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Keywords: fines and fees
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Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter (2022) 34 (2-3): 175–185.
Published: 01 February 2022
... and the legislature should structure the assessment of LFOs and consider how local and state programs generate revenue from the criminal legal system. By applying non-criminal taxes, regulatory fees, and user charges jurisprudence to the criminal legal system fines and fees structure, this analysis considers shifting...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter (2022) 34 (2-3): 196–197.
Published: 01 February 2022
...Virginia R. Smercina; Foster C. Kamanga; Barbara G. Brents Traffic stops and traffic tickets often have far-reaching consequences for poor and marginalized communities, yet resulting fines and fees increasingly fund local court systems. This study critically explores who bears the brunt of traffic...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter (2022) 34 (2-3): 200–202.
Published: 01 February 2022
... African Americans, are disproportionately represented in the amount of people who are incarcerated, implies a racial problem with the justice system in this Country. When you tie together the racial disparity of African Americans incarcerated, and the systematic ways in which the fines and fees associated...