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sexual-abuse

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Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2011; 24142–43 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2011.24.1.42
Published: 01 October 2011
...Tara Graham; Allison Hastings In 2003, Congress unanimously passed the landmark Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). The legislation established a zero-tolerance standard for sexual abuse in U.S. correctional facilities. Implicitly, PREA recognized that sending individuals to facilities where sexual...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2011; 24144–45 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2011.24.1.44
Published: 01 October 2011
... This article is excerpted from the 276-page National Prison Rape Elimination Commission Report published in June 2009. Sexual abuse in correctional environments is a serious concern with dire consequences, especially for victims. Individuals confined in correctional facilities or under supervision...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2012; 244263–267 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2012.24.4.263
Published: 01 April 2012
... discrimination or sexual abuse by prison staff that leaves no physical injury. And much of the time saved by dismissing cases is spent interpreting the PLRA's perplexing procedural rules. More and more often, courts are leaving prisoners (and pretrial detainees) to the vagaries of cash-starved prison systems...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2020; 323147–152 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2020.32.3.147
Published: 01 February 2020
.... Title IV. Violence Against Women Increased penalties for sexual abuse; permitted courts to order mandatory restitution for victims of sexual abuse; made grants to strengthen law enforcement and prosecution strategies to combat violence against women and provide services to victims; restricted use of...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2020; 323157–177 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2020.32.3.157
Published: 01 February 2020
... processing populations: rape and sexual assault *Black-white trend differences are statistically significant. © 2019 Council on Criminal Justice. Average annual change in imprisonment rates and justice-system processing populations: robbery *Black-white trend differences are statistically significant. © 2019...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32132–35 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.1.32
Published: 01 October 2019
... recommendations. Several such accused individuals are before the court, pending evaluation. For example, several years ago, a mid- dle-aged man referred to the court pled guilty to sexually abusing his son. A father of nine, he carried a diagnosis of major depressive disorder and anxiety, suffering from crippling...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5331–368 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.331
Published: 01 April 2019
... (Years) 10.8 3.3 3.2 1.2 12.1 1.4 14.8 5.0 5.2 2.1 15.5 6.3 4.1 2.1 12.5 1.6 16.9 12.5 4.9 2.1 0 2.3 0.2 0.3 14.5 5.2 4.7 0.6 1.3 0.2 Sexual Abuse Robbery Murder National Defense Offenses Prison Offenses Racketeering/Extortion Tax offenses Traffic Violations and Other Offenses Money Laundering...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5272–278 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.272
Published: 01 April 2019
... of cases. For example, in cases of sexual abuse of a child, a witness can often be traumatized again by the prospect of testifying. Although such situations are indeed difficult since the problem of innocent people pleading guilty remains, the extent of this problem depends in part on the magnitude...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5321–330 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.321
Published: 01 April 2019
... with cooperating witness procedures, as in Brazil), and still others exempt certain types of offenses (for example, sexual offenses, murder, or death penalty cases). In the Philippines, trial waivers (which take a similar form to U.S. plea bargaining) cannot be used in drug prosecu- tions. In Spain...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5284–298 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.284
Published: 01 April 2019
... after testifying on behalf of his roommate during a federal child-pornography trial.51 On the stand, Marrero had mentioned having taken nude photographs of his girlfriend when she was 17 and he was 20. The sexual relationship between Marrero and his girl- friend was legal under state law,52 and the...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5265–271 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.265
Published: 01 April 2019
... addressing drug charges, a RAND study from 2016 pro- vided some estimates for the costs to prosecute, defend, and adjudicate several offenses. At the high end were homicides ($22,000 to $44,000) and rape/sexual assault ($2,000 to $5,000).20 At the low end, burglary ($600 to $1,300), aggravated assault ($800...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5256–264 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.256
Published: 01 April 2019
... Factors and Victim Characteristics on Prosecutors Charging Decisions in Sexual Assault Cases. Justice Quarterly 14(3): 501 24. Spohn, Cassia, Dawn Beichner, and Erika Davis-Frenzel. 2001. Prosecutorial Justifications for Sexual Assault Case Rejec- tion: Guarding the Gateway to Justice. Social...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 313187–194 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.3.187
Published: 01 February 2019
... required her to perform sex acts requested by others, who wanted her images for their own sexual gratification. Amy s abuser pleaded guilty to production of child pornography and in 1999 was sen- tenced to a lengthy prison term. He was also ordered to pay the psychological counseling costs Amy had incurred...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 312119–125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.2.119
Published: 01 December 2018
... Chance Act of 2007, H.R. 1593, 110th Cong. (2007) (providing resources for reentry); Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003, S. 1435, 108th Cong. (2003) (establishing provisions to deter the sexual assault of prisoners). For reasons why I consider the FIRST STEP Act to be the best and most com- prehensive...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31128–36 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.28
Published: 01 October 2018
... Supreme Court did, however, reduce the unconditional part of the sentence to one year of imprisonment for both of them.48 Another case that was decided on the same day con- cerned a boy, about fifteen to sixteen years of age, who had sexually abused a five- to six-year-old girl over a long period. He had...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31137–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.37
Published: 01 October 2018
... cases referred to YP and YF in 2017 were drug abuse (28 violent crimes (21 and threats (9 Sexual crimes (5 which are few but slightly increasing in NMS caseload, represent challenges regard- ing facilitation of restorative processes in view of victims needs and also regarding adequate follow-up with...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5326–347 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.326
Published: 01 April 2018
... domestic violence or child sexual abuse under Wis. Stat. § 971.37 (2015-2016), but must have probable cause if the offender is accused of passing worthless checks under Wis. Stat. § 971.41 (2015-2016). The Code disagrees with such an approach and instead prescribes a uniform standard of (1) probable cause...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5264–265 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.264
Published: 01 April 2018
... violent offenders or persons convicted of official misconduct, homicide offenses, human and sexual traf- ficking offenses, or sex crimes. See I.C. § 35-38-9-3(b); I.C. § 35-38-9- 4(b); I.C. § 35-38-9-5(b). For qualifying offenses, the requirements for expungement generally depend on the level of offense...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5317–325 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.317
Published: 01 April 2018
... than offenders generally. More importantly, sex offenders generally are very unlikely to commit another sex crime, though statistical probability varies by type of sex offense conviction.5 Myths and incorrect suppositions about sexual offenders pervade discourse and inform policy making. As crime...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5257–260 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.257
Published: 01 April 2018
...Restoration of Rights Project © 2018 Vera Institute of Justice 2018 Indiana Law on Expungement and Sealing* A comprehensive new law enacted in May 2013 authorized expungement of all but the most serious violent and sexual offenses, and in addition sealing of non-conviction records and...