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sentencing-reform-act-1984

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Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 1997; 1016–8 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/20640024
Published: 01 July 1997
...Michael M. Mihm The Roles and Responsibilities of the Judiciary in the Implementation of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 MICHAEL M. MIHM Chief Judge, United States District Court, Central District of Illinois Before I go any further, I want you to know that I have only the highest personal and...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 1992; 53174–176 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/20639540
Published: 01 November 1992
...Michael M. Mihm Copyright 1992 Vera Institute of Justice, Inc. Federal Sentencing Reporten Vol. 5, No. 3, November / December 1992 _ - KEYNOTE THE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE JUDICIARY IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SENTENCING REFORM ACT OF 1984 Michael M. Mihm* This was the keynote...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2020; 323178–180 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2020.32.3.178
Published: 01 February 2020
... requirements for judges to impose longer prison terms in more cases. The federal sentencing system reflected this important shift in attitudes and laws. In 1984, Congress passed the Sentencing Reform Act which, among other things, estab- lished the United States Sentencing Commission (Sen- tencing Commission...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2020; 323128–137 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2020.32.3.128
Published: 01 February 2020
... already widely disparate sentencing landscape. In response, Congress passed the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, which created the U.S. Sentencing Commission ( Commission3 The Commission, in turn, was tasked with drafting the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines ( guidelines which were intended to bring rationality...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32276–85 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.2.76
Published: 01 December 2019
... to prisoners under Section 404 of the First Step Act. In making these deter- minations, courts are considering factors such as the length of time already served, the extent of a person s rehabilita- tion, and Congress s intent in enacting recent criminal justice reform legislation.55 In considering...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32292–101 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.2.92
Published: 01 December 2019
... same period. The steep increase in the size of the federal prison system was largely fueled by policy changes such as the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, which established strict federal sen- tencing guidelines, abolished parole, imposed truth in sentencing at 85 percent, and created a distinct term of...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 322109–123 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.2.109
Published: 01 December 2019
...Richard S. Frase This article updates the author’s previous survey of guidelines systems, published in this journal in 1999, and reviews what these reforms have and have not accomplished. Sentencing guidelines developed by an independent sentencing commission are currently being used in 17 states...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32286–91 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.2.86
Published: 01 December 2019
...- oners access to feminine hygiene products, and includes additional provisions focused on reentry programming and fairer sentencing.2 Less than a year after its passage, the First Step Act has already begun to shape the ways that states discuss and implement criminal justice reform. States like Florida...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5303–308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.303
Published: 01 April 2019
... of pre-Guidelines cases, yet recent pat- terns suggest that the trial penalty defendants now face is far greater and constitutionally worrisome. II. Background A. Plea Bargaining Long before passage of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA), the decision to plead guilty was viewed through the lens...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5309–315 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.309
Published: 01 April 2019
... Minimums and Long Guideline Sentences [T]here is no department of the criminal law more dam- aging to judicial sentencing discretion, or more egregious in its transfer of sentencing power to prosecutors, than the mandatory-minimum penalty. 3 The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA) transformed criminal...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5248–255 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.248
Published: 01 April 2019
... Act of 1984, H.R. 5773, 98th Congress. 13 Kate Stith & Jose´ A. Cabranes, Fear of Judging 104 05 (1998). 14 Rakoff, supra note 5. 15 Id. 16 Stith, supra note 13, at 84. 17 Michelle Alexander, the New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness 87 (2010). 18 David Patton, Federal Public...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5331–368 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.331
Published: 01 April 2019
... given. Many scholars have surmised the reason for this abrupt change of tune plea bargaining had become critical to maintaining an efficient criminal justice system.50 The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, United States v. Booker, and Judicial Discretion in Sentencing Around the same time that the...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5265–271 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.265
Published: 01 April 2019
... of judges and imposed man- datory minimum sentences.5 Additionally, the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 eliminated federal parole.6 Together, these pieces of legislation contributed to a dramatic rise in both the incarcerated population and the average length of prison sentences. Between 1980 and 2013...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5215–221 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.215
Published: 01 April 2019
... Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 (SRA) which established sentencing guidelines for federal crim- inal cases. In 1980s Sentencing Reform and Its Impact on Federal Plea Bargaining and the Trial Penalty, FEDERAL SENTENC ING REPORTER VOL . 31 , NO . 4 -5 APR IL/ JUNE 2019 217 Marjorie Peerce and Brad Gershel...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5294–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.294
Published: 01 April 2018
... . 30 , NOS . 4 -5 APR IL/ JUNE 2018 295 performed by her employers or others acting on their behalf. Once they learn of Doe s conviction, she gets fired. This has happened to her half a dozen times. The government does not dispute any of the foregoing facts. Rather, it contends in opposition to the...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 303197–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.3.197
Published: 01 February 2018
... Judiciary Committee in support of the Sentencing Reform and Corrections Act (SRCA). On the state level, last year Harris County prosecutor Kim Ogg committed to push the Texas legislature to reform the state s bail system.26 We need more of this. Associations of line prosecutors have also been active in...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 302146–153 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.30.2.146
Published: 01 December 2017
...: An Uneven Path to Positive Reform The breadth of sentencing and corrections improvements during the 1900s may be too large to reduce to a few paragraphs, and there is no linear progression in terms of positive reforms. The State, in fact, ended the century on a troubling note. In the early part of...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 30180–83 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.30.1.80
Published: 01 October 2017
... had a long-standing interest in the sen- tences for economic crime offenses. In fact, one of the reasons underlying the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 and creation of the Commission was a concern that sentences for certain types of economic crimes such as fraud, embezzlement, and tax offenses were...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 30116–33 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.30.1.16
Published: 01 October 2017
... located in the judicial branch of government, which was created by the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 to, among other things, reduce sentencing disparities and promote transparency and proportionality in sentencing through its promul- gation of federal sentencing guidelines. The USSC col- lects, analyzes...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 295278–283 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.5.278
Published: 01 June 2017
... balance of these considerations. Frankel s ideas inspired Senators Edward Kennedy and Strom Thurmond, and the rest of the bipar- tisan coalition who worked to enact the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, which created the U.S. Sentencing Commis- sion and directed it to promulgate mandatory sentencing...