Footnotes

Footnotes
1
Anthony Partridge and William Eldridge, The Second Circuit Sentencing Study: A Report to the Judges (Federal Judicial Center, August 1974)
2
David Rothman, "Doing Time," 19 International Journal of Comparative Sociology 121 (1977).
3
United States Sentencing Commission, Guidelines Manual (October 1987), pp. 1.6-1.8.
4
5 Fed. Sent. R. 3 (December 1992)
5
5 Fed. Sent. R. 137 (December 1992), (excerpt from GAO Impact Study, August, 1992)
6
Ibid.
7
United States Sentencing Commission, The Federal Sentencing Guidelines—Executive Summary (December 1991) pp. 6-16.
8
Milton Heumann, "Interviewing Trial Judges," in Charles Johnson, ed., "Strategies for Judicial Research: Soaking and Poking in the Judiciary," 73 Judicature 200 (1990).
9
Dale Parent, Structuring Criminal Sentences: The Evolution of Minnesota's Sentencing Guidelines (1988).
10
Stephen Schulhofer and Ilene Nagel, "Negotiated Pleas Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines: The First Fifteen Months," 27 Am. Grim. L. Rev. 231 (1989)
Ilene Nagel and Stephen Schulhofer, "A Tale of Three Cities: An Emprical Study of Charging and Bargaining Practices Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines," 66 So. Cal L. Rev. (1992).
11
Richard Fenno, "Observation, Context, and Sequence in the Study of Politics," 80 Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. 4 (1986).
12
Michael Tonry, "GAO Report Confirms Failure of U.S. Guidelines," 5 Fed. Sent. R. 144 (Nov./Dec. 1992).
13
"2 Judges Decline Drug Cases, Protesting Sentencing Rules," The New York Times (April 17, 1993), p.1.
14
Marvin Frankel, Criminal Sentences: Law Without Order (New York: Hill and Wang, 1972).
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