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poverty

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Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2015; 274229–236 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2015.27.4.229
Published: 01 April 2015
...Sonja B. Starr © 2015 Vera Institute of Justice 2015 The New Profiling: Why Punishing Based on Poverty and Identity Is Unconstitutional and Wrong Let s begin with a thought experiment. Suppose a judge is sentencing two co-defendants, Jones and Smith, for a small- scale cocaine trafficking...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32128–31 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.1.28
Published: 01 October 2019
... to basically challenge the retrenchment of this federal government in a wide range of areas from the safety net, to building the wall, to reproductive rights, to changing the poverty level, to environmental issues, to affordable housing, to disparate treatment of those who are seeking assistance from...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32142–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.1.42
Published: 01 October 2019
... poverty play a huge role.  Collateral consequences are antithetical to the pur- poses of our system.  Implementation is often the hardest slog of all. Rabbi Sholom Lipskar, who founded Aleph nearly forty years ago at the behest of the Lubavitcher Rebbe Menachem M. Schneerson, set the tone of the summit...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32132–35 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.1.32
Published: 01 October 2019
... illness, poverty, and criminal behavior, the mental health court offers them help and a recognition of their human dignity with respect, compassion, and sensi- tivity. For each of them is wonderfully made. 7 Notes 1 Teresa W. Carns et al., Therapeutic Justice in Alaska s Courts, 19 Alaska L. Rev. 1 (2002...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5215–221 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.215
Published: 01 April 2019
... societal issues related to criminal justice including poverty, mental health, addiction, and racism and that, instead of devoting more resources to an overworked legal apparatus, policymakers should focus on the factors driving so many people into contact with the law in order to redirect some of these...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5265–271 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.265
Published: 01 April 2019
.... Recommendations Real reform must right-size the legal system by intercepting poverty, mental health, addiction, racism, and other societal problems before they are dropped on the doorstep of the courts. Instead of devoting more resources to an over- worked legal apparatus or searching for efficiencies, pol...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 312144–148 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.2.144
Published: 01 December 2018
... Union (SEIU); Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund; Southern Poverty Law Center; Students for Sensible Drug Policy; The Decarceration Collective; The National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls; The United Church of Christ; The United Methodist Church - General...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31190–98 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.90
Published: 01 October 2018
... in all Western countries, including the Nordic coun- tries (Christensen and Lægreid 2007, Loedemel and Mor- eira 2014), the Norwegian government provides relatively generous financial support for the poverty stricken, oper- ates equality-promoting subsidies on a large scale, and holds an active role...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31152–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.52
Published: 01 October 2018
... support the Govern- ment s drive against poverty. The guarantee is meant to ensure that inmates and convicted persons, who in many cases belong to the poorest and most alienated sectors of our society, can enjoy the same rights as everyone else, but which due to their imprisonment they do not always have...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2011; 2414–7 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2011.24.1.4
Published: 01 October 2011
... poverty to the administration of criminal justice. Well over 50 percent of individuals appearing in the criminal courts of America are indigent, and more are dangerously close. As a neutral private agency, the Vera Institute of Justice has brought together various public agencies in joint programs and...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5277–282 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.277
Published: 01 April 2018
... clinics in urban but not rural areas, and the prohibitively high filing fees, combine to create substantial access-to- justice barriers for Tennesseans living below and even slightly above the poverty line. This is a sizable population in Tennessee and one that could benefit most from clean- ing up their...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 303171–176 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.3.171
Published: 01 February 2018
... about the system proliferated as bipartisan consensus on the need for criminal justice reform increased over the last decade.2 Critics have pointed to mass incarceration, the war on drugs, and the criminalization of poverty as elements of the problem.3 Other questions have been more issue specific...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 303177–185 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.3.177
Published: 01 February 2018
... criminal law remains a blunt and harsh tool for making communities safer and ensur- ing that people pay their just deserts. And of course, there remains the persistent and destabilizing entanglement of race, ethnicity, and poverty with nearly all facets of the system. Failure to change means the failure to...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 30294–102 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.30.2.94
Published: 01 December 2017
... incarceration to address public health issues like addiction, mental health, and poverty, which only serves to exacerbate those problems39 The ACLU had reviewed all 1,004 bills introduced during the 2015 2016 legisla- tive session and found nearly one in 10 included language to lock more people up longer40...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 302114–124 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.30.2.114
Published: 01 December 2017
... disparity was already very pronounced at the earliest reported stage of criminal justice, arrest (which mirrored black/white socio-economic disparities in educa- tion, employment, income, poverty levels, and residential transience that are much greater than national averages). The study also found that...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 295247–251 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.5.247
Published: 01 June 2017
... the exception it s the norm. Extreme poverty, or a hopeless home environment like Rose Summers23 had, is another factor. Her mother was a drug user, then became a dealer, and her supplier lived with them. Rose was offered a sentence reduction if she would testify against her mother, but at 26, she...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 294182–183 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.4.182
Published: 01 April 2017
... met- ropolitan area is that non-whites are treated more severely than whites; wholesale incarceration rather than retail selectivity is the norm; required ranges respond mostly to public anger and fear of firearms and controlled sub- stances; and poverty and lack of family structure and edu- cation...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 294179–181 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.4.179
Published: 01 April 2017
... plague our criminal justice system and society at large from the effects of drug dependency and poverty, to the persistence of racial disparities in sentencing, and even to our apparent cavalier attitude about leading the world in rates of incarceration. That was the reality of sentencing then, and, as...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 294201–206 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.4.201
Published: 01 April 2017
... eliminate the sociological causes of crime primarily poverty and, in the meantime, to treat the people whose uncorrected social circumstances continued to infect them with the disease of criminal impulse. The age-old retributive notion that crime must be proportionately punished to restore the moral...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 292-380–82 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.2-3.80
Published: 01 February 2017
... or reduce crime generally,23 and no reason to think the results will be different in the immigration context, when the offenders in question are motivated by overwhelming forces of poverty, love of fam- ily, or fear of what was left behind. It would be better to avoid costly mandatory minimum...