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community-based-alternatives-detention

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Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2011; 24115–20 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2011.24.1.15
Published: 01 October 2011
... crisis, New York City officials concluded that they had to rethink the city's juvenile detention policies and practices. The development and implementation of the risk-assessment instrument (RAI) and community-based alternatives to detention (ATD) programs represent an important shift in New York City's...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32270–75 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.2.70
Published: 01 December 2019
... implementation guidelines that render compassionate release policies ineffective. The First Step Act also revives the Second Chance Act of 2007 by providing a vehicle for early release of certain classes of elderly offenders. The First Step Act authorizes age-based early releases for inmates who are sixty years...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 32156–62 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.32.1.56
Published: 01 October 2019
... agency policy. In those cases where the proposed ideas didn t work, PA DOC is working to discontinue or adjust current practices. In December 2017, a fourth goal was added to PA DOC s BetaGov initiative. The goal to improve community-based corrections and reentry outcomes aligns with the recent agency...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5234–238 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.234
Published: 01 April 2019
... of strategic decision-making within the context of plea bar- gaining.3 The social science literature also includes studies of factors within the purview of the criminal justice system, such as pre-trial detention and collateral consequences,4 interrogation procedures,5 and communication and...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5284–298 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.284
Published: 01 April 2019
... to bear on citizens as well as to the results of particular cases when it does so. Simply put, the government s ability to persuade a unanimous body of ordinary citizens, based on evidence presented both to them as jurors and to the entire community, that a partic- ular person has violated the law...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5239–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.239
Published: 01 April 2019
... findings have prompted the law and psychology community to turn its attention to plea bargaining in an effort to better under- stand the functioning of the institution and the actors within its reach. In fact, as plea bargaining has started to spread around the globe, the world community has also begun to...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5265–271 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.265
Published: 01 April 2019
... disparities in the trial penalty, resulting in longer sentences for Black and Brown people for similar convictions. A study from Professors Jeffery Ulmer and Mindy Bradley found that the trial penalty for Black individuals convicted of serious violent offenses increased proportionally based on the percentage...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5215–221 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.215
Published: 01 April 2019
... the event. Their participation and their comments make it clear that the trial penalty is not some trivial matter of marginal concern; rather it is a central defect in the nation s criminal justice system, one which has triggered a broad-based outpouring of condemnation. Jeffery Robinson, Deputy Legal...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 314-5331–368 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.4-5.331
Published: 01 April 2019
... reasonable doubt to the satisfaction of a unanimous jury based on admissible evidence that is subject to vigorous challenge by defense counsel to whom exculpatory evi- dence must be disclosed, they are not likely to bring them in the first place. This report is a major contribution to the discussion of one...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2019; 313177–181 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2019.31.3.177
Published: 01 February 2019
... have included, for example, Ohio s Justice Reinvestment Act (House Bill 86), reentry reform, criminal intent reform, civil asset for- feiture reform, Targeted Community Alternatives to Prison, record sealing, and the expansion of intervention programs. In addition to such measures, the General Assembly...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31128–36 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.28
Published: 01 October 2018
... punished with a community sentence instead of prison.45 For example, in 2003, a fifteen-year-old girl was convicted of aiding and abetting the rape of a girl of the same age. The defendant was sentenced to a 300-hour community sen- tence, with an execution period of a year and a half and an alternative...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 3111–4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.1
Published: 01 October 2018
... offenders. In detailing the complex processes at play when pun- ishing youthful offenders, including the need for universal consent, the engagement of community- based social services, and, when these interventions are unsuccessful, the limited reach of custodial sanctions, Holmboe contextualizes key...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31137–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.37
Published: 01 October 2018
... guardians must give their consent to this alternative; and it can be an alternative to prison and to stricter community sentences. YF may last up to a maxi- mum of one year and can be based on a prosecutor referral, also requiring the consent of the offender and his or her FEDERAL SENTENCING REPORTER VOL...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 31152–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.52
Published: 01 October 2018
...- istry will to the greatest extent possible make use of alternative reaction and penal implementation forms. It is, however, a precondition that public safety is at all times addressed. The Ministry will inter alia consider extending the frameworks for use of community service and split sentences, extend...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 3115–13 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.31.1.5
Published: 01 October 2018
... only revoked for a new offense com- mitted during the parole supervision period.30 Apart from incarceration, Norwegian sentencing options include an impressive range of alternatives. In 1984, Norway began to use community service as a criminal sanction, and subse- quently changed its legal title to...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 304-5283–293 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.4-5.283
Published: 01 April 2018
... of individualized criminal court based relief.10 A. Avoiding Disqualifying Convictions In several ways, California law makes it possible to avoid a conviction even for those who have not managed to avoid interaction with the criminal justice system entirely. 1. Wobblers. Under California law...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2018; 303197–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2018.30.3.197
Published: 01 February 2018
... for breaking the law and on ensuring public safety. But accountability may take various forms, and public safety is often best served by alternatives to prose- cution and incarceration. Dan Satterberg, King County prosecuting attorney in Washington state, advocates community justice a princi- ple...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2017; 292-3175–178 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2017.29.2-3.175
Published: 01 February 2017
... downgrading lesser offenses), repealed manda- tory minimum sentences for certain crimes, revised sen- tencing enhancements, and created or expanded alternative sentencing options. Reforming Pretrial Practices In response to research demonstrating the negative effects of pretrial detention on both people and...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2016; 29152–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2016.29.1.52
Published: 01 October 2016
...: adopting risk and need assessment tools (16 states), implementing accountability measures for those under community control (15), good time and earned credit for early release from prison (15), intermediate and graduated sanctions (15), enhanced community-based treatment (11), sentencing changes and...
Journal Articles
Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2016; 29122–38 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/fsr.2016.29.1.22
Published: 01 October 2016
... the Prison Moratorium Project (PMP), an organization founded by Eddie Ellis. Ellis had established a prison-based policy-reform think tank while Chart 2 New York State prison population, 1993 2015 (Sources: Bureau of Justice Statistics; New York State Department of Corrections and Community...