.
21
Liveing, Students' guide to the University of Cambridge (Cambridge, 1874), 220, 227.
23
Liveing, "Presidential Address to Section B," BAAS, Report (1882), 479-486.
24
Students guide to the University of Cambridge (Cambridge, 1874), 227-228
(1881), 17-18
(1893), 32
Fenton, Notes (Cambridge, 1883)
R.S. Morrell, "M. M. P. Muir," CS, Journal (1932), pt. i, 1330-1334
Muir, A treatise on the principles of chemistry (Cambridge, 1884), vii-ix
Muir and Douglas Carnegie, Practical chemistry: A course of laboratory work (Cambridge, 1887).
26
BPCS, Minutes, 20 Nov 1886.
27
oseley and MacLeod, "NST" (ref. 10
28
Royal Society, Catalogue of scientific papers
29
Armstrong, CS, Journal, 131 (1928), 1066-1076
Dewar, as reported in Cam- bridge Graphic, 4 May 1901 (St. John's College Archives)
30
Liveing to J. Larmor, 23 Sep 1890 (St. John's College Archives)
R. G. A. Dolby, "Debates over the theory of solution: A study of dissent in physical chemis-
HSPS, 7 (1976), 297-404.
31
Anon., "Obituary: G. D. Liveing," The eagle, 44 (1924-26), 96-101.
32
Ramsay to his mother, 25 Aug 1884
Blaikie, 12 Oct 1884, Ramsay Papers, 5/1-71, 84 (Library, University College London).
33
Sheldon Rothblatt, The revolution of the dons (London, 1968).
34
K. J. P. Orton, "H. O. Jones," CS, Journal (1913), pt. i, 755-759
John Shorter, "Humphrey Owen Jones, FRS, 1878-1912: Chemist and mountaineer," Royal Society, Notes and records, 33 (1979), 261-277, on 264-265
F. G. Mann, "W. H. Mills," Royal Society, Biographical notices of fellows, 6 (1960), 201-225, on 207.
Alexander Scott, 4 May 1881
35
Dewar to Alexander Scott, 11 Nov 1891, Early Scott File (ref. 35).
36
BPCS, Minutes, 22 Oct 1891
Early Scott File (ref. 35)
37
Armstrong, "Sir James Dewar, 1842-1923," Royal Society, Proceedings, 111A (1926), xiii-xxiii
ref. 29
Findlay and Mills, British chemists (ref. 18) 35.
38
F. Guthrie to Ramsay, 19 May 1885, Ramsay Papers (ref. 32), 5/2-126.
39
Moseley and MacLeod, "NST" (ref. 10)
40
Institute of Chemistry, Official chemical appointments (London, 1908ff).
41
Liveing to Powell, 11 Jul 1868
Report, Sessional papers [ref. 3], 1867-68, 15:1), App. 20, 475
Devonshire Commission (ref. 11), q. 4594
M. Sanderson, The universities and British industry, 1850-1974 (London, 1972), 51.
42
Sanderson, Universities (ref. 41), 53-60.
43
Dewar, "Presidential Address" BAAS, Report (1902), 3-50, on 18
R. Mel- dola, "The position and prospects of chemical research in Great Britain" CS, Journal (1907), 626-659.
44
Dewar, "Address," (ref. 43), 17
Meldola, "Position," (ref. 43), 639-642.
48
A. J. Meadows and W. H. Brock, "Topics fit for gentlemen: the problems of science in the public school curriculum," in B. Simon and I. Bradley, eds., The Vic- torian public school (Dublin, 1975), 95-114.
49
BPCS, Minutes, 9 Nov 1889.
50
Anon., "Review of Outlines of chemistry with practical work" Chemical news, 100 (1909), 219.
51
Higher Degrees Committee, Minutes, 23 May and 20 Oct 1899, bound with BPCS, Minutes, vol. 2.
52
A. J. Berry and E. A. Moelwyn-Hughes, "Chemistry at Cambridge from 1901 to 1910," CS, Proceedings (1963), 357-363.
53
Sanderson, Universities (ref. 41), 43.
54
Liveing to J. Dewar, 21 and 25 Nov 1909
55
G. T. Moody and W. H. Wills, "W. J. Pope," CS, Journal (1941), 697-715.
Sanderson, Universities (ref. 41), 54-59.
56
Manchester College of Technology, Chemistry Sectional Committee, Minutes, especially 12 Jul 1904
14 Feb and 14 Mar 1905
14 Mar and 28 Sep 1906
57
Higher Degrees Committee, Minutes (ref. 51).
J. B. Morrell, "The chemist breeders: the research schools of Liebig and Thomas Thomson," Ambix, 19 (1972), 1-46
Mann, "Mills," (ref. 34), 219.
59
C. A. Russell, N. G. Coley, and G. K. Roberts, Chem- ists by profession: The origins and rise of the Royal Institute of Chemistry (Milton Keynes, 1977), chapter 9.
62
F. G. Brook, "University of London, 1820-1860, with special reference to its influence on the development of higher education," University of London, PhD thesis, 1958.
William Ramsay, "The functions of a university," in his Essays biographical and chemical (London, 1909), 227-247
Armstrong Collection (ref. 16)
Royal Com- mission on a University for London, Report (Sessional papers [ref. 3], 1889, 39)
Royal Commission on a Draft Charter for the Proposed University of London, Minutes of evidence (Sessional papers [ref. 3], 1894, 34:1).
63
Harold Hartley, "Schools of chemistry of Great Britain and Ireland - XVI: The University of Oxford," Royal Institute of Chemistry, Journal, 79 (1955), 116-127, 176-184
J. C. Smith, "The development of organic chemistry at Oxford," MS, CS Library.
64
Meldola, "Chemical research" (ref. 43), 636-637
65
Devonshire Commission (ref. 11), qq. 5682, 7365.
66
Ibid., qq. 5683, 7366.
Samuelson Committee (ref. 41), qq. 8067, 8074-8075
T. E. Thorpe, The Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Enfield Roscoe: A biographical sketch (New York, 1916), 108.
67
NST Mark Book (ref. 14), 42
Anon., "F. S. BarfT," CS, Journal, 51 (1887), 471.
68
"Royal College of Science data," Tables 14-16, MS, University of Sussex, 1975.
70
Sanderson, Universities (ref. 41), 42.
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