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third-party-certification-system

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Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2012) 12 (2): 72–76.
Published: 01 May 2012
... organizations sought to win back adherents by adapting the ancient ritual of Jewish dietary law to the most complex, modern processing techniques. The result was an elaborate third-party certification system, the first of its kind, which is now the backbone of a billion-dollar industry that thrives today...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2019) 19 (1): 79–90.
Published: 01 February 2019
... and aroma. (Asahi Shimbun 1991) Sake sommelier has also taken shape as a profession. In 2017, the Japan Sommelier Association (JSA) created a sake qualifi- cation certificate, the JSA Sake Diploma, as part of the asso- ciation s qualification system in addition to the wine-related ones. It held its...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2018) 18 (3): 42–53.
Published: 01 August 2018
... registration system, or hukou, which classified house- holds and individual citizens by place of residence (urban or rural) and occupation (agricultural or nonagricultural). Throughout the Mao era (1949 76), Chinese in the city held an urban hukou and were typically employed in work units that were subsidized...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2017) 17 (1): 1–14.
Published: 01 February 2017
... fetishize food and to accept that sustainability includes a lot more than eating healthfully. We need to plug foodies and food movement actors directly into campaigns and instigate discussions on what s possible third-party certification, buyer boycotts, high-road efforts to promote businesses, or policy...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2016) 16 (3): 31–43.
Published: 01 August 2016
... new type of certification, based only on the national origin of wine. The Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) system, which is a European Union system of Geographical Indication, could be a good promotional asset, but in terms of production it created a very complex and exces- sively diverse...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2016) 16 (1): 103.
Published: 01 February 2016
...-private partnership. The Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011 has authorized third-party auditors in Mexico or China to handle food imported into the United States, in accordance with a uniformly strict standard (p.24). In the book s second part, How to Feed Your Family Safely and Sanely, the authors...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2016) 16 (1): 102–103.
Published: 01 February 2016
... food system, particularly in a society where media and the in- ternet are so pervasive. Third, budget cuts prevent domestic agencies (e.g., the FDA and the USDA [United States Department of Agricul- ture]) from being able to exert adequate efforts to recall sus- pect food, open additional liaison...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2016) 16 (1): 28–40.
Published: 01 February 2016
... international competition required more than just shipping product, because tastes for beer varied widely across regions. Britain and Germany dominated beer exports in the nineteenth cen- tury, and their differing styles of ale and lager largely framed that competition. Nevertheless, it was a third variety...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2014) 14 (4): 60–68.
Published: 01 November 2014
... calculated (for example, what types of information are collected from companies in order to rate a product).8 The system uses three classes of indicators: performance indicators (quantitative metrics, certifications and awards, third-party ratings, etc policy and program indicators (policy statements...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2015) 15 (1): 94–95.
Published: 01 February 2015
... choices are really changing conditions for laborers should read Besky s book. While Fair Trade designations are pro- moted to the consumer as a way of aiding workers in devel- oping countries, Besky makes it apparent that enabling third- party certifiers to utilize the concept of Fair Trade as a mar...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2015) 15 (1): 95–97.
Published: 01 February 2015
... should read Besky s book. While Fair Trade designations are pro- moted to the consumer as a way of aiding workers in devel- oping countries, Besky makes it apparent that enabling third- party certifiers to utilize the concept of Fair Trade as a mar- keting ploy has served to undermine the regulatory...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2014) 14 (4): 17–25.
Published: 01 November 2014
... discussion was held on certification programs, that is, efforts to provide third-party documentation to assure con- sumers of the various qualities hormone-free natural organic grass-fed etc.) they were looking for in their meat purchases. The discussion revealed a significant rift between those...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2012) 12 (4): 31–36.
Published: 01 November 2012
... strategy appears to have worked: last year, Erdogan was elected to a third term .) Much like baguettes in France, the price of simits is strictly regulated, and price increases have to be weighed against the inviolable right of Turkey s poor to afford them . After a recent drought pushed up the price of...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2011) 11 (4): 66–73.
Published: 01 November 2011
... . This system pro- vides third-party certification for producers who want to differentiate their products as place-based in a crowded food marketplace . Three different levels of protections (and associated logos) are available, depending on how many ingredients the product has and how those...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2011) 11 (2): 38–47.
Published: 01 May 2011
... active discussion among historians about the greenness of the Nazi Party . For example, Mark Cioc, Franz-Josef Brueggemeier, and Thomas Zeller, eds ., How Green Were the Nazis? Nature, Environment and Nation in the Third Reich (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2006); and Piers H .G . Stephens, Blood Not...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2011) 11 (1): 35–43.
Published: 01 February 2011
... provided heat-treated milk to ailing children . Straus and Jacobi together organized an ambitious system of depots funded and administered by Straus .2 These small, on-site pasteurization, refrigeration, and bottling facilities sold chilled, pasteurized milk in sealed bottles for a nomi- nal fee...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2009) 9 (3): 1–5.
Published: 01 August 2009
... Stewardship Council (msc), an international nonprofit established in 1997 whose blue and white logo is becoming increasingly familiar to Americans, is carried out every five years. The Alaska pollock fishery just happens to be undergoing recertification this year, by a third- party auditor hired by the msc...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2008) 8 (4): 24–33.
Published: 01 November 2008
... Streets, and in addition to Matta asked her friends sculptor Suzanne Harris and dancer Rachel Lew to par- ticipate.7 Initially, Harris and Lew each agreed to put up one-third of the starter money, but both eventually pulled out financially, leaving Goodden to cover most of the bills with her inheritance...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2006) 6 (1): 25–34.
Published: 01 February 2006
.... Usually, raspberries fruit in March, Kennedy tells me, but in 2003 on Christmas Day, she collected a small handful. These and other exam- ples of climate change affect smallholder farmers who don t have access to orchard management systems such as spray- ing trees with water that freezes and creates a...
Journal Articles
Gastronomica (2003) 3 (2): 71–77.
Published: 01 May 2003
... producers regions and countries as much as individuals coffee was often the sole basis for the economy, a system fostered by colonial administrations whose main goal was to extract wealth from the colonies by any means possible. Furthermore, the actual production of coffee represented but a small part of...